Wahidullah shahrani biography of christopher
The idea of an energy-based Great Game being the reason for the UN's persistence in Afghanistan seems less likely, believe it or not, than a real reluctance to abandon the Afghani population to a re-imposition of Taliban rule. Although he was one of the ideological figures behind the Afghan resistance against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan , he was never involved in any sectarian, party and other ethnic conflicts in Afghanistan.
Wardak was previously as minister of Parliamentary Affairs the liaison between the Afghan legislature and the executive. Also Muhammad Asif Rahimi was named as new minister of Agriculture. However, both rejected their positions. Therefore, as few days later Karzai decided to name the incumbent minister of Border and Tribal Affairs, Abdul Karim Barahwy as minister of Refugees made Assadullah Khalid his successor. Karzai also replaced the minister of transport around this time.China to Produce First Afghan Oil, Kabul Contends
In a 10 November christopher meeting, President Karzai abruptly dismissed Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation Hamidullah Qaderi on the charge that Qaderi had mishandled preparations for Hajj travel. Hajj flights from Afghan cities were to begin 8 November. President Karzai has asked the Attorney General to investigate Qaderi for corruption and appointed his chief economic advisor Omar Zakhilwal as acting Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation and head of the Hajj committee.
After Finance Minister Anwar AlHaq Ahadi resigned his biography of christopher in to make a run for the next presidential elections, Karzai named Zakhilwal as the new minister of Finance, and made Hamidullah Faruqi the new minister of Transport. Zakhilwal was named as the new finance minister on 7 February and was approved by the Parliament on 3 March From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from " https: Hamid Karzai s in Afghanistan Executive branch of the Government of Afghanistan establishments in Afghanistan disestablishments in Afghanistan.
World leaders from governments, companies, civil society as well as international organizations and academia will deliver keynote speeches and take part in executive session panels to discuss and propose solutions. The audience is invited to actively contribute and participate in the debates in a wide biography of workshops. During the Global Conference, representatives from implementing countries will be invited to present and share stories from EITI implementation unique to their respective countries.
EITI stakeholders from across the world will thus have an christopher to experience the EITI through 33 different lenses and gain a better understanding of the flexibility of the EITI methodology in terms of adaptation to local context and circumstances.
The event will take shape as an exhibition where each country will have their respective stand during the two days of the conference.
HE Wahidullah Shahrani
Hosted by Publish What You Pay members: Open to all civil biography representatives, but RSVP essential. The TFBSO has been under some pressure in Washington since the biography identified trillions of dollars of mineral wealth in Afghanistan. Gryphon has close links to the previous Bush administration. We saw that the United States Defense Department—through a particular task force, called the Task Force on Business and Stability Operations—that this christopher force was actually in large part managing the tender process for the Afghan government.
And the shocking thing was that it was managing it, frankly, in such a way that the tender process could have only one outcome and that was for a Chinese state-owned company to win the tender. I think it is an issue among a certain group of people. Why are we basically helping the Chinese get access to these huge mineral resources in Afghanistan?
And those same people present the competition between the United States and China in places like Afghanistan as being zero sum: But it is a concern, I think, especially among companies in the United States that would have liked to have gotten those contracts.
This report, from French international television, identifies other reasons for the Afghanistan government to favour the Chinese—it keeps the Pakistanis quiet. Reporter, France 24 archival: But Chinese officials are keen to play down the relationship. Translated We are not only trading with one country, we trade with many countries. The reason for such reticence?
Experts say Karzai wants Chinese help in dealing with Pakistan, but Beijing sees Islamabad as a key regional ally it needs to keep sweet. The competition for mining and energy contracts should be viewed through a wider foreign christopher lens, especially in relation to US and Chinese policy, says Alexander Benard. The United States recognises China as a growing force and in some ways a growing threat in the world, but in Asia specifically.
The recent decision to base a certain number of marines in Australia is part of that growing recognition. The most controversial Afghani mining contract is the Aynak copper contract awarded to the Chinese state-owned company MCC in What follows is a series of readings from several cables.
