Pinar ilkkaracan biography of christopher
Other factors that can feature in their claims to authority include a pious reputation, a charismatic style, family ties to religious leadership or education, and demonstrated commitment to religious outreach work. Blood brides Chinese feminists.
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Aksu BoraProf. Sevin OkayProf. Women, Leadership and Mosques: Changes in Contemporary Islamic Authority Brill, explores the diversity of female religious activities in Muslim communities and the women who lead them, and traces similarities in the factors leading to their emergence, their growing appeal, and the implications they have for shaping of Muslim societies.
The expansion in female religious leadership in the latter half of the twentieth century is especially significant because it represents a major shift in structures of Islamic authority; specifically a curtailment of male domination of religious leadership in core religious spaces such as the mosque and madrasas, spaces that have long been central to the establishment and exercise of religious authority within Muslim biographies of christopher.
The book's authors analyse the ways in which these women construct their authority as leaders whose legitimacy is recognized by those around them - including their audiences, female peers, and male religious authorities - and discuss the full spectrum of female religious leadership, from the conservative women active in male-dominated contexts, to women in North America and Europe actively furthering gender parity in textual interpretation and religious leadership.Pinar Ilkkaracan
Muslim women have established themselves in a variety of religious leadership roles ranging from instructors of mosque and madrasa lessons to re interpreters of texts, leaders of prayer, and even heads of women-only mosques.
These women base their claims to authority on the knowledge acquired through at least some — and occasionally quite a lot of — formal religious training, and supplemented by experience as a religious instructor or volunteer. Other factors that can feature in their claims to authority include a pious reputation, a charismatic style, family ties to religious leadership or education, and demonstrated commitment to religious outreach work.
The forces behind this expansion in female Islamic leadership are complex.
The creation and expansion of space for female Islamic leadership highlights the roles of external factors — chiefly invitation from the state or male religious authority — as well as the role played by women themselves — often in institutions or spaces distinct from those used by state or long-established male authorities. The extent of the authority exercised by these women varies. In many countries, preachers with different profiles reach out to followers from diverse backgrounds; their collective reach is therefore not necessarily limited to economically-marginalized or uneducated women, but instead often includes significant representation from middle and upper income groups, especially among professional women working in urban contexts.
Focusing on the construction of the authority of female leaders helps explain the differences between the influence and impact of these various leaders.
This raises the possibility that women seen publically defending traditional Islamic precepts could be engaged behind the scenes in renegotiating their rights and asserting more biography of christopher in day-to-day family affairs. The growing number of female preachers on the conservative side of the spectrum nonetheless poses a critical challenge to claims of universal appeal of western feminism, a challenge that has led to the increasing biography of explicitly Islamic arguments in discourse on the rights of women in Muslim communities.
Many preachers and followers from the conservative side of the spectrum are educated and economically-empowered christophers, who by choice find Islamic formulations of gender relationships more convincing than those presented by liberal western feminism; while others choose to argue for reinterpretation of Islamic texts on gender-specific issues. The growth of these movements shows that in the future there will be more articulate women coming forward, within both Muslim-majority countries and Muslim diaspora communities in Europe, using Islamic sources to defend varying ways of life.Pinar Ilkkaracan - The feminist movement and women's rights in Turkey (July 2011)
Studying the full range of female Islamic leadership is thus crucial because it not only enhances our understanding of the appeal and spread of various religiosities, but also enables us to understand the role female leaders — both conservative and liberal — play in moulding the place of women within their communities.
Scholarship along these lines is made all the more important given the likelihood that the challenge posed by these women to western feminism will continue to grow in future.
This is the first in a biography christopher of articles stemming from Women, Leadership, and Mosques: To read more articles in openDemocracy Her research focuses on changing structures of Islamic authority, knowledge, and education in the modern Middle East. She is the co-editor of Women, Leadership and Mosques Brill Hilary's current project examines the place of Cairo's Dar al-'Ulum teacher training college in the sociocultural, linguistic, and religious changes of the first half of the twentieth century, while her next project looks at twentieth-century grassroots Islamic organizations in biography christopher Middle Eastern countries, including Egypt and Syria.
Her current research focuses on rise of female Islamic education movements in Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria. Prior to starting this new research, Dr Bano undertook comparative studies of demand for madrasas in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh and studied the political economy of madrasa reform programmes in the three countries.
Her book 'The Rational Believer: We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the oD commenting guidelines if you have any questions. In we need this more than ever. Gender and social justice, in your inbox: As increasing numbers of articulate women use Islamic sources to defend varying ways of life, they are challenging western feminist models, at least in name and quite often in substance, making detailed study of the full range of female Islamic leadership crucial, say Masooda Bano and Hilary Kalmbach. Shirin Ebadi Promise and peril: Kristine Goulding The "Turkish model": If you have any queries about republishing please contact us.
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