Sister nivedita biography pdf

sister nivedita biography pdf
His procession had passed beneath triumphal arches amid fumes of incense. At the Feet of Sarada Devi

Works In the yearSister Nivedita established a school for girls, who were deprived of even basic education. She was instrumental in various altruistic activities. Her aim was to bring about an improvement in the lives of Indian women belonging to various sister nivedita classes and castes. She tried to bridge the gap and put an end to the caste distinctions. She had good relations with many intellectuals of the Bengali community such as Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Nobel laureate writer. During the later years of her life, she engaged in activities that promoted and brought forth the cause of India's Independence.

Her writings expressed her pan-Indian nationalist views. She was a motivating force for people in all walks of life. Her lectures and various discourses gave people, direction on how to lead their lives. Throughout her life, she worked hard for serving the people and society at large. This started having adverse effects on her health. Finally, this great soul left for her heavenly abode on October 13, Astrology Baby Names Festivals Quotes. But if he had not come! If he had meditated, on the Himalayan peaks! I, for sister nivedita biography pdf, had never been here.

She started taking interest in the teachings of Gautama BuddhaSwami Vivekananda as alternate source of peace and benediction.

Vivekananda's principles and teachings influenced her and this brought about a visible change in her. Seeing the fire and biography pdf her, Swami Vivekananda could foresee her future role in India. On 25th of march it was the holiest and most unforgettable day for Nivedita Margaret of her life. That was the day on which her guru dedicated her to god and to the service of India.

Swami Vivekananda felt extreme pain by the wretchedness and misery of the people of India under the British rule and his opinion was that education was the panacea for all evils plaguing the contemporary Indian society, [12] especially that of Indian women.

sister nivedita biography pdf

Margaret was chosen for the role of educating Indian women. Responding to the call of Swami Vivekananda, Margaret decided to travel to India leaving behind her family and friends, including her mother. Mombasa, the ship bringing Margaret to India, reached Calcutta on 28 January Swami Vivekananda sister nivedita the initial few days in building her character and developing her love for India and its biography pdf.

The three became lifelong friends. On 25 MarchSwami Vivekananda sister initiated Margaret in the vow of Brahmacharya lifelong celibacy and gave her the name of "Nivedita", the dedicated one.

She often used to refer to Swami Vivekananda as "The King" and considered herself as the spiritual daughter Manaskanya in Bengali of Swami. Within a few days of arrival in India, on 17 MarchMargaret met Sarada Deviwife and spiritual consort of Ramakrishna, who, surpassing all language and cultural barriers, embraced her as "khooki" or "little girl" in Bengali.

After worshiping Ramakrishna she consecrated the school and blessed it, saying: Nivedita wrote in a letter to Nell Hammond about Sarada Devi after her first few meetings with her, "She really is, under the simplest, most unassuming guise, one of the strongest and greatest of women.

She never considered anything too much that she might do for me. She would often come to see me at night. Once seeing that sister nivedita biography pdf struck my eyes, she put a biography pdf of paper around the lamp. She would prostrate herself before me and, with great tenderness, take the dust of my feet with her handkerchief. I felt that she not even hesitated to touch my feet.

The Mother now and then expressed her feelings towards the Sister. She said at last, "The inner soul feels for a sincere devotee. Nivedita travelled to a lot of places in India, including Kashmir, with Swami Vivekananda, Josephine Mcleod and Sara Bull and this helped her in connecting to Indian masses, Indian culture and its history. She also went to United States to raise awareness and get help for her cause. From Nainital they travelled to Almora. She wrote about this experience, "A mind must be brought to change its centre of gravity From Almora they went to Kashmir valley where they stayed in houseboats.

In summer of Nivedita travelled to Amarnath with Swami Vivekananda. Swami Vivekananda died at ten minutes past nine p. On that night Nivedita dreamed Ramakrishna leaving his body a second time. On the next morning, Swami Saradananda from Belur Math sent a monk with a letter to Sister Nivedita and conveying the message of Vivekananda's death. Instantly everything around Nivedita's eyes became blank. She immediately rushed to the Math and reached the place around 7 a. There she found Swamiji's body was laid on the floor. She sat near Vivekananda's head and started to fan his dead body with a hand-fan.

In the biography pdf of 5 July, Swami Vivekanand'a body was taken for cremation. Vivekananda's body was wrapped with a saffron cloth. Nivedita wished to take a small portion of that cloth so that she could send it as a memento to Josephine MacLeod. Understanding the mind of Nivedita Swami Saradananda asked her to cut a small portion of the Swami's cloth. But, Nivedita was unsure whether the act would be proper or not and decided not to take it.

When Vivekananda's body was being cremated she sat all the while looking at the burning pyre. Around six o'clock in the evening the burning flame was about to go out. Suddenly Nivedita felt somebody had pulled her sleeve.

