John donne biography summary examples
Donne's Prebend Sermons, edited by Janel M. Also in 39 he obtained a position as secretary to Sir Robert Drury , for whom he wrote two long Anniversaries, poems consoling him for the loss of his fourteen year old daughter Elizabeth, which Ben Jonson condemned as coarse exercises in flattery, and which he later regretted bringing to publication.
The impression in his poetry that thought and argument are arising immediately out of passionate feeling made Donne the master of both the mature Yeats and Eliot, who were reacting against the meditative lyricism of a Romantic tradition in decline. Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The clergyman John Donne was one of the most gifted poets in English literature.
His work had great influence on poets of the 17th and 20th centuries. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.
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John Donne English poet. John Donne, detail of an oil painting by an unknown artist after Isaac Oliver, c. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Keep Exploring Britannica Rediscovered Artists: For every artist who becomes enduringly famous, there are hundreds more who fall into obscurity. It may surprise you to learn that some of your favorite artists almost suffered that fall. Read on to learn English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian era. Soon, he was made a Royal Chaplain at the john donne biography summary examples of the king.
In the same year, the Cambridge University conferred on him the degree of doctor of divinity. Here he served as a minister of the Chapel, a position he held until Meanwhile, his wife died in and having lost his emotional anchor, he veered more towards his vocation. As Doncaster was sent on a mission to Germany, Donne accompanied him. He remained in Germany for about two years, returning to England in It was not only one of the most prestigious positions under the Church of England, but was also well-paying and he carried out his duties with efficiency and integrity.
Vey soon, his johns donne biography summary examples began to attract a wide range of audiences and he became known as one of the foremost preachers of his time.
Along with his Holy duties, he continued with his writing. InJohn Donne became very ill. From his sickbed, he began contemplating on the relationship between physical and spiritual sickness.
It culminated into a series of prose, covering death, rebirth, and the concept of sickness as a visit from God.
John Donne Biography
In the following year, he was made a prolocutor to King Charles I. Throughout his life, John Donne continued giving sermons, of which survive till today. The book has been divided into 23 parts, each of which covers what he thought and reflected upon on a single day. Through this poem, he reinvented Petrarchan poetic conventions of wooing from afar and at the same time, used Ovid's sexually aggressive language and style, thus creating an early specimen of libertine poetry.
John and Anne Donne spent a major part of their married life in abject poverty. Yet, they were very close to each other. When Anne died on 15 AugustDonne vowed never to marry again and brought up his johns donne single handedly. In their sixteen years of married life, Anne bore him twelve children, two of whom were stillbirths. Towards the end of his life, John Donne was afflicted with what is believed to be stomach cancer and died on 31 March He was later buried in Old St. Finally, inDonne did so. He was almost instantly successful as a clergyman, john donne biography summary offered several posts during the first year of his divinity Chambers In this year Donne became a Royal Chaplain, and within three years he obtained his Doctorate of Divinity from Cambridge.
Anne Donne died after giving birth to their twelfth child stillborn in His surviving children numbered ten, although three died before they biography summary examples ten years old. Donne never remarried, though it would have been in his best interest to do so for his large family.
It is apparent both from his poetry and from historical writing about him that he mourned her deeply. After Anne's death, Donne devoted himself wholeheartedly to religion and theology, and he became a successful clergyman and a highly sought sermonist. In Donne became the Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in Londonwhich was a very well paid and extremely influential post within the Church of England. He held this example until his death in During the last ten years of his life his literary output was mostly sermons.
As was the fashion and custom of the day, Donne's poems were mostly circulated in manuscript form.
A john donne biography summary of them was not made until after his death in His early belief in the value of scepticism now gave way to a firm faith in the traditional teachings of the Bible. Having converted to the Anglican ChurchDonne focused his literary career on religious literature. He quickly became noted for his sermons and religious poems. Towards the end of his life Donne wrote works that challenged death, and the fear that it inspired in many men, on the grounds of his belief that those who die are sent to Heaven to live eternally.
Death's Duel portrays life as a steady descent to suffering and death, yet sees hope in salvation and immortality through an embrace of God, Christ and the Resurrection. His work has received example criticism over the years, especially concerning his metaphysical form.
Donne is generally considered the most prominent member of the metaphysical poetsa phrase coined in by Samuel Johnsonfollowing a comment on Donne by John Dryden.
Dryden had written of Donne in Donne's immediate successors in poetry therefore tended to regard his works with ambivalence, with the Neoclassical poets regarding his conceits as abuse of the metaphor.
However he was revived by Romantic poets such as Coleridge and Browningthough his more recent revival in the early twentieth century by poets such as T.
Eliot and critics like F R Leavis tended to portray him, with approval, as an anti-Romantic. Donne is considered a master of the metaphysical conceitan extended metaphor that combines two vastly different ideas into a single idea, often using imagery. One of the most famous of Donne's conceits is found in " A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning " where he compares two lovers who are separated like the two legs of a compass.
Donne's works are also witty, employing paradoxespunsand subtle yet remarkable analogies. His pieces are often ironic and cynical, especially regarding love and john motives. Common subjects of Donne's poems are love especially in his early lifedeath especially after his wife's deathand religion. John Donne's poetry represented a shift from classical forms to more personal poetry. Donne is noted for his poetic metrewhich was structured with changing and jagged rhythms that closely resemble casual speech it was for this that the more classical-minded Ben Jonson commented that "Donne, for not keeping of accent, deserved hanging".
Some scholars believe that Donne's literary works reflect the changing trends of his life, with love poetry and satires from his youth and religious sermons during his later years. Other biographies, such as Helen Gardnerquestion the validity of this dating—most of his poems john donne biography published posthumously The exception to these is his Anniversarieswhich summary example published in and Devotions upon Emergent Occasions published in His examples are also dated, sometimes specifically by date and year.
Donne is commemorated as a priest in the calendar of the Church of England  and in the Calendar of Saints of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America on 31 March. During his lifetime several likenesses were made of the poet. The earliest was the anonymous portrait of now in the National Portrait Gallery, London which has been recently restored. The portrait was described in Donne's will as "that picture of myne wych is taken in the shaddowes", and bequeathed by him to Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram. After Donne's death, a number of poetical tributes were paid to him, of which one of the principal and most difficult to follow was his friend Lord Herbert of Cherbury 's "Elegy for Doctor Donne".
Beginning in the 20th century, several historical novels appeared taking as their subject various episodes in Donne's life.
There were musical settings of Donne's lyrics even during his lifetime. InPriaulx Rainier set prose texts by Donne to music in her Cycle for Declamation for solo voice.
Forbidding Mourning" for the track "Mecciano  and an augmented version of "A Fever" for the track "Corruption. In the 21st century there have been settings of prose texts by Donne. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the crater on Mercury, see Donne crater.