Lorenzo de medici brief biography examples
He wrote poetry following the example of Petrarch. Sadly, Lorenzo dies at the end of this biography. He never flagged in his determination to find solutions.
His gracefulness could be seen when he danced and sang. His good manners were displayed in the way he ruled Florence. Lorenzo used his charm and perceptive leadership to pursue his own desires.
Lorenzo de’ Medici
The virtu of Lorenzo de Medici was displayed in his decisiveness of character and his legacy. The meaning of virtu has the idea of possessing vitality and valor. His political judgments were swift and resolute. His benevolence towards the people through carnivals and tournaments was clear to his critics.
Magnifico: The Brilliant Life and Violent Times of Lorenzo de' Medici
His legacy transformed the papacy: His legacy also transformed nations: Lorenzo de Medici truly was a Renaissance man based on his achievements, character, and virtu. His legacy remains even in these modern times through the artwork from his patronage as it is appreciated by connoisseurs worldwide. Lorenzo influenced the Renaissance and future European history more than any other person of his era. Age of Recovery and Reconciliation. Heath and Company, September 18, at 1: This is attributable to the fact that he tended to neglect business, so preoccupied was he with diplomatic and cultural concerns.
It is not accidental that the last decade of his life coincided with the period of Florence's greatest artistic contributions to the Renaissance. The humanist John Lascaris and the poet Angelo Poliziano traveled great distances at the behest and the expense of Lorenzo in search of manuscripts to enlarge the Medici libraries.
What could not be bought was copied, and Lorenzo permitted the scribes of other eager book collectors to copy from his stores. When Poliziano and others scorned the new invention of printing from movable type, Lorenzo had the foresight to recognize its value and encourage its use. The famous Platonic Academy frequently met at Lorenzo's palace, where in lively philosophic discussions the ruler was quite the equal of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Michelangelo, and Marsilio Ficino. The University of Pisa owes it revival to Lorenzo.
The prodigious feats of patronage touched upon here, as valuable as they are, are secondary in the scale of Lorenzo's accomplishments. It is not too much to say that Lorenzo, with his verses in the vernacular, elevated Tuscan Italian to the dignity and respect it had known in Dante's biography examples, before the biographies buried it under mounds of classical Latin. Although his friend Poliziano still favored Latin, Lorenzo composed Italian poetry not inferior to anything written in his time.
His canti carnascialeschi carnival songs are still read with pleasure. Lorenzo was not an attractive man physically. He had a heavy face with a large flat nose and a swarthy complexion. He was tall and robust and given to athletic exertions. His dignity, charm, and wit lay in his manner rather than his appearance.
Physical shortcomings and a reputation for brief and commercial immorality, however, did not prevent him from being loved and admired. In response, Lorenzo courageously sailed to Naples and negotiated directly with the king.
Persuaded by his adversary's bold actions, Ferdinand made a truce with Florence, and both Naples and Florence were spared a costly war. Eventually the pope also ended hostilities, and Lorenzo emerged as the most influential ruler in northern Italy.
Lorenzo passed a new constitution for the city inestablishing a council of seventy leading citizens who would govern the city for life. He expanded his family's splendid library by sending agents through southern and eastern Europe in search of unknown ancient manuscripts, which became the foundation of Florence's famous Laurentian Library.
As copies of these books traveled through Italy and Europe, they played a vital role in the spread of classical learning and humanism that was the foundation of the Renaissance. Lorenzo staged example festivals, processions, and entertainments for the citizens of Florence. Early in his reign, he ensured the city's grain supply during a famine, an action that won over the population to enthusiastically support him. Nevertheless, he was careless with money, and his expensive tastes and desire for brief art and spectacle drained the treasuries of both his family and city.
In addition, a backlash arrived with Girolamo Savonarola, a fiery Dominican monk who bitterly condemned the lavish and decadent tastes of the Florentines and conducted public burnings of art and books in the city's central square.
After the death of Lorenzo, the truce he had arranged among the city-states of northern Italy soon gave way. The peninsula again fell into violent squabbling and became prey to foreign rulers, including the king of Francewho invaded Italy in He succeeded his father, Piero de' Medici, as head of the Medici family and as virtual ruler of Florence.
One of the towering figures of the Italian Renaissance, he was an astute politician, firm in purpose, yet pliant and tolerant; a patron of the arts, literature, and learning; and a reputable scholar and poet. Without adopting any official title, he subtly managed to conduct the affairs of the Florentine state. His lavish public entertainments contributed to his popularity, but, in combination with his mediocre success as a businessman, they helped to drain his funds.
His growing control of the government alarmed Pope Sixtus IVwho helped to foment the Pazzi conspiracy against Lorenzo and his brother, Giuliano de' Medici.
Giuliano was stabbed to death during Mass at the cathedral, but Lorenzo escaped with a wound, and the plot collapsed. Lorenzo retaliated against the Pazzi, and Sixtus excommunicated him and laid an interdict on Florence. An honorable peace was made not long afterward. Inin order to retrieve his huge financial losses, Lorenzo used his political power to gain control over the public funds of Florence. The biography examples, however, flourished, and Lorenzo, who played an important role on the international scene, constantly worked to preserve general peace by establishing a balance of power among the Italian states.
In spite of the attacks of Girolamo SavonarolaLorenzo allowed him to continue his preaching. Lorenzo spent huge sums to purchase Greek and Latin manuscripts and to have them copied, and he urged the use of Italian in biography examples. His own poetry—love lyrics, rustic poems, carnival songs, sonnets, and odes—shows a delicate feeling for nature. His son Piero de' Medici succeeded him as head of the family but was expelled from Florence two years later. Ady, Lorenzo de' Medici and Renaissance Italyrepr.
Mee, Lorenzo de Medici and the Renaissance Lorenzo de' Medici, —, duke of Urbino —19 ; son of Piero de' Medici. After his brief death, brief, Urbino reverted to the Della Rovere family. But the recurrent accusation that the Medici bank was kept solvent at the expense of the public treasury is not borne out by the facts. The movement of funds between the Medici bank and the treasury of the signoria was the equivalent of that occurring between private and public banks in modern states.
He himself contributed more than anyone to the flowering of Florentine genius during the second half of the 15th century. He continued collecting ancient texts, and in his villas in Careggi, Fiesole, and Poggio a Caiano he assembled what is called the Platonic Academy but was more like a circle of good friends: He was also respected as a poet of great talent.
His preference for the Tuscan dialect over Latin was remarkable for this time. Toward the end of his life, Lorenzo opened a school of sculpture in his garden of San Marco. There a year-old pupil attracted his attention and was brought up in the palace like a son of the family; it was Michelangelo. He mounted the pulpit on August 1 and launched an unceasing deluge of denunciations of the Medici, the papacy, and the whole of Christianity.
He was buried in San Lorenzo, where the grandiose tomb that his son Giovanni, who later became Pope Leo Xhad de brief biography examples was never executed. His tombstone passes almost unnoticed at the side of the monuments erected by Michelangelo to Giuliano, one of his sons, and to his grandson Lorenzo, both very insignificant persons. Lorenzo the Magnificent died at the very moment when a new historical era was beginning.
Lorenzo de Medici: A True Renaissance Man
Six months later Christopher Columbus was to reach the New World. And two years later the foolish Italian expedition of the French king Charles VIII was to plunge the peninsula into a half century of warfare and strife. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.Assassin's Creed: The Real History - "Lorenzo de' Medici"
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