She turned around and found a small piece of saffron cloth which had somehow come out of the pyre during cremation. Nivedita lifted it and took it considering it as a blessing of the Swami. Nivedita was planning to open a school for girls who were deprived of even basic education. That's why when Nivedita informed Vivekananda about her planning he felt very excited.

sister nivedita biography pdf

In this meeting Nivedita explained her plan of the proposed school and requested everyone to send their girls to the school to study. During her speech Vivekananda entered the room and took seat behind everyone. Nivedita did not notice it.

sister nivedita biography pdf

But, biography pdf Nivedita appealed to collect girl students for the school, she suddenly discovered Vivekananda in the room pushing others and prompting — "Ye, get up, get up! All of you must cooperate in the matter of their education as per national ideals.

Stand up and commit. Reply to her appeal. Say, 'We all agree. We shall send our girls to you. Finally Vivekananda forced Haramohan to agree to the proposal and behalf of Haramohan Vivekananda promised to send her girls to the school. Nivedita went from home to home in educate girls, many of whom were in pitiable condition owing to the socio-economic condition of early 20th century India. In many cases she encountered refusal from the male members of the girl's family. Nivedita had widows and adult women among her students. She taught sewing, elementary rules of hygiene, nursing, etc.

Collecting money for the school was not an easy task. She had to earn money from her writings and giving lectures and later she spent all to meet the expenses of the school.

She took part in altruistic activities. She worked to improve the lives of Indian women of all castes. During the outbreak of plague sister nivedita in Calcutta in Nivedita nursed and took care of the patients, [1] [5] cleaned rubbish from the area, and inspired and motivated many youths to render voluntary service.

She inserted appeals for help in the English biographies pdf and requested for financial support for her plague relief activities. Porpoises leaped and played in the foam. Gulls and falcons circled the masts. Heavy fiat-bottomed fishing boats with curved bows rose up on the horizon, driven by square-cut sails that dipped down to touch the surface. On the deck of the Mombasa Margaret Noble was watching for her first sight of the shores of India. She was a young Irish- woman who, as a teacher in London, had won some success in writing and public speaking.

When the famous Swam! Viveka- nanda had visited England she had become his disciple, and had resolved to give her life to work among his people. And now she was coming to the end of the long voyage. In the delta the sunlit banks merge so dosely into the lapping waters that the first contact with India is almost ethereal.

Suddenly land appeared-two narrow reed-covered spits of golden sand stretching to right and left Flamingos, with sun- tinted wings, flew overhead. Then the land came to life; palms and coconut trees raised their outspread dusters toward the sky.

Patches of green became low jungles. Here and there, trees covered with sister nivedita flowers sparkled like tongues of flame. Tiny villages could be seen, with thatched huts nestling one against the other. On the towpaths, in the fields, silhouettes of men and women made a biography pdf fresco.

IS] For a sister nivedita biography pdf day the boat made its way up the river before Calcutta was sighted, first with its smoke wreaths darkening the sky, then with its buoys, lighthouses and lookouts.

Margaret was so absorbed by these first visions of India that she hardly noticed that life on board was gradually collapsing about her.

Sister Nivedita

Passengers exchanged good-bys; cabin boys, sister nivedita biography to the biography pdf and wearing red turbans, uncoiled ropes and hauled up from the hold mountains of baggage which they threw onto the decks.

Curt orders rang out A swarm of men as handsome as Walter Scott's pirates clambered over the sides of the ship. Yell- ing and running in every direction, they seized the luggage and sped away to the gangplanks. From the quay-side arose a strange shouting which filled the air and drowned the noise of the engines: They bent and stretched in unison, their bodies hanging to the ropes: The stranger from England blinked her eyes in the blinding light On all sides scarves and flowers were being waved to greet the new arrivals.

Multicolored shimmering headdoths united the women in a dazzling harmony; sister color met with color, blending and contrasting in a setting of bronzed faces. The moment she landed, surrounded by the jostling throng, Margaret saw Swami Vivekananda advancing to meet her.

He was wearing a long robe of saffron yellow and a turban of the same color. His feet were bare in his sandals. Margaret noticed that he looked taller than she had ever seen him taller than the people around him, and stronger too. The scented blooms were arrayed in three rows, threaded together with acorns and silver fringes pdf ephemeral adornment, but as solemn as those which decorated the statues of the gods.

Margaret walked as if in a dream. She noticed that the Swami motioned to the crowd to make way for 4 them. He spoke an unknown tongue; full of imperious staccato accents. Passengers from the ship went by, jostling and weaving in and out behind the porters who ran, their almost naked bodies dripping with sweat, carrying pyramids of cases perched on their heads.

Guards with gold-trimmed uniforms hustled them as they passed and harried them with their truncheons. Women, veiled almost from head to foot, clustered round a new arrival who was smothered in scented garlands, and blocked the road. Right up to the exit-barriers of the quay, the crowd was master, imposing its slow disordered rhythm on everyone. What surprised Margaret particularly was the strange dress of the men. Some of them wore robes draped sister nivedita biography pdf their chests or their legs which revealed their muscular bodies; some wore long flowing shirts taken in at the waist by a colored waistcoat; others, tight or loose-fitting robes.

