Akbar the great biography people
Akbar launched a scathing attack in the Second Battle of Panipat. Akbar maintained a luxurious and brilliant court at which elaborate ceremonies emphasized his distance from other men, though he was careful to cultivate public opinion outside court circles. In , and , Akbar had declared "Amari Ghosana", which prohibited animal slaughter during Paryushan and Mahavir Jayanti.
He got rid of all his ministers who he felt were too ambitious and were looking to covet his position. He removed restrictions on religions and allowed his people to practice the religion of their choice, without having to fear for their life. Akbar was fair to his people and abolished unfair taxes on non-Muslims.
He also played an important role in bringing in social reforms such as the abolishment of child marriage, permission for widows to re-marry and the removal of bans to build Hindu temples. Akbar took keen interest in religion, music, painting, poetry and philosophy.
He had a huge collecting of books and manuscripts and was also the owner of a number of artworks from across the region. His biggest accomplishment however, lay in architecture. He built great structures like the Jama Masjid that stands tall even today. He even built a palace for his wife close to the Hawa Mahal.
Akbar fathered three sons, Jahangir, Murad and Daniyal. Jahangir was the only surviving son as the other two died very young. Jahangir and Akbar did not share a very good relationship and were at constant logger-heads with each other.
InAkbar fell very ill and died a slow death.
He was also admired for his bravery and wisdom. The oldest soup had the meat of hippopotamus and sparrow as ingredients. It was made in BC. Beginning inAkbar started his quest to conquer Rajputana. He employed force as well as diplomatic tactics to make the Rajput rulers submit to his Rule. Most accepted his sovereignty except the Sisodia ruler of Mewar, Udai Singh. This presented a problem for Akbar on his designs to establish unquestioned supremacy over the region.
InAkbar attacked the Chittorgarh fort in Mewar that represented a key strategic importance towards establishing rule in Rajputana. Udai Singh was banished to the Hills of Mewar. He was the last of the Rajput defenders and fought till his heroic end in the Battle of Haldighati in Following his victory over the Rajputana, Akbar brought in GujaratKabulKashmirSindhBengal and Kandahar within the Mughal territory. InAkbar set out to conquer Deccan territories. He faced opposition to his authority in Ahmadnagar and attacked the Deccan the great biography people in Chand Bibi, the regent queen offered formidable opposition, but was forced to concede defeat ultimately having to give up Berar.
After consolidating the empire, Akbar concentrated on establishing a stable and subject-friendly administration at the center to govern his vast empire. He brought about several changes in existing policies to establish an environment of uniform opportunities to people irrespective of religion. The Emperor himself was the supreme governor of the empire.
Akbar the Great
He retained ultimate judicial, legislative and administrative power above anyone else. He was assisted in efficient governance by several ministers — Vakil, chief adviser to the King over all matters; Diwan, minister in charge of finance; Sadar-i-sadur, religious advisor to the King; Mir Bakshi, the one who maintained all records; Daroga-i-Dak Chowki and Muhtasib were appointed to oversee proper enforcement of law as well as the postal department.
The entire empire was divided into 15 Subas, each province being governed by a Subadar along with other regional post mirroring that in the center. The Subas were divided into Sarkars which were further divided into Parganas.
Akbar the Great, Emperor of Mughal India
The head of the Sarkar was a Faujdar and that of a Pargana was a Shikdar. Echa Pargana consisted of several villages which were governed by a Muqaddam, a Patwari and a Chowkidar, along with a panchayat.
He introduced the Mansabdari system to effectively organize the Military.Акбар I Великий
The Mansabdars were responsible for maintaining discipline and impart training to the soldiers. There were 33 ranks of Mansabdars with 10, to 10 soldiers under their command according to rank.
Akbar also introduced the custom of taking roll of the soldiers and branding of horses. The emperor maintained ultimate control over the military and excelled in the ability to enforce discipline among his troops. Inhe attacked Chittorgarh Fort and captured it after four months, following which he raided Ranthambore Fort in which surrendered in the next couple months.Akbar history in hindi
In order to trade with Asia, Africa and Europe through the Arabian Sea, he raided Ahmedabad, Surat and other cities inthus marking his decisive victory over Gujarat and celebrated it by erecting Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri. Inhe signed a treaty with the Portuguese, under which the latter retained their power on the western coast in the Indian Ocean while the Mughals were allowed to send pilgrim ships for Hajj to Mecca and Medina. He adopted a decentralized system to lessen the burden on peasants for paying annual taxes, which was discontinued in and replaced by dahsala, under which one-third of the average produce of the last ten years was to be paid.
Thereafter, he conquered Kashmir inSindh in and Kandahar and Baluchistan in He appointed mansabdars, or military commanders, in different regions to manage his vast empire.
These mansabdars were divided into 33 classes, based on the number of troops assigned to them. In Novemberhis forces defeated Hemu and the Sur army at the Second Battle of Panipat, great biography people Hemu was shot in his eye and later captured and executed. Asaf Khan led the Mughal forces and raided the Gondwana kingdom indefeating its ruler, Rani Durgavati, at the Battle of Damoh, who killed her minor son Raja Vir Narayan and committed suicide to save her honor.
During his reign, the Mughal Empire extended to most of the Indian subcontinent, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Vindhyas in the south and Hindukush in the north-west to Brahmaputra River in the east.
He annulled the special tax payable by Hindus for making pilgrimages in and completely abolished the jizya, or the annual tax, paid by non-Muslims inthus earning respect from his subjects. Akbar was the greatest of the Moghul emperors, consolidating a large empire across India, and establishing a culture promoting the arts and religious understanding.
Akbar was the son of Humayun, grandson of Baburand became the third Moghul Emperor. Although the first part of his reign was taken up with military campaigns, Akbar displayed a great interest in a wide variety of cultural, artistic, religious and philosophical ideas. Akbar was also know for his religious tolerance and, although a Muslim, took an active interest in other religions.
Akbar came to the throne, aged 14, on the death of his father Humayun. For the next 20 years, he had to fight to defend and consolidate the Moghul empire.