A short biography of martin luther king jr

a short biography of martin luther king jr
King married Coretta Scott on June 18, , on the lawn of her parents' house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama ; he was 24 and she was And within our own organization, we found a very key person who was on the government payroll.

He dedicated his life to achieving equality and justice for all Americans of all colors.

a short biography of martin luther king jr

King believed that peaceful refusal to obey unjust law was the best way to bring about social change. Thanks to the efforts of a humble Baptist preacher, Dr. King experienced racial prejudice early in life. Segregation was both law and custom in the South and other parts of America. King was arrested several times during his lifetime. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in ; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr. On the evening of April 4,while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

Martin Luther King Biography

Chicago, Afro-Am Publishing Co. I Have a Dream: New York, Time Life Books, King, Martin Luther, Jr. The Christian Education Press, Sixteen sermons and one essay entitled "Pilgrimage to Nonviolence. It began in innocuous circumstances on 5 December Rosa Parks, a civil rights activist, refused to given up her seat — she was sitting in a white only biography martin luther.

This broke the strict segregation of coloured and white people on the Montgomery buses. The bus company refused to back down and so Martin Luther King helped to organise a strike where coloured people refused to use any of the city buses. The boycott lasted for several kings, the issue was then brought to the Supreme Court who declared the segregation was unconstitutional. This proved to be a nucleus for the growing civil rights movement. Later there would be arguments about the best approach to take.

In particular the s saw the rise of the Black power movement, epitomised by Malcolm X and other black short groups. Because he was both a Ph. Kingor just Dr. King worked hard to make people understand that not only blacks but that all races should always be treated equally to white people.

He gave speeches to encourage African Americans to protest without using violence. King and others, many African Americans used nonviolent, peaceful strategies to fight for their civil rights.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

These strategies included sit-insboycottsand protest marches. Often they were attacked by white police officers or people who did not want African Americans to have more rights.

However, no matter how badly they were attacked, Dr. King and his followers never fought back. King also helped to organize the March on Washingtonwhere he delivered his " I Have a Dream " speech.

a short biography of martin luther king jr

The next year, he won the Nobel Peace Prize. King fought for equal rights from the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in until he was murdered by James Earl Ray in April Although the name "Michael" appeared on his birth certificatehis name was later changed to Martin Luther in honor of German reformer Martin Luther. As King was growing up, everything in Georgia was segregated.

a short biography of martin luther king jr

This meant that black and white people were not allowed to go to the same schools, use the same public bathrooms, eat at the same restaurants, or even go to the same hospitals. However, the white hospitals, schools, and other places were usually much better than the places where black people were allowed to go.

a short biography of martin luther king jr

At age 6, King first went through discrimination being treated worse than a white person because he was black. He was sent to an all-black school, and a white friend was sent to an all-white school. Once, when he was 14, King won a contest with a speech about civil rights. When he was going back home on a bus, he was forced to give up his seat and stand for the bus ride so a white person could sit down.

Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.

If a white person wanted a seat, that person could take the seat from any African American. King went to segregated schools in Georgia, and finished high school at age He was not sure what kind of career he wanted.

Martin Luther King, Jr. - Mini Bio

He thought about being a doctor or a lawyer. He decided not to do either, and joined the Baptist Church. King went to a seminary in Pennsylvania to become a pastor.

While studying there, King learned about the non-violent methods used by Mahatma Gandhi against the British Empire in India. King was convinced that these non-violent methods would help the civil rights movement. Finally, inKing earned a Ph. King first started his civil rights activism in At that time, he led a protest against the way black people were segregated on buses.

a short biography of martin luther king jr

Rosa Parks later said: King was chosen in part because he was relatively new to the community and so [he] did not have any enemies. King was arrested for starting a boycott. Others involved with MIA were also threatened. People could sit anywhere they wanted on the buses. Its motto was "Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed. This was the largest protest for human rights in United States history.