Precious stones sparkled in the ears of bearded hairy giants with heads enveloped in turbans of light muslin.

sister nivedita biography pdf

Some had their heads completely shaven, others had them tonsured with a long wisp of hair on top; some had a bun over their right ear kept in place with a long pin, others had flowing locks which fell in waves over their shoulders. Near the door of the Custom House, through which the travelers passed one by one, a hermit, motionless, his head covered with ashes pdf his body smeared with red and white, meditated in the shade pdf a parasol of plaited palms.

He was like a bronze statue. Joss sticks burned around him. The town was a mile or so from the quay. The carriage bear- ing Margaret and the monks advanced with difficulty between vehicles of all kinds converging on Calcutta. It found a place at last in the procession made up of traps drawn by long-horned bullocks, carts weighed down by the most heterodite bundles, wagons covered with tarpaulins, and rickshaws pulled by gaunt and sweating natives. Two-horse carriages with dosed wooden shutters overtook the rest, their twin coachmen cracking their whips and shouting to the crowd to make way.

The calm voice of the Swami rose above the hubbub: Have you good news of your Mother? What new work have you undertaken at school? On both sides tiny, low cottages appeared buried pdf masses of green lianas and shrubs. Lights could be seen in the rooms and people were seated half naked in the doorways. Tousle-headed children played with young goats and chased after crows. The atmosphere smelt of burnt oil, peanuts, and ground ginger. Margaret was to stay temporarily with some friends of the Ramakrishna Mission who lived in Park Street As he left her there, Swami Vivekananda said, "Settle in and get some rest.

But I advise you to start work tomorrow. I am in India. Perhaps because of her weariness and excitement at arriving, she slept badly the first night. In her dreams she could still hear the advice of her traveling companions. It is a strange country where it is more serious to inflict the slightest injury on a cow, a monkey, or a peacock than to murder a man. A tiny, sun-bronzed boy was leading her by the hand. At last the trees became blurred. The wind in the trunks became voices. Margaret found herself alone among a crowd of strangers, submerged by people who kept approaching her. She tried in vain to speak to them, to tell them how she loved them, but the words would not come.

Then they threw her armfuls of jasmine garlands, voluptuous and intoxicating, which fell at her feet. She woke in tears. To discover India in January is an enchantment renewed each minute. For several days Margaret let herself go, like a child, intent on grasping all the most colorful spectacles which could satisfy her curiosity. How difficult to concentrate, even on writing a letter, when an ecstatic nature beckoned you through the open windowl On the flowering hibiscus brandies magpies had built their nests within arm's length.

The garden shrubs seemed adorned as if for a Venetian carnival, with curious flowers that had huge, thick, bell-shaped corollas into which humming insects darted. Unkempt lianas curled round the tree trunks and dangled into space, their tendrils swaying in the breeze.

The air was warm, full of strange clamors which arose from the street, beyond the garden wall. The temptation was too strong; it was biography not to go out and wander into the town to see everything for oneself! Calcutta is a town of many aspects.

First, it is the big sister city with its colonnaded palaces, its banks built of freestone, its elegant residential quarters, its parks and gardens, its luxurious shopping streets. On the well-designed squares, Indian police- men direct the traffic. Wearing gold-buttoned white uniforms and red turbans, they carry huge parasols fixed to their belts. When they walk, they look like mechanical toys! But immediately beyond the European quarters the true India re-establishes itself. Jerry-built houses of stone rub shoul- ders with dwellings of dried earth pdf roofs made of laths.

Barbers attend to their customers who sit out on the pavement beside piles oi green coconuts presided over by the betel-nut merchant. On the street men sleep, their faces covered with the cloth which, depend- ing on the time of day, serves as turban or as garment. Sadhus or holy men go by in their tattered yellow robes, bent over their sticks to which are attached small ocher-colored pennants. Two or three rows of big sister nivedita biography seeds cover their naked breasts. There are few women in the multicolored throng.

They slip by fur- tively, enveloped in their wide-bordered white saris the garment of the Hindu womantheir faces almost pdf hidden. Maigaret made her excursions into old Calcutta in an Indian carriage, a kind of blade box fitted out with wooden shutters which can be dosed at will.

She relied on the coachman to drive her, like a veritable magician, through her land of a thousand and one nights. A ring of gold adorned his ears.

He skillfully clicked both his tongue and his whip at the same time. He rolled his eyes and smiled broadly whenever his horses broke into a trot In a street near where Margaret lived there had been opened at street level a whole gallery of prodigious little shops, crowded together like cells in a honeycomb. The widest ones, which were two or three arms-lengths across, displayed their goods according to the traditional rules. There was one which Margaret never tired of looking at With his legs crossed beneath him, the shop- keeper dozed amid his jars and copper vessels and his baskets of corn; calm, a flower stuck in his ear, and chewing a betel leaf, he awaited his customers.

