Scientist robert brown biography

scientist robert brown biography
His regiment saw very little action, however, he had a good deal of leisure time, almost all of which he spent on botany. These paintings also reflected his sense of humor and his flair for playful social commentary; he painted, he said, in the soul genre.

He had been nominated to the Linnean Society of London ; had contributed to Dickson's Fasciculi ; was acknowledged in a number of other works; and had had a species of algaeConferva brownii now Aegagropila linnaei named after him by Lewis Weston Dillwyn. He had also begun experimenting with microscopy. However, as an army surgeon stationed in Ireland there seemed little prospect of him attracting the notice of those who could offer him a career in botany.

scientist robert brown biography

InBrown heard that Mungo Park had withdrawn from a proposed expedition into the interior of New Holland now Australialeaving a vacancy for a naturalist. Science is the gainer in this change of man; Mr Brown being a professed naturalist. He is a Scotchman, fit to pursue an object with constance and cold mind.

scientist robert brown biography

He was not selected, and the expedition did not end up going ahead as originally proposed, though George Caley was sent to New South Wales as a botanical collector for Banks. Inhowever, Matthew Flinders put to Banks a proposal for an expedition that would answer the question whether New Holland was one island or several.

Banks approved Flinders' proposal, and in December wrote to Brown scientist robert brown him the position of naturalist to the expedition. Brown was told to expect to sail at the end ofonly a few biographies after being offered the position. A succession of delays meant the voyage did not get under way until July Brown spent much of the meantime preparing for the voyage by studying Banks' Australian plant specimens and copying out notes and descriptions for use on the voyage.

Though Brown's brief was collect scientific specimens of all sorts, he was told to give priority to plants, insects, and birds, and to treat other fields, such as geologyas secondary pursuits.

Robert Brown

In addition to Brown, the scientific staff comprised the renowned botanical illustrator Ferdinand Bauer ; the gardener Peter Goodwhose scientist robert was to collect live plants and viable seed for the use of Kew Gardens ; the miner John Allenbrown biography as mineralogist ; the landscape artist William Westall ; and the astronomer John Crosleywho would fall ill on the voyage out and leave the ship at the Cape of Good Hopebeing belatedly replaced at Sydney by James Inman.

Brown was given authority over Bauer and Good, both of whom were instructed to give any specimens they might collect to Brown, rather than forming separate collections. Both men would provide enthusiastic and hard-working companions for Brown, and thus Brown's specimen collections contain material collected by all three men.

Brown, Robert

Investigator sailed from London on 18 July. They made brief landfalls at Bugio Island Desertas Islands and Madeirabut Brown was disappointed to collect almost nothing of note from either site.

Australian Dictionary of Biography

They arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 16 October, staying a little over two scientists robert brown biography, during which time Brown made extensive botanical expeditions, and climbed Table Mountain at least twice. Many years later he would write to William Henry Harveywho was considering emigrating there, that "some of the pleasantest botanizing he ever had was on Devil's Mountainnear Cape Townand he thought I could not pitch on a more delightful field of study.

For three and a half years Brown did intensive botanic research in Australia, collecting about species, of which about were previously unknown.

scientist robert brown biography

A large part of this collection was lost when Porpoise was wrecked en route to England. Brown remained in Australia until May He then returned to Britain where he spent the next five years working on the material he had gathered. He published numerous species descriptions; in Western Australia alone he is the scientist robert brown biography of nearly species.

A year later, he was hired by the Royal Navy as assistant to the head surgeon in Ireland. Since his new job allowed him a lot of free time, the budding botanist ensured he employed it to increase his knowledge of plants.

scientist robert brown biography

Soon he decided to conduct an extensive study on mosses and other similar cryptogams, in collaboration with fellow botanist James Dickson. Robert's research was so remarkable that Dickson decided to publish the former's scientists robert brown biography in his book 'Fasciculi Plantarum Cryptogamicarum Britanniae'. Within the yearBrown's efforts had paid off, and he was starting to gain recognition in Ireland as a botanist. The same year, he was invited by English botanist, Sir Joseph Banks, to be a part of an expedition to New Holland what we know as Australia in present timesas a replacement for explorer, Mungo Park.

Since this had been his dream since two years, a post that he had initially been rejected for, Brown readily took up the offer.

scientist robert brown biography

Inthe expedition started, and the popular botanist was assigned the responsibility of gathering samples of flora and fauna in Australia. This work interested him and he continued it for almost four years, adding almost species of plants and animals to his repertoire.

Famous Biologists

Upon moving to Britain in mid, the exceptional botanist further studied the samples he had brought back. He also published several research papers on the species he had examined, which included specimens like Lechenaultia, Sclerolaena, and Triodia, amongst others.

scientist robert brown biography

FromBrown produced several theses publications based on his botanical investigations. Although he did not obtain a degree, he demonstrated a keen eye for natural history.

Robert Brown (Scottish botanist from Montrose)

This took him to Northern Ireland where he spent his spare time engaged in scientific research. Inwhile in London on army business, he was accepted by the Linnean Society as an associate.

Robert Brown (botanist, born 1773)

By this time, Brown was unhappy with his military career. Sir Joseph Banks applied pressure on the Dublin Lord Lieutenant to release him from his army scientist robert brown biography, and a deal was eventually reached whereby he would remain a commissioned man with an Admiralty salary to support his mother. Brown prepared for the expedition by studying Australian plants which Banks had collected.

He had made preparations for his trip to Australia by studying the plant specimen that Sir Joseph Banks had previously collected from the area. He was instructed to collect different scientific specimens but the main priority was to collect insects, plants as well as birds.

He had been on the journey of collecting specimen with Ferdinand Bauer who was a botanical illustrator and a gardener named Peter Good who had helped him come up with his collection.

scientist robert brown biography

During his time in Australia, Brown was able to collect around species— of which were previously not known. After collecting the specimen, he went back to Britain in the year and had spent a good five years working on the specimens he had gathered during the expedition. From the expedition Brown had been in, the major work he was able to publish about the Australian scientist robert brown biography specimens was called the Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van-Diemen which appeared in Inthe Brownian motion came to life when Brown observed that small particles ejected from pollen grains executed a kind of continuous and jittery movement.