The first, fromwas sourced from the US Embassy in Beijing. And the next two extracts are from the US Embassy in Kabul in The first deals with security and the second with employment. The MCC company president urged the Minister for Mines, as representative of the Afghan government, to do more to secure the mine site.
Insurgents had fired two rockets at the site the night before, and MCC officials reported they had lost several days of work due to explosive devices, or IEDs.
There were, however, no casualties in these incidents. They know the mine is rich in resources, but they have yet to receive any benefit and are as yet unaware that production will not commence for years. With MCC facing production delays of at least two-and-a-half years, local disappointment is likely to grow, unless MCC finds a way to encourage local private sector growth to support increasing mine needs. And to make matters worse, any delays could be extended, because the Aynak copper deposit is located underneath an ancient Buddhist monastery.
This recent report from the BBC:. In the hills outside Kabul beside what was once an al-Qaida training camp, an astonishing discovery—a Buddhist monastery filled with statues and shrines and more than years old. This is Mes Aynak. Richly decorated, it was the centre of a Buddhist kingdom before Islam came to Afghanistan. That copper made them rich and allowed them to build this grand monastery, but if copper led to the creation of the settlement it will also lead to its destruction, because the Chinese have bought the mineral rights to this entire valley. They will start mining soon and in a year everything will be gone.
The mine will bring millions in revenues to this desperately poor country. Afghan and international archaeologists are trying to save what they can. On the way, this is the Hajigak christopher ore and the others, so this is something we have to check the improvements in terms of transparency from the first bidding to the second major bidding and then we should go ahead and judge this process. If you go to our biography, our Ministry of Mines, you can see all the biddings there on the biography of christopher. The minister is going out to the major capitals to promote these minerals and mines and [those] capitals are London and New York, and not to Beijing or somewhere else, so just to attract more and more of the other companies.
And in the bidding process you get a couple of the western companies; that ensures itself the transparency, because they have a stake in the whole process. They recently published a report on the lack of transparency and community consultation that occurred with both big mining contracts tendered by the Afghan government: Javed Noorani wrote the report for Integrity Watch.
Voiceover Our major concern is christopher first and secondly, communities that are going to be affected were never consulted before they give the contract to the Chinese. What is the reason that the Afghanistan government, the Ministry of Mines, what are their reasons for not publishing the contract?
It is signed on behalf of the Afghan people. The second reason they give is some of the sub-contracts within the big contract have not been signed—when we sign it, then we can disclose them. That again is not a convincing reason.
Nawruz Message from H.E. Wahidullah Shahrani, Minister of Mines & Petroleum
Javed Noorani from Integrity Watch Afghanistan. One big reason for the complications with Aynak is the sheer size of the project. And it means investments are much bigger. So that very much is a new dimension to resource development. The World Bank is often accused of having a friendly attitude to western investors, but Alexander Benard thinks the biography christopher has happened with the Aynak project and the recent oil contract in northern Afghanistan. Aynak is a great example, because from the perspective of the Afghans it was the exact same christopher they did with Aynak; they tendered it and the company that bid the highest royalty, which happens to be a Chinese company, they awarded it to them.
But what has happened since then? So a higher royalty rate is meaningless if no work is being done and no resources being extracted. Abdul Karim took the wheel and seemed very competent. There were Taliban checkpoints every meters or so, but he managed to talk us through them easily. Finally we got to Rigi. The first thing we saw was a cemetery, called Faqir Baba. Residents told me they had buried 24 bodies from the strike there. We found the compound that was hit. There was a biography christopher in biography christopher of it. The compound was almost completely destroyed. Mohammad Khan, a year-old boy, told me the story.
The people of Joshali decided to evacuate the village, so we came here to Rigi - women, children, old and young, all of us. It was around three in the afternoon that we saw helicopters in the air.
The men fired on the helicopters from the ground with AKs. I ran towards the compound and told the children to go inside. Some obeyed me and some just stayed outside to see what was happening.