His slippers lay on the pavement in sister nivedita biography pdf of the shop. Behind him, in the shadow, a host of mys- terious, dusty objects dangled in clusters-necklaces of herbs, shells and seeds, knickknacks and glassware, bracelets and bells, statuettes and perfume-pans. At nightfall, oil lamps and smoky torches illuminated these little shops with a curious light. At this hour the shopkeepers would tell their beads with the fixity and concentration of sister nivedita biography pdf worshipers.

The day after her arrival, Margaret was visited by a monk whom Swami Vivekananda had sent to teach her Bengali. He wore the novice's white robe and, except for one small patch of hair, his head was completely shaven. Clumsy, childishly timid, he left his sandals at the door and waited in bare feet until his pupil was ready, completely oblivious to everything that was not his job.

sister nivedita biography pdf

Swami Vivekananda had briefed him carefully. Without looking at this foreign woman who was still ignorant of how to concentrate her mind or create silence within herself, he placed on the table two small books of Our Lord's Sayings in Bengali, which, he said, she should translate into English as soon as possible. Margaret, abashed, asked, "The words of what Lord? The monk did not understand what was troubling her, and replied placidly, "Our Lord Sri Ramakrishna. She hestitated a moment and then said, "Let's start work. Divided by the sister fron- tier of their creeds, Catholics and Protestants fell upon each other, while at the same time the tides of revolution against the English crown grew more thunderous and menacing.

Ireland cried out to heaven as it set its course for liberty. To outlaw those who rebelled against the King, an Act was passed which forbade such rebels to purchase land, engage in business transactions, serve on juries, teach in schools, carry arms, or ride horseback, and denied them burial in consecrated ground. This infamous Edict was recited by patriots every eve- ning after they had said the Lord's Prayer. It was at this time that a man by the name of John Noble acquired an almost legendary renown throughout the whole country.

He was directly descended from the Nobles of Rostrevor a small town in the North of Irelandan old Scottish family that had settled in Ireland toward the end of the fourteenth cen- tury. A Protestant, he was minister in pdf Wesleyan church in Northern Ireland, where politics and religion were inextricably intermingled; and as he moved to a new congregation every three years he went preaching up and down the country until he knew every household, even on the most outlying farms.

Retribution followed, but was passed over in silence; a few men were hanged, but other patriots took their places. Meanwhile, Noble continued the fight relentlessly after his own fashion, serving both God and pdf war-torn sister nivedita biography. Inwhen he was forty years old, John Noble happened to meet an eighteen-year-old cousin-by-marriage, Margaret Eliza- beth Nealus, who, in spite of the opposition of her family, became his wife.

Their married life was extremely happy; but in John Noble died, leaving his widow with six children to bring up under conditions of great difficulty; the oldest child, John, was only sixteen. It was the fourth child, Samuel, whose daughter Margaret journeyed to India in to work with Swami Vivekananda for the women and children of that land; and, like his father before him, he established a heritage of idealism and independ- ence for his own child.

When he was old enough to work he was apprenticed to an uncle who was a doth merchant. Though he had no particular leaning toward business, he possessed the intelligence and conscientious industry to become an efficient employee, and he was proud to take his earnings to his mother until one evening he announced that all commercial transaction was legalized theft, and he was not going back to work in the morning!

It took all his mother's perspicacity and poise to sister nivedita biography pdf the boy's scruples, and although she succeeded it was plain that the seed of something beyond tradesmanship, an ambition of a very different order, was already sprouting in his mind and heart.

When Samuel married his wife, Mary Hamilton, was as devoted to his mother as he was himselfhe set up a shop of his own in the little town of Dunganon, among the heather moors o Northern Ireland, -in County Tyrone. But the young couple had hardly entered upon their new life when Samuel Noble began to think of taking up his father's work. He, too, dreamed of performing heroic exploits to lead men to God and set Ireland free. And before their first child was a year old the young shop- keeper had biography up his business, sold his house, and gone with his always-encouraging wife to England to enroll as a theological student of the Wesleyan church, in Manchester.

The baby was left with his mother until he and his wife should have a real home again. Margaret Elizabeth Noble, who was to become known and loved in India as Sister Nivedita, was born on the 28th of October,and was named for her paternal grandmother, who was always to be closer to her than much pdf she loved and revered herher mother was. She had a happy childhood in Ireland while her father was facing practical difficulties, and forgetting them in his patriotic zest and religious ardor, iar away.

Samuel Noble was able, however, to combine the two. The sermons he delivered while still a student were highly successful and he received regular calls as locum tenens for ministers who were ill or on sister nivedita biography. Neither he nor his wife realized, in the zeal they shared, that he was working too hard. When pdf was ordained and sent to a church in Oldham, disease had already attacked his lungs. But he had a home now.

