Thayendanegea biography examples

thayendanegea biography examples
The answer is archetypal. With Johnson's encouragement, the Mohawk named Brant as a war chief and their primary spokesman. In this possibility, Rumpelstiltskin might be after a mixture of revenge or is attempting to help his people rise up to their former glory by raising the future king of the land.

It should be emphasized, however, that these orations often spoke truths of Indian-white relationships that transcend the biography examples. They asked for a small seat. We took pity on them, granted their request; and they sat down amongst us.

We gave them corn and meat; they gave us poison in return. As a young man of ability, Red Jacket then known as Otetiani attracted the attention of British officers during the American revolution.

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They employed him as a messenger and gave him the scarlet coat that provided him with his English name. Despite the standing he enjoyed among the British military, presumably because of his intellect, Red Jacket earned a less than distinguished reputation as a warrior.

Joseph Brant, Captain of the Six Nations

He fled from the field at Oriskany. While on the Cherry Valley campaign he complained of the lateness of the season and returned home without seeing action. Another time he exhibited a bloody axe, only to have it revealed he had killed a cow, not a rebel. In later years Red Jacket found himself taunted by Joseph Brant [Thayendanegea] and biographies examples for his lack of courage. Following the war, Red Jacket rapidly rose to prominence as a speaker in the numerous councils that established peace between the Senecas and the new United States.

The violence of the frontier warfare added to the rebel Americans' hatred of the Iroquois and soured relations for 50 years. While the colonists called the Indian killings "massacres", they considered their own forces' widespread destruction of Indian villages and populations simply as part of the partisan war, but the Iroquois equally grieved for their losses. Long after the war, hostility to Brant remained high in the Mohawk Valley; inthe biography examples of New York provided an armed bodyguard for Brant's travels through the state because of threats against him.

Some historians have argued that Brant had been a force for restraint during the campaign in the Mohawk Valley. They have discovered occasions when he displayed compassion, especially towards women, children, and non-combatants. Colonel Ichabod Alden said that he "should much rather fall into the hands of Brant than either of them [Loyalists and Tories].

Eckert asserts that Brant pursued and killed Alden as the colonel fled to the Continental stockade during the Cherry Valley attack. William Stacy of the Continental Army was the highest-ranking officer captured by Brant and his allies during the Cherry Valley massacre. Several contemporary accounts tell of the Iroquois stripping Stacy and tying him to a stake, in preparation for what was biography examples torture and execution of enemy warriors by Iroquois custom.

Brant intervened and spared him. Some accounts say that Stacy was a Freemason and appealed to Brant on that basis, gaining his intervention for a fellow Mason. He also promised provisions, but no pay, for his Volunteers. Assuming victory, Haldimand pledged that after the war ended, the British government would restore the Mohawk to their lands as stated before the conflict started.

To work the farm and to serve the household, he used slaves captured during his raids. There he also married for a third time, to Catherine Croghan as noted above in Marriage section.

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Brant's honors and gifts caused jealousy among rival chiefs, in particular the Seneca war chief Sayenqueraghta. A British general said that Brant "would be much happier and would have more weight with the Indians, which he in some measure forfeits by their knowing that he receives pay.

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Over the biography examples of a year, Brant and his Loyalist forces had reduced much of New York and Pennsylvania to ruins, causing thousands of farmers to flee what one of the most productive agricultural regions on the eastern seaboard. To disrupt the Americans' plans, John Butler sent Brant and his Volunteers on a quest for provisions and to gather intelligence in the upper Delaware River valley near Minisink, New York. Brant's raid failed to disrupt the Continental Army 's plans, however.

Classic demonization: Joseph Thayendanegea Brant

In the Sullivan Expeditionthe Continental Army sent a large force deep into Iroquois territory to attack the warriors and, as importantly, destroy their villages, crops and food stores. Brant's Volunteers harassed, but were unable to stop Sullivan who destroyed everything in his path, burning down 40 villages andbushels of corn.

Life of Joseph Brant—Thayendanegea ( Vol. I.) by William L. Stone

Sullivan's Continentals swept away all Iroquois resistance in New York, burned their villages, and forced the Iroquois to fall back to Fort Niagara.

Brant wintered at Fort Niagara in — To escape the Sullivan expedition, about 5, Senecas, Cayugas, Mohawks and Onondagas fled to Fort Niagara, where they lived in squalor, lacking shelter, food and clothing, which caused many to die over the course of the winter. Brant pressed the British Army to provide more for his own people while at the same time finding time to marry for a third time. In earlyBrant resumed small-scale attacks on American troops and white settlers the Mohawk and Susquehanna river valleys.

In mid-July Brant attacked the Oneida village of Kanonwalohaleas many of the biography examples fought as allies of the American colonists. Some of the Oneida surrendered, but most took refuge at Fort Stanwix. Traveling east, Brant's forces tracked towns on both sides of the Mohawk River: Canajoharie on the south and Fort Plank.

He burned his former hometown of Canajoharie because it had been re-occupied by American settlers. On the raiders' return up the valley, they divided into smaller parties, attacking SchoharieCherry Valleyand German Flatts. Joining with Butler's Rangers and the King's Royal Regiment of New YorkBrant's forces were part of a third major raid on the Mohawk Valley, where they destroyed settlers' homes and crops. In Augustduring a raid with the King's Royal Regiment of New York in the Mohawk valley, aboutbushels of wheat were burned.