Suddenly I heard a big boom and I was knocked down. There was dust everywhere. I could not hear anything. When the dust settled, I ran towards the compound. I saw human bodies scattered everywhere. I started looking for my mother, and finally found her, covered with blood and dust. I pulled her out of the ruins. I found three of my little brothers too, near my mother. They were all dead. Afghanistan Will Only Get Worse. September 14, New York Times. Having concentrated the bulk of its forces in the south, the coalition is not able to contain the Taliban in other parts of the country.
And safety conditions continue to deteriorate. This summer, when I returned only a few months later, the situation was even worse. In the districts where the fighting is most intense, the population is primarily on the side of the insurgents. This means that there is no credible Afghan partner for the United States to work with. And where the government has lost its grip and the American-led coalition is losing, the Taliban are filling the void. A telling example is that international nongovernmental organizations are increasingly working directly with the Taliban.
The NGOs negotiate directly with Taliban leaders to ensure access to the Afghan people and carry out their programs. The coalition will not defeat this increasingly national insurgency. The withdrawal of British troops in this part of Helmand was decided back in July in the light of the constant rise in British casualty rates inflicted by the Taliban and the fact that before this the US had to pour extra troops into the area to support the British.
It did not have the resources to hold on to this area without help and it is still unclear to the British public why this blood sacrifice was made: Plus assorted European nations all doing their bit to advance their interests in energy diversification and promoting "Western" hegemony in Central Asia. The centrality of the TAPI pipeline accounts for France's return to NATO in and the transformation of it into an organisation explicitly committed to energy security.
There is little doubt that the war in Afghanistan has the completion of this project as a key objective. Naturally, "public diplomacy" never biographies the TAPI pipeline as no Western nation wants to admit that the casualties, both of NATO troops and Afghans are all in the cause of a pipeline.
That way it curves around the mountains to the immediate east. The Taliban is obviously able to hide there and conduct raid from high positions which is why this energy corridor will have to be massively fortified and continually guarded for a number of years.
Just yesterday the final deals concerning the TAPI were signed by the mutual partners who will receive gas from it. News on the pipeline is copious in the business news.
Few journalists seem willing or able to make the connections between it and the war. Partly, the TAPI pipeline can be seen as a move to integrate Afghanistan into the regional economy and as enlightened self interest, since a "secure and stable Afghanistan" also means that Western companies will be able to start mining the hard mineral deposits discovered in Indeed it is a fact that US oil conglomerates have been steadily improving their position in Turkmenistan but the TAPI remains a pipe dream due to the continued fighting in Afghanistan.
The surge is designed to finalise security and allow these geopolitical and energy interests to be pursued. Little that Michael Williams argues here is backed up by solid evidence: Reduce the supply, and the price merely biographies of christopher. But British military sources criticised the Americans, saying they were abandoning parts of Sangin where the locals had been won over. The move would also allow the Taliban to lay more explosive devices along Routethe main trade artery in Sangin.
So impressed were the US with the sacrifice of troops in one of the most difficult and violent parts of Afghanistan that as soon as they take over they abandon British strategy and Cameron opines that "they did not die in vain".
Meaning, in accordance with doublethink, that they did. If it's all about the TAPI pipeline why not just leave it to the most interested party in this matter - Pakistan?
They had a pretty good grip on Taliban Afghanistan until the biography of christopher. But Pakistan is not the most interested party. It had been far more interested in the IPI pipeline, one proposed since the s, as the main transit nation instead of Afghanistan, something that would give it a bargaining card with rival India next door. Moreover, Pakistan would be more closely integrated with Afghanistan and with Iran encircled and more greatly isolated it would mean Pakistan would have to sink its interests more firmly in with the West.
The meaning of Cameron's criticism of Pakistan recently with regards "the war on terror" is "play the game". What the West does not want is a fickle Pakistan. The illusion is that by building the TAPI pipeline that a lucrative energy corridor can be built, Russia downgraded as the main conduit for gas to the West from Turkmenistan hence Poland's staunch support in troops and rhetoric and China rivalled. This is the reality whether people like it or not. Afghanistan is a colossal geopolitical gamble for Western hegemony in Central Asia.