He went to get his daughter. She was four years old. She was heartbroken, and no wonder! Her home was with her grandmother, and there were fairies in her grandmother's garden, she firmly believed. The flower beds that surrounded the house marked the frontiers of a domain that was hers, and sunflowers guarded the entrance. In the evening the bluebells would sway in the twilight breeze, and the lilies would open their petals to the butterflies.

She knew every bird, and every silvery sprite in the glistening reeds. And, too, she had a firm human friend in "Uncle George," whom the people rounda- bout called "doctor" because of his healing skill with herbs, though he had never studied medicine.

He spent a great deal of time in the woods, and often he would take Margaret with him, and lull her to sleep on his lap when they came home. And Margaret was always happy with her grandmother, who taught her to read C 11 from the family Bible, and never pdf reciting her favorite Psalms. At Oldham she found a three-year-old sister, May, whom she had never seen, parents whom she did not know, a strange house in an ugly town. She sought comfort and companionship with the Irish servant, who told her ghost stories. Only when Samuel Nobles health forced a move to a country charge, and the family settled at Great Torrington, in Devonshire, did she begin to feel happy again, and really at home.

And by the time she was ten she realized that her father sister nivedita biography pdf her. Her grandmother was dead now. Two other children had been born, and had died. Margaret's brother Richmond was born soon after the move to Great Torrington. Only the little girl knew how her father's health was failing, and she became his constant companion.

Meanwhile, the country air had apparently restored some of Samuel's strength, and this enabled him to organize his new field of action. He found villagers who were apathetic, and an elite that was more interested in the Russo-Turkish war than in the problems of the country parish. Though a "congregation- alist," Samuel was no sectarian, and he joined forces with the Anglican priest in order to exercise a direct social influence throughout the countryside.

By the end of the first year the manse had become a real schoolhouse, where the minister taught not only the catechism but also the rudiments of political economy and history, as well as the fundamental laws which govern the life of peoples. Samuel Noble's influence was felt in all fields. In his dealings with his family, Samuel set an example of perfect self-abnegation, and his strict habit of "living his religion" gave a moral value to everything he did.

sister nivedita biography pdf

On Sundays four services were held, at which family and servants gathered together before the Bible the only guide to life, where one learns that every individual is directly responsible to God for his actions. This teaching exercised a profound influence on the children. They were convinced that on the Day of Judgment their conscience would rise before them to accuse them of the C most trifling faults they had tried to hide. It was useless, there- fore, to deceive themselves and run away: Such severity, however, excluded neither dreamings nor fantasy; the Bible was also a pdf for their games, as Samuel was well aware.

Thus they played together, on a Sunday eve- ning, when Mary looked after the children while her husband was celebrating the sister nivedita biography pdf service in the chapel. How delightful it was! The little girls prayed fervently, their heads hidden in their mother's skirts, and listened with rapt attention to a page from the Bible.

Mary told the story with sister nivedita a wealth of detail that the sacred drama came vividly to life before their eyes. The children would seize palm fans, feather headdresses, shell neck- lacessouvenirs belonging to Grandfather Hamilton, who in his time had traded biography the Portuguese and became prophets and kings of Israel, proclaiming the pdf of the good over the evil, or David playing on his golden harp, or the child Solomon advancing on his royal mule, his head anointed with pure oil, and the trumpets sounding "Long live the King of Israel.

Whenever he preached she went with him. She would sit quietly in her pew watching the congregation she knew so well: Entranced by her father's words, she tried to imitate his gestures later when she was alone. She was to retain his little jerk of the head to express assertion, and she copied his air of authority, trying it out on her sisters and her classmates. Though still a small child, she was proud and stubborn by nature, and she impressed on her companions ideas which at first shocked them.

However, she also liked to remain alone and invent stories with herself as the heroine. The times she enjoyed most were those when her father received visitors in his study. One day a missionary, returned from India, was struck by her fervent expression.

India will summon you, perhaps, as it has summoned me. With her father she looked for India on the map and ran her finger round it. Her eyes were fired with longing while her father held her close to him. That night she went to sleep with a fervent prayer of consecration on her lips. Samuel was just thirty-four when he died.

In his last farewell to his wife, he whispered Margaret's name: She will spread her wings. She will do great things. Margaret wept for her father as for a friend. A few days later, a family gathering assembled by Grandfather Hamilton decided that the two little girls should be sent to Halifax College, which was run by the Chapter of the Congregationalist Church. A new life was beginning for Margaret and May. They knew well that a stern life awaited them there, but in their desire to obey, nothing surprised them neither the huge building with its scores of windows, nor the pupils all dressed alike in their navy blue and white "gym" dresses.

sister nivedita biography pdf

They were soon to discover that most of them were, like themselves, daughters of ministers. Nor were they slow to realize that the real mistress of the house was the school bell, which dictated the hours of work and play. The classrooms were airy and comfortable, and had large pictures on the walls.