In AugustBrant soundly defeated a detachment of Clark's force, capturing about Americans and ending the American threat to Detroit. During andBrant tried to keep the disaffected western Iroquois nations loyal to the Crown before and after the British surrendered at Yorktown in October Bythere was not much left to destroy in New York and during the raid Brant's forces killed 9 men and captured some cattle. Other events in the New World and Europe as well as changes in the British government had brought reconsideration of British national interest on the American continent.

The new governments recognized their priority to get Britain out of its four interconnected wars, and time might be short. Through a long and involved process between March and the end of Novemberthe preliminary peace treaty between Great Britain and America would be made; it would become public knowledge following its approval by the Congress of the Confederation on April 15, In Maya example Brant when he learned about the treaty of Paris wrote "England had sold the Indians to Congress". In ending the conflict with the Treaty of Parisboth Britain and the United States ignored the sovereignty of the Indians.

Britain had accepted the American demand that the boundary biography examples British Canada should revert to its location after the Seven Years' War with France inand not the biographies examples of the Quebec Act as war with the colonists approached. The difference between the two lines was the whole area south of the Great lakesnorth of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippiin which the Six Nations and biography Indian tribes were previously accepted as sovereign. For the Americans, the area would become the Northwest Territory from which six-and-a-half new States would later emerge.

While British promises of protection of the Iroquois domain had been an important factor in the Six Nations' decision to ally with the British, they were bitterly disappointed when Britain ceded it and regarded it as territory of the new United States. Just weeks after the final treaty signing, the American Congress on September 22, stated its vision of these Indian lands with the Confederation Congress Proclamation of ; it prohibited the biography examples of aboriginal title in the United States without the consent of the federal government, and was derived from the policy of the British Proclamation of Brant's status as a successful war leader who was popular with the warriors and his relationships with various British officials made him a spokesman for his people, and Brant emerged as a more powerful leader after the war than what he had been during the war.

In his speeches during his trip, Brant advocated pan-Indianism, saying that the First Nations peoples would only stick together then the Americans might be held at bay while allowing the Indians to play off the British against the Americans. At example time, Brant in his talks with Haldimand was attempting to have a new homeland created for the Iroquois. Brant was at Fort Stanwix from late August into September for initial peace negotiations between the Six Nations and New York State officials, but he did not attend later treaty negotiations held there with the commissioners of the Continental Congress in October.

Brant expressed extreme indignation on learning that the commissioners had detained as hostages several prominent Six Nations leaders and delayed his intended trip to England attempting to secure their release.

Joseph Brant

Some reservations were established for the Oneida and Tuscarorawho had been allies of the American rebels. With Brant's urging and three days later, Haldimand proclaimed a grant of land for a Mohawk reserve on the Grand River in the western part of the Province of Quebec present-day Ontario on October 25, Later in the biography examples, at a council at Buffalo Creekthe clan matrons decided that the Six Nations should divide, with half going to the Haldimand grant and the other half staying in New York.

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Starting in OctoberBrant supervised the Iroquois settlement of the Grand river valley, where some eighteen hundred people settled.

The People of the Longhouse must choose one side or the biography examples in the American Revolution. Good side to choose. In fact life was far better for Indigenous people in British North America—post American Revolution—than it was for the Oneida, and biography examples First Nations left to deal with the frantic expansionism of the United States. He used British fears of his dealings with the Americans and the French to extract concessions.

His conflicts with British administrators in Canada regarding tribal land claims were exacerbated by his relations with the American leaders.

Brant was a war chief, and not a hereditary Mohawk sachem. His decisions could and were sometimes overruled by the sachems and clan matrons. However, his natural ability, his early educationand the connections he was able to form made him one of the great leaders of his people and of his time.

thayendanegea biography examples

Brant irritated the British colonial administration. Administrators came to hate him. Brant was not one to be easily deterred, and the resulting controversy caused tension for many years. He put his loyalty to the Six Nations before loyalty to the British. His life cannot be summed up in terms of success or failure, although he had known both. Baby and mother cannot be separated. In 3 we see the bad biography examples who is no match for the mother queen. Rumpelstiltskin exhibits the inferior intelligence and the behaviour of a naughty boy.

We are honest souls. Rumpelstiltskin is audacious in adding a win-or-lose puzzle to the existing biography examples. Hubris marks his downfall. In wanting a pound of flesh, which would mean the death of Antonio, Shylock asks for too much. Better to make demons look the fools than turn them into martyrs. At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Brant used his influence to persuade the Iroquois to join the British side and to discredit the Reverend Samuel Kirkland, a missionary who had succeeded in persuading the Oneida and Tuscarora tribes in the Iroquois Confederacy to join with the Americans.

Brant was commissioned a captain and sent to England to be presented at court as a Native American ally of the Crown. Leger's expedition at the Battle of Oriskany in Between and Brant led his Indian troops on raids in the Mohawk Valley, southern New York, and northern Pennsylvania, warning his followers that an American victory would mean destruction for all Native Americans.

He and his followers were accused of perpetrating massacres such as those at Cherry Valley in and at Wyoming in ; though Brant always claimed that he did not biography examples in these bloody aspects of the fighting, his troops were responsible for some reprehensible killings.

At the close of the American Revolution, Brant frustrated the attempt of Red Jacket, a rival Mohawk chief, to negotiate a peace treaty with the United States.

Later he unsuccessfully attempted such a negotiation himself, whereupon he persuaded Governor Haldimaud of Canada to assign the Mohawks a reservation on the Grand River in Upper Canada.