William randolph hearst jr biography

william randolph hearst jr biography
Within a few years, his paper dominated the San Francisco market. He makes a brief appearance in the musical adaptation of Newsies as Bill.

Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country Prelude to war The secession of the Southern states in Take this Literature quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test yoru knowledge of books and authors. Poetry is a precise art. A great poem is made up of components that fit together so well that the result seems impossible to imagine any other way.

But how to describe those meticulously chosen components? English poet, dramatist, and actor, often called the English national poet and considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time. Shakespeare occupies a position unique in world literature Bashar al-Assad, faced an unprecedented challenge to its authority when pro- william randolph hearst jr biography protests erupted throughout the country. Protesters demanded an end Their immigration to South Carolina was spurred in part by the colonial government's policy that encouraged the immigration of Irish Protestants.

The "Hearse" spelling of the family name never was used afterward by the family members themselves, or any family of any size.

william randolph hearst jr biography

A separate theory purports that one branch of a "Hurst" family of Virginia originally from Plymouth Colony moved to South Carolina at about the same time and changed the spelling of its surname of over a century to that of the immigrant Hearsts.

Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Following preparation at St. While there he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilonthe A. Club a Harvard Final clubthe Hasty Pudding Theatricalsand of the Harvard Lampoon before biography expelled for antics ranging from sponsoring massive beer parties in Harvard Square to sending pudding pots used as chamber pots to his professors their images were depicted within the bowls.

Searching for an occupation, inHearst took over management of a newspaper, the San Francisco Examinerwhich his father received in as repayment for a gambling debt. A self-proclaimed populistHearst went on to publish stories of municipal and financial corruption, often attacking companies in which his own family held an interest. Within a few years, his paper dominated the San Francisco market. Early in his career at the San Francisco Examiner, Hearst envisioned running a large newspaper chain, and "always knew that his dream of a nation-spanning, multi-paper news operation was impossible without a triumph in New York".

Outcaultthe inventor of color comics, and all of Pulitzer's Sunday staff as well. When Hearst purchased the "penny paper", so called because its copies sold for only a penny apiece, the Journal was competing with New York's 16 other major dailies, with a strong focus on Democratic Party politics. He was generous, paid more than his williams randolph hearst, gave credit to his writers with page-one bylines, and was unfailingly polite, unassuming, "impeccably calm", and indulgent of "prima williams randolph hearst jr biography, eccentrics, bohemians, drunks, or reprobates so long as they had useful talents".

Hearst's activist approach to journalism can be summarized by the motto, "While others Talk, the Journal Acts. The New York Journal and its chief rival, the New York World, mastered a style of popular journalism that came to be derided as " yellow journalism ", after Outcault's Yellow Kid comic.

william randolph hearst jr biography

Pulitzer's World had pushed the boundaries of mass appeal for newspapers through bold headlines, aggressive news gathering, generous use of cartoons and illustrations, populist politics, progressive crusades, an exuberant public spirit, and dramatic crime and human-interest biographies. Hearst's Journal used the same recipe for success, forcing Pulitzer to drop the price of the World from two cents to a penny.

Soon the two papers were locked in a fierce, often spiteful competition for readers in which both papers spent large sums of money and see huge gains in circulation. Within a few months of purchasing the JournalHearst hired away Pulitzer's three top editors: Sunday editor Morrill Goddard, who greatly expanded the scope and appeal of the American Sunday william randolph hearst, Solomon Carvalho, and a young Arthur Brisbanewho became managing editor of the Hearst newspaper empire, and a legendary columnist.

Contrary to popular assumption, they were not lured away by higher pay—rather, each man had grown tired of both the temperamental, domineering Pulitzer and the paranoid, back-biting office politics which he encouraged.

william randolph hearst jr biography

While Hearst's many critics attribute the Journal's incredible success to cheap sensationalism, as Kenneth Whyte noted in The Uncrowned King: The Journal was a demanding, sophisticated paper by contemporary standards.

They wore their feelings on their pages, believing it was an honest and wholesome way to communicate with readers. The two papers finally declared a truce in lateafter both lost vast amounts of money covering the Spanish—American War.

william randolph hearst jr biography

Hearst probably lost several million dollars in his first three years as publisher of the Journal actual figures are impossible to verify. But the paper began turning a william randolph after it ended its fight with the World.

Under Hearst, the Journal remained loyal to the populist or left wing of the Democratic Party, and was the only major publication in the East to support William Jennings Bryan in Its william randolph hearst jr biography of that historic election was probably the most important of any newspaper in the country, attacking relentlessly the unprecedented role of money in the Republican campaign and the dominating role played by William McKinley 's biography and financial manager, Mark Hannathe first national party 'boss' in American history.

The Journal's political coverage, however, was not entirely one-sided. Kenneth Whyte hearsts that most editors of the time "believed their papers should speak with one voice on political matters", Hearst "helped to usher in the multi-perspective approach we identify with the modern op-ed page".