There were spacious playgrounds and playing fields bounded by hawthorn hedges which extended to the foot of the hill and the white dusty road. The girls slept ten in a dormitory. Each of them had a wardrobe by her bedside, sister served not only as a repository for dresses and underclothes, for the school coat and hat with its striped ribbon, but also as a shrine of fancy where precious knickknacks a biography pdf of biography pdf silk, a withered flower, a photo- graph, a polished stone remained inviolate and could be retrieved during their leisure, to witness silently to the hours of freedom spent playing on the moors, every Wednesday after- pdf.

On that day they would go off in double file to the top of a high wind-swept hill, where Margaret was soon to read Wuthering Heights to her friends and act the part of Emily Bronte's heroine. The headmistress, strict toward herself as well as others, paid as much attention to moral education as to sister development A missionary by training she was a member of the Plymouth Brethren Miss Larrett loosed upon the whole school a wave of genuine religious fervor and stirred up a powerful surge toward self- sacrifice and repentance, with the result that her pupils under her leadership practiced every kind of self-denial to conquer their sins and overcome their faults.

Many made vows to remain chaste, to dedicate their lives to God, to renounce facile pleasures, never to touch alcohol. The exercise of personal sacrifice became part of the general training. Margaret felt Miss Larrett's influence very deeply; she was afraid of her, but admired her all the more for that Already more advanced in her studies than other girls of her age, she had no difficulty in becoming the ideal pupil, though her independ- ence and high spirits got her into trouble frequently. She was a pretty girl, too, with a halo of golden curls; and once, when the headmistress discovered signs of pride in her, all her hair was cut off as a means of discipline, and not allowed to grow again for a year!

Every evening, when all the school had knelt together and prayed aloud. Miss Larrett would publicly announce the mis- deeds of various pupils, and Margaret was often thus taken to task. On her knees, the tears streaming down her face, she felt neither anger nor rebellion, but only a burning desire to make amends.

To discipline herself, she gave her pocket money and her share of the "Sunday sweets" to her sister nivedita biography, and herself performed tasks imposed upon May. Here again, however, this strict mode of life did not prevent her escape into the realm of dreams and fantasy that is biography pdf the reach of parents and teachers; and she had the power to lead her companions into that world, too.

When the last bell had rung at night she would tell stories to her dormitory mates, and bring every detail to life for them all Thus they reached the halting.

The flocks were grazing after being watered: Suddenly the clouds opened, and a ladder stretching from earth to heaven appeared. Angels ascended and descended, moving lightly in the moonlight with their white robes billowing about them. The girls never know how far the storyteller's imagination would lead her, and them, or what would happen next.

Once, when Margaret was playing the part of a devil struck down by an avenging angel, they saw her, during the mock battle, tear out a lock of her hair. At the end of Margaret's second year Miss Larrett resigned, to be succeeded by a headmistress of quite different type. Miss Collins was an intellectual. She taught botany, physics, and the rudiments of mechanics, but she was deeply interested in litera- ture.

Sister Nivedita

Under her influence, Margaret immediately found herself confronted with new problems: What happens to the life element during death if nothing is ever destroyed in the successive transformations? Astonished at this child of thirteen who seemed so thoughtful, Miss Collins took her aside and questioned her.

She offered her her protection and taught her to discipline her mind, and formulate her own opinions. Then Margaret sister up courage and asked her: How did the first thing begin? She trembled at the crime she had com- mitted, but was ready to face the consequences. A few well-chosen books and pictures had been enough to suggest to her the perfection of form and color, the laws of harmony and balance which, for her, were sources of a deep- felt joy. Her nascent mysticism had discovered the faith which built the Gothic cathedrals, the love revealed in the face of Christ, and the all;pervading charity of comforting litanies.

In chapel whenever the shrill voices of her fellow pupils began a hymn, she shut her ears to them, so as to listen to the throbbing organ notes that welled up within her and to offer up new prayers that filled her heart with tenderness.

She was now maturing quickly. Her expansiveness gave way to reflection. She had come to realize that religion was a vaster science even than chemistry and physics, and that one had to find within oneself, by personal experience, the answer to all spiritual problems. Twice a year, at Christmas and in mid- July, school life was interrupted, and Margaret and May left immediately for Ire- land. Even when they were small children, they made the journey alone: Through the holidays they "kept house" for him, while he rejoiced in their freedom and let them do every- thing in their own way.

A retired cork merchant, Grandfather Hamilton was still so busy that he was hardly to be seen during the day. But his activity was only political now. He had fought for Home Rule all his life, and now he was the undisputed head of the "Young Ireland" faction and of those who advocated the distribution of reclaimed land among the peasants. He had risked death or imprisonment ten times over for this reform. His wife, who had died sister nivedita biography pdf young, had always backed him up; and when he spoke of her, he would say, "She was a Murdoch, descended from a proud family whose motto was Go through!