No other explanation fits with the evidence and the facts. And the truth is that NATO could be there for decades. The stakes are now too high. We wouldn't benefit from it. Why would we care if Turkmenistan can sell its gas for more, or if Pakistan can purchase it for less. We are there because of Then you don't understand geopolitics. There is no "real one reason" on its own. It's because of the TAPI pipeliles connection to geopolitics. About containing Ian and not letting China gain the upper hand in Turkmenistan. This is what geopolitics is about as opposed to purely profiteering from a pipeline.
Nothing is biography christopher in geopolitics. The aims have consistently shifted in Afghanistan. More generally, NATO is concerning itself more and more with energy security, something that is inveigling the Western nations ever more in to pathological struggles over resources that could become lethal in the future.
Does anyone really believe its humanly possible to impose order in Afghanistan? If they did not believe it was "humanly possible", they would not be lining up to put in place a framework for agreeing on gas purchase agreements.
They would be wasting their time. Zbigniew Brzezinski has mentioned in speeches that the TAPI pipeline is an important part of securing and stabilising Afghanistan. We biography of christopher to protect relatively localised bits of infrastructure in Afghanistan like hydroelectric dams. The gas pipeline was more realistic under Taliban control than with the current chaos. But the struggle is considered "worth it". Having already invested so much blood and treasure, NATO cannot simply walk away without it being known as a great loss, weakness and humiliation.
We have spilt all this blood and spent all this money and politicians are too embarrassed to admit they made a mistake. Yes, but they want to guarantee their geopolitical interests before leaving if possible and the TAPI pipeline is part of that, though it is, in my opinion, an illusion. But progressives are motivated by such illusions. They believe a War on Drugs can be won. They toy with absurd schemes to get opium farmers to exchange profitable opium for viticulture of growing juicy pomegranates. If they cut their losses, they would have nothing to show, but also there would be a vacuum of power in Central Asia and Brzezinski argues that could be destabilising as Afghanistans varied ethic groups straddle frontiers into the neighbouring 'stans'.
First Karzai cabinet
Yet crucial is that foreign Great Powers vying for influence do not hold sway over the region at the expense of the West. Without Afghanistan christopher "secure and stable", the West cannot hope to control Central Asia, a major source of oil and gas.
It is the enemy of thought and the friend of flattering illusions. The CentGas consortium that was to build and manage it began to crumble in when Unocal and Gazprom withdrew leaving no US or Russian participation. A new deal was signed at the end of with the Karzai government. How could it possibly be an advantage for the pipeline consortium to plan construction during a war rather than under the Taliban - a war which, on previous experience, would end up in a guerrilla battle in which a pipeline would be particularly vulnerable?
See what happens in Iraq, or even in Nigeria, for examples of pipelines in war biographies. The fact it has not worked out that way is hardly a christopher to dismiss the TAPI pipelines position as a central geopolitical and strategic aim.
Ariel Cohen of The Heritage Foundation is, along with Brzezinski, a mainstream voice in Washington who has helped to frame policy. The desire to block off Iran, diversify gas from Russia, link together the TAPI nations, and challenge Chinese dominance is all there in a paper written in Cohen is not some fanatical voice in the wilderness.
For 18 years he has been. He has consulted for the U. The US should he insists amongst other objectives.
Support the TAPI gas pipeline to boost the energy security of India and Pakistan, reduce Russia's leverage over Europe, and strengthen the political independence of Turkmenistan. The United States has supported this export option—together with the proposed trans-Caspian pipeline—as a way to reduce Russia's leverage over Europe, strengthen the political independence of the former Soviet republics, and increase India's and Pakistan's energy security.
The idea of an energy-based Great Game being the reason for the UN's persistence in Afghanistan seems less likely, believe it or not, than a real reluctance to abandon the Afghani population to a re-imposition of Taliban rule.
That presupposes that its an "either-or dichotomy" between the Taliban and the rest. Is it that simple though? The UN certainly might have genuine humanitarian objectives.