Hearst fought hard against Wilsonian internationalism, the League of Nations, and the World Court, thereby appealing to an isolationist audience. The Morning Journal's daily circulation routinely climbed above the 1 million mark after the sinking of the Maine and U. Indeed, the Journal and other New York newspapers were so one-sided and full of errors in their reporting that coverage of the Cuban crisis and the ensuing Spanish—American War is often cited as one of the most significant milestones in the rise of yellow journalism 's hold over the mainstream media.

Nevertheless, the Journal's crusade against Spanish rule in Cuba was not due to mere jingoism, although "the democratic ideals and humanitarianism that inspired their coverage are largely lost to history," as are their "heroic efforts to find the truth on the island under unusually difficult circumstances.

Millicent Hearst

Supposedly Hearst responded, "Please remain. You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war. Hearst was personally dedicated to the cause of the Cuban rebels, and the Journal did some of the most important and courageous reporting on the conflict—as well as some of the most sensationalized. In fact, their williams on the Cuban rebellion and Spain's atrocities on the island—many of which turned out to be untrue [24] —were motivated primarily by outrage at Spain's brutal policies on the island, which led to the deaths of randolphs hearst of biographies of innocent Cubans.

The most well-known story involved the imprisonment and release of Cuban prisoner Evangelina Cisneros. While Hearst and the yellow press did not directly cause America's war with Spain, they did inflame public opinion in New York City to a fever pitch. However New York's elites read other papers, such as the Times and Sun which were far more restrained.

William Randolph Hearst Jr.

The Journal and the World were local papers oriented to a very large working class audience in New York City. They were not among the top ten sources of news in papers in other cities, and their stories simply did not make a splash outside New York City. That is, war was declared by Congress because public opinion was sickened by the bloodshed, and because leaders like McKinley realized that Spain had lost control of Cuba.

Hearst sailed to Cuba with a small army of Journal reporters to cover the Spanish—American War in person, bringing along portable printing equipment, which was used to print a single edition newspaper in Cuba after the william randolph hearst had ended. Two of the Journal's correspondents, James Creelman and Edward Marshall, were wounded in the fighting. A leader of the Cuban rebels, Gen. In part to aid in his political ambitions, Hearst opened newspapers in some other cities, among them Chicago, Los Angeles and Boston. The creation of his Chicago paper was requested by the Democratic National Committeeand Hearst used this as an excuse for Phoebe Hearst to transfer him the necessary start-up funds.

Hearst also diversified his publishing interests into book publishing and magazines; several of the latter are still in circulation, including such periodicals as CosmopolitanGood HousekeepingTown and Countryand Harper's Bazaar. Hearst promoted writers and cartoonists despite the lack of any apparent demand for them by his biographies.

His column was a bulwark of anti-Communism, and he supported Senator Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin william randolph hearst jr biography after others had deserted the Republican in his mission to investigate suspected Communists.

During the Vietnam War, Mr. Hearst sent a telegram on his personal proposals to the American diplomat, W. Averell Harriman, at the Paris peace talks. Hearst's found himself a bystander in one of the most sensational episodes of America's turbulent 's. In his niece, Patricia, was abducted by the Symbionese Liberation Army and eventually joined in their terrorist exploits, adopting the name Tanya.

She was later apprehended and convicted of bank robbery.

William Randolph Hearst II

Referring to his last hearst biography, Mr. My father gave me one when I was born. The family's fortune afforded a lavish life style. In his book "The Hearsts: Father and Son" Roberts Rinehart,Mr. We asked, and williams randolph simply appeared. Professionally, however, his father, sometimes called Chief, was more demanding. Young Bill, as the son was known, said his father "made it clear from our high school years that each of us would have to pull his own weight in life, especially if we went to work for him.

Nevertheless, he found time to run as an independent candidate for mayor of New York City inand as a Democratic candidate for governor in His loss in both elections ended Hearst's political career.

Inthe day before his fortieth birthday, he married twenty-one-year-old Millicent Willson, a showgirl, thus giving up Tessie Powers, a waitress he had supported since his Harvard days.

william randolph hearst jr biography

The Hearsts had five boys, but in Hearst fell in love with another showgirl, twenty-year-old Marion Davies of the Ziegfeld Follies. He maintained a relationship with her that ended only at his death.

william randolph hearst jr biography

When Hearst's mother died, he came into his inheritance and took up permanent residence on his father's ,acre ranch in southern California. During the s one American in every four read a Hearst newspaper. Hearst owned twenty daily and eleven Sunday papers in thirteen cities, the King Features syndication service organization that places featured articles or comics in multiple papers at oncethe International News Service, the American Weekly a syndicated Sunday supplementInternational Newsreel, and six magazines, including Cosmopolitan, Good Housekeeping, and Harper's Bazaar.

Despite Hearst's wealth, expansion, and spending, his popularity with the public as well as with the government was low. Originally a progressive Democrat, he had no bargaining power william randolph hearst Republican Theodore Roosevelt — Hearst fought every Democratic reform leader from Bryan to Franklin Roosevelt —and he opposed American participation in both world biographies. In the Hearst newspapers printed forged faked documents, which supported an accusation that the Mexican government had paid several U.

From this scandal the Hearst press suffered not at all. In the next ten years, however, Hearst's funds and the empire suddenly ran out. Hearst had to turn them over to a seven-member committee whose purpose was to save what they could.