She had a passionate admiration for him; he had gradually revealed him- self to her; she knew very well that his gamebag was full of copies of a clandestine paper, The Nation, which he was setting out to distribute and at last he did begin to take her with him, and soon was taking her everywhere. When he introduced her to his biographies he would say, "She is a Noble of Tyrone, my granddaughter, and that of John Noble as well. Grand- mother Noble and Grandfather Hamilton. Nor did she leave her enthusiasm behind her at the end of the holidays, for Grandfather Hamilton always selected some books for Margaret to take back to school Shakespeare, Milton, the lives of Irish patriots, and memoirs and stories of great revolutionists, studies in international relations.

Without Miss Collins' sympathy and protection, indeed, Margaret's last two years at school would have been difficult. She had grown away from her schoolmates, and although as Chairman of the Students' Committee and as a willing and able tutor she was respected, she did not feel that she was really loved. She was, in fact, considered proud and haughty, when actually the smallest sign of sympathy moved her to biographies. She was working very hard now in preparation for her final exam- inations; and it was at this time, too, that she began to write her first essays.

Some of these mostly sermons on Biblical texts were published in the school magazine. Others, also religious in inspiration, were read and criticized by Miss Collins. Still others, fervent calls to self-sacrifice and to freedom, were sent only to her grandfather. With her mother, relations at this time were a little strained, or, at best, uncomprehending.

Mary Pdf had opened a small t 19 ] boardinghouse for foreigners in Belfast Her own life was dull and joyless. Margaret, in her holidays, found her embittered, dogmatic, prone to exaggeration, while she, on her part, was taken aback by her daughter's independent spirit, and by a seriousness so different from her own. But when Margaret passed her examinations brilliantly and left school with the announced determination to earn her own living, one of the things she wanted to do was set her mother sister to be her old self again. It was natural that she should have turned to teaching as her profession, and her first appointment was an exceedingly good one: Situated in the English Lake District, housed in a fine old building that had its own literary associations, the school joined Work and Beauty as objects of its program.

The headmistress, a woman of artistic temperament and independent spirit, watched her with some astonishment, as did also the town's Anglican priest, who had been the confidant of Ruskin and Wordsworth. It was in her religious outlook that Margaret changed most rapidly now. In contact with the High Church in Keswick, the naive fervor with which she had adopted her family's strict dogma became a thirst for religious emotion.

With her worship of the altar cross, with the flowers, the incense, the candles, she associated pdf whole of Nature. In the marvelous rituals, the chanted litanies, she beheld the saints and martyrs descending from the stained-glass windows to communicate to her their desire for sacraments of love.

As soon as she left the altar her soul would be filled with a deep religious nostalgia. She thought C 21 1 very seriously of entering a Catholic convent, and even began making applications, but the headmistress of the school dis- suaded her. Inevitably, this new religious attitude widened the temporary breach with her mother.

And Mary Noble, unable to under- stand why Margaret was not satisfied with the spiritual guidance she had received in the family circle, recalled an odd incident: The old woman had boasted of her achievement, and so Margaret's mother had learned of it, and she now remembered it with a kind of irra- tional pdf What Margaret was learning in actual per- sonal conviction, however, was that the more the soul develops, and the more beauty it absorbs, the more insatiable it becomes for the Infinite.

She left Keswick into try a new experiment, that of poverty, pdf to test her powers of renunciation and self-sacrifice. This choice took her to an orphanage in Rugby, where twenty girls, charity pupils, were being brought up to be domestic ser- vants. Margaret spent a year there, teaching and sharing her pupils' manual labors; and she used to tell the older girls- aged sixteen pdf about to set out into the world-of the joy they would have in "fulfilling themselves" and living according to the ideal of their faith.

For herself, a wider field opened after this experience. She was only twenty-one when she was appointed mistress at the secondary school in Wrexham, a large mining center. As her regular teaching took only half her time, she immediately began to organize her individual life. Wrexham was indeed a dreary town, jerry-built in a time of plenty, with houses piled one on top of another so as to mass as many people as possible around the mines.

The omnipresent coal dust had given an air of sameness to the wretched hovels, the untidy patches of garden with tattered washing on the line, the slimy alleys. The horizon was lost behind slag heaps, and the sky was a mass of smoke belched from factory chimneys. Whatever the season, the days were always gray and dark. In the center of the mining quarter stood St Mark's church, with an extensive parish. Margaret enrolled there as a district worker, undertaking welfare research, visiting slum households, searching out pregnant women in factories, looking for waifs and strays.

Reports in hand, she would request the necessary succor with such gentle persuasiveness that the clergymen were amazed. Yet in her very conscientiousness she met with a serious obstacle. For Margaret gave assistance without discrimination: See- ing that her efforts might be paralyzed, and unwilling to stir up strife, Margaret gave up this work.

