24 pages lee kuan yew biography
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Customer Review Publication Date Most reviews. Get it by Thursday, Oct FREE Shipping on eligible orders. From Third World to First: The Singapore Story - Oct 3, Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew Aug 22, Only 3 left in stock - order soon. Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew, Vol. From Third World to First, Hard Truths to Keep Singapore Going His paternal grandfather gave him the English name "Harry". Lee was a fourth-generation Singaporean of ethnic Chinese ancestry Hakka and Hokkien descent.
He died just two years after his return.
Kuan Yew Lee
He was educated in English at Raffles Institution to standard V, which is equivalent to lower secondary school in Singapore today. Lee Hoon Leong then worked as a dispenser, an unqualified pharmacist, and later as a purser on a steamship of the Heap Eng Moh Shipping Linethen owned by an ethnic Chinese businessman, Oei Tiong Ham. Both families were middle-class, and the bride and groom were both English-educated.
Lee Hoon Leong's maternal grandfather owned the Katong market, a few yew biography estates and houses at Orchard Road. Lee Hoon Leong had two wives, which was common at that time, and fathered five daughters and three sons. His son Lee Chin Koon —was educated in English too. Lee Kuan Yew had page younger brothers: BarkerLee's close friend, also joined the law firm.
Lee and Barker later left the law firm to enter politics. Lee's brother Freddy became a stockbroker; another brother, Suan Yew, read medicine at the University of Cambridge and opened a successful practice.
Lee Kuan Yew's grandfathers' wealth declined considerably during the Great Depressionand his father, Lee Chin Koon, became a shopkeeper. Lee and his wife, Kwa Geok Choowere married on 30 September Both Lee and Kwa spoke English as their first language. Lee started learning Chinese in at age 32; prior to which, he was illiterate in Chinese. Lee and Kwa had two sons and a daughter. Several members of Lee's family hold prominent positions in Singaporean society. He described his schoolmates at Telok Kurau as generally poor and not very bright as a late bloomer are.
He then attended Raffles Institution inwhere he had difficulties keeping up because he met the top students from all over Singapore.
Lee joined the Scouts for three years, played crickettennisand chessand debated for the school. He obtained several scholarships, and came top in the School Certificate examinations ingaining the John Anderson scholarship to attend Raffles College now Raffles Institution Junior College.
Lee's future wife, Kwa Geok Choowas his classmate and the only girl at Raffles Institution at that time. Kwa, who was a brilliant student herself, was the only one to beat his scores in the English and Economics subjects. After the war, Lee went on to study in England.
He briefly attended London School of Economics as enrollment at University of Cambridge had already closed. He related that London overwhelmed him and he sought the more pleasant surroundings of Cambridge, where he read law at Fitzwilliam College. Thatcher, who admitted him for the Lent term.
He matriculated in January Lee graduated First Class in both parts of the Tripos with an exceptional Starred-First perfect score for Part II Law in ; this placed him at the very top of his page lee, and he was awarded the Fitzwilliam's Whitlock Prize. The college said he was placed above two contemporaries who later became Professors of Law in Cambridge. Lee was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in Inhe was elected an honorary fellow of Fitzwilliam College and was the most senior of the College's Honorary Fellows for many years.
Lee experienced hardship during the tough years of the Japanese occupation from to However, a liftboy in his office told him his file had been taken out by the security department, and he realised he was being followed by Japanese security personnel which continued for three monthsso he abandoned those plans as he knew if he went ahead, he yew biography be in trouble.
Lee set up private small enterprises during the war to survive; among which was one that manufactured stationery glue, branded as "Stikfas". Lee had a near-miss with Japanese Occupation atrocity. The Japanese lee kuan yew was rounding up Chinese men for questioning and Lee was told to fall in and page lee the segregated Chinese men.
Sensing that something was amiss, he asked for permission to return home to collect his clothes first, and the Japanese guard agreed. It turned out that those who were segregated were taken to the beach to be shot as part of the Sook Ching massacre. He and other young Singaporeans "emerged determined that no one—neither Japanese nor British—had the biography to push and kick us around After the war, whilst studying in England, Lee campaigned for a friend named David Widdicombe, who was in the Labour Party.
He drove Widdicombe around in a lorry and delivered several speeches on his behalf. Widdicombe lost the election inbut went on to become members of the Inner Temple with Lee. He returned to Singapore in In his biographies, Lee recounted that he had intended to return to Singapore to work as a lawyer. He also worked as a legal advisor to the trade and students' unions.
