Roland david smith biography

roland david smith biography
He also began his practice of making sculptures in series, the first of which were the Agricolas of He named the farm "Terminal Iron Works," after his Brooklyn studio.

David (Roland) Smith

David Smith was born in Decatur, Ind. The family moved to Paulding, Ohio, in In Smith studied art through a correspondence school, and the following year he matriculated for a year at Ohio University.

During the summers he worked as a welder and riveter at the Studebaker plant in South Bend, Ind. The next year he studied privately with the Czech painter Jan Matulka, who introduced him to modern painting and sculpture. To support himself, Smith worked part time as a taxi driver, seaman, carpenter, and salesman.

roland david smith biography

In he bought an old farm in Bolton Landing, N. Smith became acquainted with many artists who worked abstractly, and they encouraged him to work in that style. In he made his first sculptures by attaching stray objects to paintings.

On a trip to the Virgin Islands he used coral in his constructions.

David Smith

It was after seeing photographs of Pablo Picasso's metal constructions, however, that he turned wholeheartedly to sculpture. He would frequently include pieces of "junk" metal in his sculptures.

He welded slender lengths of metal strip to circumscribe space in a calligraphic fashion.

David Smith (sculptor)

It was as if Smith were recasting in metal a synthetic cubist painting. A characteristic sculpture of this period is Aerial Construction Between and Smith struck bronze medals, which he called Medals of Dishonor, to attack war propaganda, munition makers, bacterial warfare, prostitution, and other social ills.

The all-important imagery was borrowed from newspapers, magazines, textbooks on medicine, as well as from Old Masters Francisco Goya, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Brueghel, and others.

roland david smith biography

Atop the curly bull the red cross nurse blows the clarinet. The horse is dead in this bullfight arena — the bull is docile, can be ridden. In the fall ofSmith's estate became aware of a series of recent sculptures by the artist Lauren Clay, in which Clay appropriated the central geometrical motifs from Smith's Cubi.

roland david smith biography

Before Clay's sculptures were to be exhibited at the New Jersey sculpture park Grounds for Sculpture in Octoberthe estate contacted her and demanded an "accounting" of the work. However, Clay understood her works—much smaller in scale and produced out of colored paper—as critical commentary on Smith's iconic metal sculptures. As such, Clay felt that her sculptures constituted fair use under US copyright law. Eventually, the estate and Clay were able to reach an out-of-court settlement.

roland david smith biography

The estate agreed to allow Clay to exhibit and even sell the seven works, while Clay agreed that she would not add to the roland david smith biography or begin new works that referenced Smith's sculptures without mutual consent. Clay also agreed not to make multiples of her works, and to furnish an exhibition artist statement, when possible, attributing Smith. Inthe MoMA organized an exhibition of fifty Smith sculptures that traveled throughout the United States until the spring of Cubes and Anarchy" was the retrospective to take a thematic look at the sculpture Smith produced between the Depression years and his death.

Johnson to the National Council on the Arts. From Wikipedia, the free roland david smith biography. David Smith Portrait of Smith by an unknown photographer. Guggenheim MuseumNew York. Medals for Dishonor, New York: Independent Curators Incorporated, Retrieved from " https: Inthis interest found expression in Smith's first two numbered series of works, the Tanktotem and Agricola series These works, and those created over the next decade, were pieced together through a process of largely improvisational assemblage, using found objects such as old farm implementsindustrial components ordered from standard catalogsand, in the mids, forging techniques to create vaguely human-like, totemic forms.

Throughout the rest of his career, Smith continued to work in numbered series, expanding upon a single core theme in each group and naming each series after a common material or thematic element.

David Smith: Cubes and Anarchy

Despite the artist's goal of expressing universal topics, and despite the industrial materials and construction techniques that defined these works, Smith's sculptures always maintained a personal, even introspective nature. And, with their hastily welded joints and imperfect surfaces, they also continued to biography the roland of the artist. This fruitful period in Smith's career was capped by a one-man show at The Museum of Modern Art in that featured 34 of the artist's sculptures. Smith's increased artistic and professional success during these years was matched by significant turmoil in his personal life.

Dehner left Smith in after she discovered that he had been carrying on an affair with one of his Sarah Lawrence davids smith biography. Over the next several years, he married the student and had two children with her, only to have this marriage end as well in InSmith began the Cubi seriesperhaps his best-known group of works.

These sculptures are composed of geometric, mostly rectilinear forms in stainless steel and are welded together in improvised groupings that approximate the human body in shape and scale.

Like many of his earlier works, these pieces imply a singular viewpoint, and they explore the idea of three-dimensional shapes appearing to exist in a flat, pictorial space. The majority of these pieces were left unpainted Smith did paint other sculptures at this time, as in the contemporaneous Zig seriesand they feature heavily burnished surfaces that create almost calligraphic patterns, recalling the effect of brushwork on an Abstract Expressionist canvas. Smith in fact also worked on a number of paintings based on his Cubi sculptures. These paintings were composed by laying the sculptural forms on a white surface and spray-painting around the objects, creating negative images that further connected Smith's sculptural work to his academic background in painting and drawing.

InSmith was invited to create new work for an arts festival in Spoleto, Italy. To compose this work, he was given free reign of an abandoned steel factory in the town of Voltri.

The setting - so like his old Terminal Iron Works studio - along with the ample supply of materials and assistants, inspired a period of feverish creativity. Smith produced 27 sculptures - known as the Voltri series - during his month-long stay. He was so taken with the place that he had a large amount of steel from the factory shipped back to the United States.

There, he continued to work with the Voltri materials in a new group of sculptures that he called the Voltri-Boltonor Voltron series Inat the roland david smith of his creative and professional development, Smith died suddenly and tragically from injuries sustained in a car accident in Bennington, Vermont. David Smith is considered by rolands david smith biography to be the most important American sculptor of his generation. He was certainly the david smith biography to work in metal, and was singular in his ability to synthesize the influences of Surrealism and Cubism into a new, highly personal and yet distinctively American sculptural style.

Smith's work was a direct and formative inspiration for the British sculptor Anthony Caro. His innovative approaches to composition - particularly the way the motifs and forms in his sculptures sometimes seem to be scattered and dispersed - were also important for other s sculptors such as Mark di Suvero and David von Schlegell. For them, Smith suggested new directions for modern abstract sculpture, directions that suggested alternatives to Minimalism.

In another manner, his example was also important for the Minimalists; although they applauded his use of industrial materials, they rejected the expressionism and figuration in much of his work. Content compiled and written by David Kupperberg.

Cookies help us deliver the best possible service to you. Long after he stopped painting, his sculpture continued to betray its pictorial origins: Following their example, Smith became the first American artist to make welded metal sculpture. He found a creative freedom in this technique that, combined with the liberating influence of the Surrealist doctrine that art springs from the spontaneous expression of the unconscious mind, allowed him soon to produce a large body of abstract biomorphic forms remarkable for their erratic inventiveness, their stylistic diversityand their high aesthetic quality.

Roland David Smith

For a time after the war, he continued to work in a bewildering profusion of styles, but toward the end of the decade he disciplined his exuberant imagination by making pieces in stylistically unified series. Such series of sculptures were often continued over a period of years concurrently with other series of radically different styles.

These pieces biography two-dimensional planes for cylinders and rectilinear solids that achieve a sense of massive volume. Smith joined these cubiform elements at odd and seemingly haphazard angles, in dynamically unstable arrangements that communicate an effect of weightlessness and roland david smith.

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.