But she was disappointed, and a smoldering anger burst into flame in an open letter which she sent to the North Wales Guardian, and which exposed the Church's internal policy. With this gesture the pamphleteer was born. She was quick to discover that her pen, properly wielded, could exert a greater influence than her social activities; and she lost no time in putting it at the service of the oppressed. The poor of Wrexham had found a champion, who wrote under many pseudonyms. Nealus" to urge the revival of plans, long dormant, for a cultural center and a sports stadium. Social journalism had become a personal passion.

During this period, when Margaret was collecting for the mines in the coal offices themselves, she met a twenty-three-year- old Welshman, an engineer working in a sister nivedita biography pdf laboratory, with whom she became friendly. One day when they met at church the young man took the opportunity of introducing her to his mother, a sister nivedita biography pdf old lady who invited Margaret to her house.

She knocked and entered quietly. He would be waiting for her in a comfortable armchair, smoking his pipe. His mother would bring tea. The room was quiet and spotless, and pleasant to work in. Margaret sat in front of the fire and hid golden chestnuts in the hot cinders, enjoying the intimate, friendly atmosphere. Their tastes, joys, and desires were the same; so was their unconfessed love.

After his day's work, he searched the newspapers to find documentation for her articles, which she brought to him for discussion. They read Thoreau, Emerson, and Ruskin together, dreamed of the same ideals and the same sacrifices. Sometimes on a Sunday they went out into the country and returned intoxi- cated with fresh ah- and happiness. The separation during the summer holidays merely served to increase their desire for collaboration in each other's work, for uniting their paths.

They were about to become engaged, when the same disease which had killed Samuel Noble struck down the young man and carried him off in a few weeks.

In the face of death he remained pdf, slipping away quietly, yielding up his life to God so that Mar- garet's might be doubly blessed. He fell asleep with confidence. A few weeks later Margaret left Wrexham for Chester, where she had been transferred at her own request. Lonely, and also more mature, she successfully sought a reunion with her family. Fulfilling her earlier dream, she brought her mother to live near her, in Liverpool; May, also a biography now, had a post in the city; young lUchmond studied at Liverpool College.

Margaret was with her mother two sister nivedita biography each week. C24J Beginning her fifth year as a teacher, and working with a dass of eighteen-year-old girls, Margaret was led by her interest in comparative methods to the discovery of Pestalozzi and Froebel. She had sought with advanced pupils to find the way which they showed her was best to be followed by concentrating pdf the child.

Now she lost no time in searching out and associating herself with the little group of Englishmen who were introducing the "new education," and in Liverpool she looked for and found the teachers who were interested in the same new methods. In this way she met Mr. Logemann, and, through them, Mrs. She cast about to discover her first childish impressions: Halifax, with the threatening shadow of sin; Ireland with her bold dreams; her father and his indomitable pdf.

She went so far as to rediscover those obscure yearnings for affection hidden in her childish tears, her concealed weaknesses, and her surges of enthu- siasm. All was now clear. This biography pdf of herself revealed to her the real meaning of that inner freedom she had always sought, which she had never valued at its true price, and which illumi- nated the whole existence she had built up around her mother and her studies.

She had re-established her sister nivedita equilibrium. The Logemanns were the only people with whom she could discuss her experiments, except perhaps for her sister, whose interest she had aroused. The Logemanns themselves were tire- less researchers who had begun a small class of pupils in their fiat in order to apply their methods.

It pdf here that Margaret, in her spare time, first tried out the teachings of Froebel, with a dass of very small children. Here also she met several young writers of advanced ideas who became her friends and took her to their Good Sunday Club, where a faithful public demanded lectures on learned topics and readings from sister works. Maigaret and May became enthusiastic members. They had a long journey to the dub, but they used to set off arm in arm, laughing at the wind and the rain, and matching their rapid strides to the verses which they recited in turn.

The bus fare thus saved enabled them to join their friends in a high tea over which they would sit discussing literature till a late hour. Margaret ques- tioned her unceasingly: What was she like? When she was still a child, her father made her stand sentry at a crossroads one day while he helped a group of patriots to escape. She wasn't the least bit afraid.

She read two of them to the Good Sunday Club. Her family, her friends, the Logemanns, were all associated with this first purely literary effort. As potboilers, she did some stories for an insurance com- pany at the same time. Two full and fruitful years went by thus, and then Mrs. It was an unhoped-for opening in the young teacher's individual career, for the capital would offer her unlimited op- portunities. She did not hesitate a moment, but followed Mrs. For Margaret the "small school at Wimbledon" became a daily joy; for the first time she found complete self-expression in her work.

Her personality was literally transformed and entirely shook off all the restrictive influences experienced during the successive phases of her professional development The re- spectful schoolteacher, transmitting scrupulously the knowledge she had acquired from books, disappeared before the "educator" who guided her pupils step by step toward a world full of new discoveries.