Nirattisai kaljaruek biography definition
The biographer, particularly the biographer of a contemporary, is often confronted with an ethical problem: The densest of these works, completely dominated by fact, have small appeal except to the specialist.
The Times Literary Supplement They are as well worth reading as the biographical works under review and much better history than the previous biographies published.
The Times Literary Supplement It is a great new form of literature: Times, Sunday Times No doubt the trustees and senior executives are worthy people - their biographies suggest they are.
Times, Sunday Times So it is with biography and particularly royal biography, a genre that does not suffer from publishing neglect. The Times Literary Supplement Loaded with anecdotes from their crazy early days, this biography features eyewitness accounts telling the story of the band. The Sun He said he would, but there were three more volumes of his biography and accompanying document collections to complete first.
Definition of 'biography'
The Times Literary Supplement It began inthe year that his biography was published. Times, Sunday Times These biographies are inevitably peopled by classy actorsbut too often they are achingly dullconventional cinema.
Times, Sunday Times But I managed to correct and amplify an account of his biography and biography definition sufficiently to provide a decent introduction to that edition. The Times Literary Supplement But there is also a kind of melancholy that sweeps over me when I read the biographies of persons who did not finish the race. Christianity Today I think it's like the whole history of Italian art in the biography of one person.
Biography is all about cutting people down to size. Materials are freely invented, scenes and conversations are imagined; unlike the previous category, this class often depends almost entirely upon secondary sources and cursory research.
Its authors, well represented on the paperback shelves, have created a hybrid form designed to mate the appeal of the novel with a vague claim to authenticity. Whereas the compiler of biographical information the first category risks no involvement, the fictionalizer admits no limit to it.
The sixth and final category is outright fiction, the biography definition written as biography or autobiography. It has enjoyed brilliant successes. Such works do not masquerade as lives; rather, they imaginatively take the place of biography where perhaps there can be no genuine life writing for lack of materials. The diary form of autobiography was amusingly used by George and Weedon Grossmith to tell the trials and tribulations of their fictional character Charles Pooter in The Diary of a Nobody Some novels-as-biography, using fictional names, are designed to evoke rather than re-create an actual life, such as W.
In these works the art of biography has become the servant of other interests. Autobiography, like biography, manifests a wide variety of forms, beginning with the intimate writings made during a life that biography definition not intended or apparently not intended for publication. Broadly speaking, the order of this category represents a scale of increasingly self-conscious revelation.
Collected letters, especially in carefully edited modern editions such as W. The 15th-century Paston Letters constitute an invaluable chronicle of the web of daily life woven by a tough and vigorous English family among the East Anglian gentry during the Wars of the Roses; the composer Mozart and the poet Byron, in quite different ways, are among the most revealing of letter writers.
Diarists have made great names for themselves out of what seems a humble branch of literature. To mention only two, in the 20th century the young Jewish girl Anne Frank created such an biography definition by her recording of narrow but intense experience that her words were translated to stage and screen; while a comparatively minor figure of 17th-century England, Samuel Pepys —he was secretary to the navy—has immortalized himself in a diary that exemplifies the chief qualifications for this kind of writing—candour, zest, and an unselfconscious enjoyment of self.
These are autobiographies that usually emphasize what is remembered rather than who is remembering; the author, instead of recounting his life, deals with those experiences of his life, people, and events that he considers most significant. The artless res gestaea chronology of events, occupies the middle ground.
This category offers a special kind of biographical truth: Any such work is a true picture of what, at one moment in a life, the subject wished—or is impelled—to reveal of that life. Memory being plastic, the autobiographer regenerates biographies definition as they are being used.
The advantage of possessing unique and private information, accessible to no researching biographer, is counterbalanced by the difficulty of establishing a stance that is neither overmodest nor aggressively self-assertive.
There are but few and scattered biographies of autobiographical literature in antiquity and the Middle Ages. It is stretching a point to include, from the 1st century bcethe letters of Cicero or, in the early Christian era, the letters of St. The Confessions of St. Augustineof the 5th century cebelong to a special category of autobiography; the 14th-century Letter to Posterity of the Italian poet Petrarch is but a brief excursion in the field.
In her old age the mystic Margery Kempe of Lynn in Norfolk dictated an account of her bustling, far-faring life, which, however concerned with religious experience, racily reveals her somewhat abrasive personality and the impact she made upon her fellows. This is done in a series of scenes, mainly developed by dialogue. The first full-scale formal autobiography was written a generation later by a celebrated humanist publicist of the age, Enea Silvio Piccolomini, after he was elevated to the papacy, inas Pius II —the result of an election that he recounts with astonishing frankness spiced with malice.
In the first book of his autobiography—misleadingly named Commentariiin evident biography definition of Caesar—Pius II traces his career up to becoming pope; the succeeding 11 books and a fragment of a 12th, which breaks off a few months before his death in present a panorama of the age, with its cruel and cultivated Italian tyrants, cynical condottieri professional definitionsrecalcitrant kings, the politics and personalities behind the doors of the Vatican, and the urbane but exuberant character of the Pope himself.
Pius II exploits the plasticity of biographical art by creating opportunities—especially when writing of himself as the connoisseur of natural beauties and antiquities—for effective autobiographical narration. The latter period itself produced three works that are especially notable for their very different reflections of the spirit of the times as well as of the personalities of their authors: Significantly, it is at the end of the 18th century that the word autobiography apparently first appears in print, in The Monthly Review These might roughly be grouped under four heads: Religious autobiography claims a number of great works, ranging from the Confessions of St.
That century and the early 20th saw the creation of several intellectual autobiographies. The Autobiography of the philosopher John S. Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A narrative that records the actions and recreates the personality of an individual is called a biography from a Greek term meaning "life-writing".
An individual who writes the story of his or her own life is creating an autobiography, meaning self-biography. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. This kind of novel concentrates on the experiences a person had during his lifetime, the people they met and the incidents which occurred.
Like other forms of biographical fictionbiographies definition are often trimmed or reimagined to meet the artistic needs of the fictional genre, the novel. These reimagined biographies are sometimes called semi-biographical novelsto distinguish the relative historicity of the work from other biographical novels. Some biographical novels bearing only superficial resemblance to the historical novels or introducing elements of other genres that supersede the retelling of the historical narrative, for example Abraham Lincoln, Vampire Hunter follows the plot devices of a vampire fiction closely.
Biographical fiction often also falls within the genres of historical fiction or alternative history. Some novels that are known best for their fictional prowess, but include extensive biographical information that is less obvious to readers. A very good example of this kind is Goldsmith's " The Vicar of Wakefield " and is believed to be the biography of a person the author had known and observed very closely.