Lee was the junior counsel for the Fajar trial which is held in May when the members of the University Socialist Club was arrested for publishing an article considered as seditious words in the Club's magazine named the Fajar. One story is that it was Lee who invited the lead counsel D. Pritt to defend the students although this was denied by the Club members. Lee gained a widespread reputation through the victory of the trial which was the first sedition trial in the post-war Malaysia and Singapore.
The strait times on August 26 proclaimed this result as "the tremendous victory for freedom of speech". At the same time, Lee was also be accepted by the most Singaporeans as the "hero of high". Furthermore, the cooperation between Lee and the Club members strengthened their relationship which was significant for Lee's future political career and the page of the PAP.
The student arrests gave rise to Lee's reputation as a "left-wing lawyer"  which provided a path for Lee into Singaporean politics through the Communist Party of Malaya. This alliance was described by Lee as a marriage of convenience, since his English-speaking group needed the Chinese-speaking majority's mass support base. An inaugural conference was held at the Victoria Memorial Hallattended by over 1, supporters and trade unionists.
Lee became secretary-generala post he held untilsave for a brief period in Lee Kuan Yew won the Tanjong Pagar seat in the elections. He became the opposition leader against David Saul Marshall 's Labour Front -led coalition government. He was also one of PAP's representatives to the two constitutional discussions held in London over the future status of Singapore, the first led by Marshall and the second by Lim Yew HockMarshall's hardline successor.
It was during this period that Lee had to contend with rivals from both within and outside the PAP. Lee's position in the PAP was seriously under threat in when pro-communists took over the leadership posts, following a party conference which the party's left wing had stacked with fake members.
After the communist "scare", Lee subsequently received a new, stronger mandate from his Tanjong Pagar constituents in a by-election in In the national elections held on 30 Maythe PAP won 43 of the 51 biographies in the legislative assembly.
Singapore gained self-government with autonomy in all state matters except defence and foreign affairs, and Lee became the first Prime Minister of Singapore on 3 Junetaking over from Chief Minister Lim Yew Hock. A key event was the motion of no confidence in the government, in which 13 PAP assemblymen crossed yew biography lines and abstained from voting on 21 July Together with six prominent left-leaning leaders from trade unions, the breakaway members established a new party, the Barisan Sosialis.
His view was shared by the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan —who was keen on a merger of British colonial territories across South East Asia, including Singapore, in order to hasten the end of British rule, whilst sharing similar concerns to those of Lee about avoiding possible Communist infiltration in Singapore. After Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman proposed the formation of a federation which would include MalayaSingapore, Sabah and Sarawak inLee began to campaign for a merger to end British colonial rule.
On 16 SeptemberSingapore became part of the new Federation of Malaysia. However, the union was short-lived. The race riots in Singapore followed, such as that on 21 Julynear Kallang Gasworks, in which 23 people were killed and hundreds injured as Chinese and Malays attacked each other. It is still disputed how the riots started, and theories include a bottle being thrown into a Muslim yew biography by a Chinese, while others have argued that it was started by a Malay.
More riots broke out in Septemberas rioters looted cars and shops, forcing both Tunku Abdul Rahman and Lee to 24 page lee kuan yew biography public appearances to calm the situation. Unable to resolve the crisis, Tunku Abdul Rahman decided to expel Singapore from Malaysia, choosing to "sever all ties with a State Government that showed no measure of loyalty to its Central Government". Lee refused and tried to work out a compromise, but without success. He was later convinced by Goh Keng Swee that the secession was inevitable. In a televised press conference that day, he fought back tears  and briefly stopped to regain his composure as he formally announced the separation and the full independence of Singapore to an anxious population:.
For me it is a moment of anguish because all my life I have believed in Malaysian merger and the unity of these two territories. You know, it's a people connected by geography, economics, and ties of kinship On that same day, 9 Augustjust as the press conference ended, the Malaysian parliament passed the required resolution that would sever Singapore's ties to Malaysia as a state, and thus the Republic of Singapore was created.
Singapore's lack of natural resources, a water supply that was derived primarily from Malaysia and a very limited defensive capability were the major challenges which Lee and the nascent Singaporean government faced. Despite the momentous event, Lee did not call for the parliament to convene to reconcile issues that Singapore would face immediately as a new nation. Without giving further instructions on who should act in his absence, he went into isolation for six weeks, unreachable by phone, on a Singapore island. According to Dr Toh Chin Chyethe parliament hung in suspended animation until the sitting in December that year.
In his memoirs, Lee said that he was unable to sleep. My colleagues and I are sane, rational people even in our moments of anguish. We will weigh all possible consequences before we make any move on the political chessboard Lee began to seek international recognition of Singapore's independence. Lee made his first official visit to Indonesia on 25 Mayjust a few years after the Indonesia—Malaysia confrontation under Sukarno 's regime. Relations between Singapore and Indonesia substantially improved as subsequent visits were made between the two countries.
Singapore has never had a dominant culture to which immigrants could assimilate even though Malay was the dominant language at that time. Lee and his government stressed the importance of maintaining religious tolerance and racial harmony, and they were ready to use the law to counter any threat that might incite ethnic and religious violence. For example, Lee warned against "insensitive evangelisation", by which he referred to instances of Christian proselytising directed at Malays.
In the government advised the Bible Society of Singapore to stop publishing religious material in Malay. The vulnerability of Singapore was deeply felt, with threats from multiple sources including the communists and Indonesia with its confrontational stance.
As Singapore gained admission to the United Nations, Lee quickly sought international recognition of Singapore's independence. BySingapore had 17 national service battalions 16, men with 14 battalions 11, men in the reserves. One of Lee's most urgent tasks upon Singapore's independence was to provide stable jobs for its people, as unemployment was high.
Tourism helped but did not completely resolve the unemployment problem. Together with his economic aide, Economic Development Board chairman Hon Sui Senand in consultation with Dutch economist Albert WinsemiusLee set up factories and initially focused on the manufacturing industry.
Before the British completely withdrew from Singapore inLee also persuaded the British not to destroy their dock and had the British naval dockyard later converted for civilian use. After years of trial and error, Lee and his cabinet decided the best way to boost Singapore's economy was to attract foreign pages lee kuan from the multinational corporations MNCs. By establishing a First World infrastructure and standards in Singapore, the new nation could woo American, Japanese and European entrepreneurs and professionals to set up base here.
By the s, the arrival of MNCs like Texas InstrumentsHewlett-Packard and General Electric laid the foundations, turning Singapore into a major electronics exporter the following decade. The government also started several new yews biography, such as steel mills under 'National Iron and Steel Mills', service industries like Neptune Orient Linesand the Singapore Airlines. Lee and his cabinet also worked to establish Singapore as an international financial centre.
Foreign bankers were assured of the reliability of Singapore's social conditions, with top-class infrastructure and skilled professionals, and investors were made to understand that the Singapore government would pursue sound macroeconomic policies, with budget surplusesleading to a stable valued Singapore dollar.
Throughout the tenure of his office, Lee always placed great importance on developing the economy, and his attention to detail on this aspect went even to the extent of connecting it with other facets of Singapore, including the country's extensive and meticulous tending of its international image of being a "Garden City",  something that has been sustained to this day.
The names in bold are the surnames of Chinese persons, and the personal names of Indian and Malay persons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A minor cabinet reshuffle was made on 24 September Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 19 December See all buying options. Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew. Available from these sellers. Special offers and product promotions Also check our best rated Biography reviews.
Credit offered by NewDay Ltd, over 18s only, subject to status. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. From Third World to First: Singapore and the Asian Economic Boom. One Man's View of the World. What 24 page lee kuan yew biography items do customers buy after viewing this item? Singapore and the Asian Economic Boom Paperback. Diary of an Expat in Singapore Paperback. See all free Kindle reading apps. Start reading The Singapore Story on your Kindle in under a minute.
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Write a customer review. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. By Happy user on 9 July Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. It explains how Lee kept Singapore out of communist hands an how the Malaysian leader expelled him. I am now going to read the next volume about how Singapore rose from a third world country to a first world country. After that, I intend to read a volume by someone else that puts forward the view that Singapore's 'repressive' laws infringe their citizen's rights.
I cannot comment more until then! Yes No Report abuse. By Mike Baker on 28 September Interesting perspective by the father of modern Singapore.
By A customer on 4 March Lee Kuan Yew is one of the most misunderstood leaders in the world. Even foreigners who reside in Singapore do not appreciate how each society can be very different beneath the veener of the skyscrapers in an urban society. Lee does not subscribe to "isms" but views society in the necessary harsh light of social Darwinism.