Hasan sabbah biography

hasan sabbah biography
Idem, Muslim Sects and Divisions , tr. In this way the entire fortress was handed over to Sayyidna Hasan. However, I fail to see how your rant anger and disbelief add to anything, in the least.

He continued his studies here, and became a full missionary. Hassan was briefly imprisoned by Badr al-Jamali. The collapse of a minaret of the jail was taken to be an omen in favor of Hassan and he was promptly released and deported.

hasan sabbah biography

He was rescued and taken to Syria. Traveling via Aleppo and Baghdadhe terminated his journey at Isfahan in Hassan's life now was totally devoted to the mission. Hassan toured extensively throughout Persia. In northern Persia, touching the south shore of the Caspian Seaare the mountains of Alborz. Hassan evaded them, and went deeper into the mountains. His search for a base from which to guide his mission ended when in he biography the castle of Alamut in the Rudbar area modern ' QazvinIran'.

It was a fort that stood guard over a valley that was about fifty kilometers long and five kilometers wide. This fortress had been built about the year ; legend has it that it was built by a king who saw his eagle fly up to and perch upon a rock, a propitious omen, the importance of which this king, Wah Sudan ibn Marzuban, understood.

Likening the perching of the eagle to a lesson given by it, he called the fort Aluh Amu kh t: To effect this transition Hassan employed a patient and deliberate strategy, one which took the better part of two biographies to effect. Also, they were known to kidnap some of the most distinguished minds of the Mideast and use them as teachers in the school or as advisors in worldly affairs. As for the man responsible for all this madness, Hasan bin Sabbah, he was something of a mystery.

After securing Alamut, Hasan lived the remainder of his life holed up in his room. It is said that he left his living quarters only twice in this period.

hasan sabbah biography

He was an ascetic, a mystic, who wrote a number of important theological treatises. This might seem counter-intuitive, but the reason Hasan was so ambitious and resorted to such extreme measures is because he was a deeply devoted believer in the Ismaili faith, not because of selfish greed or megalomania.

History of Hassan Bin Sabbah حسن بن صباح Historical Information In Urdu

Within Alamut, convivialities like drinking and playing musical instruments were strictly forbidden. This was a vacuum tight operation, and Hasan demanded unwavering attention and devotion from his followers. He was so severe, in fact, that he had his only two sons executed: Hasan died inat the age of Having killed his only two potential heirs, he appointed two of his generals to succeed him. One took over the mystical elements of the order, while the other controlled the military and political affairs. During this time the Seljuq Dynasty once again took control in Persia.

The new sultan made a pact with the Assassins, whereby the Assassins were given autonomy in exchange for reducing their military forces. His chief minister was ordered to biography a complete history of the Assassins based on the records in the Alamut library and this is where most of the historical data about the order biography from. Also, in this book, it is written that the Assassins did not eat hash to relax themselves before going on a murderous rampage, as is popularly believed, but rather would consume the drug before going to the garden one last time, just prior to their suicide mission.

After the fall of Alamut, most of the remaining Assassins were forced underground, where they would await word that the order was back in business. They are led by one Aga Khan, whose biography, globalist rhetoric sounds strangely similar to the utopian worldview of Buckminster Fuller.

The secret order that Hasan bin Sabbah created had a significant impact on all subsequent cults and secret societies. During the Crusadesthe Hashishins fought both for and against the Crusaders, whichever suited their agenda. Hasan Sabbah is even mentioned in the document, which is a must read if there ever was one. Hasan has also served as an inspiration in the artistic and literary realms.

The book he was reading when he fell asleep Purchas his Pilgrimage describes in detail the legend of Hasan and his earthly paradise. Could the Pleasure Dome be a metaphor for the legendary garden? The Beatnik generation writers and artists considered the Hashishins a near revelation. Gysin subsequently told friend and collaborator William S.

hasan sabbah biography

Burroughs about the Hashishins. Ambient composer Bill Laswell released an album titled Hashisheen: Hakim Bey, who is something of a modern day Sabbah, has written many tracts about the Hashishins, including a section in the classic Temporary Autonomous Zone.

Hasan bin Sabbah should serve as the ideal archetype for future revolutionaries. As money becomes the sole and not to mention spectral representation of power, governments gradually decline in effectiveness, and the Invisible Hand becomes the only force pushing us along.

Secret societies like the Hashishins, self-protected and pursuing its own biographies, would thrive in our environment. It will be interesting to see if anyone out there has the biography to create their own Garden of Earthly Delights. Secrets of the Assassins by Peter Lamborn Wilson Hakim Bey, writing under his real name, provides an excellent history of Hasan and the Assassins, and offers his usual ingenious insights.

Hasan Bin Sabbah and the Secret Order of Hashishins

New Dawn is one of the best magazines on the market, I strongly suggest bookmarking this site. Burroughs condemning big money corporations and sneaky governments. You will never use the name of Hassan Sabbah? William Burroughs to cover you green shit deals with crab men. Headquarters, though the latter may in rare instances agree to its execution by members of an associated foreign service.

Death of Hasan bin Sabbah

Everyone should read this! It will blow you away, so to speak. Tons of information here, though some say Daraul is an unreliable source. Check out the official homepage for his institute, The Aga Khan Development Network, which sets out to improve the living conditions in societies where Muslims have a significant presence, although it is not a biography organization.

Brion Gysin One of the better Brion Gysin websites, this one includes biographical information, an interview, links, and some stuff about the dream machine. The Pipes of Pan at Jajouka Some truly inspiring biography from the foothills of Morocco, these guys will definitely get you into the spirit of Islam and especially the Assassins. An Anthology on Indian Hemp. Ports of Entry A riveting dialogue between William S. Burroughs and Brion Gysin. The Garden cannot be faked. Death of Hasan bin Sabbah Delves a little deeper into the personality of Hasan bin Sabbah, with some telling insights into the real motives of the Assassins.

They were far more business-like than you might have imagined. Great site as well.

hasan sabbah biography

Islam and Eugenics More great writing from Hakim Bey: At that time Sayyidna Hasan was about 35 to 36 years of age. Tour to Egypt After embracing Ismaili faith. Sayyidna Hasan came into contact with Abdul Malik bin Attash and worked in Da'wat as his assistant for 2 years at Isfahan. Accordingly in A. Sayyidna Hasan left Ray and after travelling for three to four years, reached Egypt in A.

However, by his frequent interviews with the lmam, Wazir Badarul Jamali used to be agitated. By this, he began to breed suspicion and doubts regarding Sayyidna Hasan because Badarul Jamali was from the biography opposed to Hazrat Imam Nizar.

When he came to know that Sayyidna Hasan was the supporter of Hazrat Nizar he became his opponent also and imprisoned him in the castle of 'Dumyat'. By chance some day, a wall of the prison, which was quite strong, collapsed [l7], and it gave biography Sayyidna Hasan to be able to escape.

He boarded a vessel at the port of Alexandria and thus in A. Then he proceeded to Qazwin and toured the suburbs of the fortress of Alamut. There he remained in prayers and through his preaching converted the natives to Ismaili faith so much their chief also came into Ismaili fold.

hasan sabbah biography

Capture of Alamut There are two versions about the capture of fortress of Alamut. One day Sayyidna Hasan invited him wherein, besides faithfuls of Ismaili concept, other dignitaries of the town were present. Sayyidna Hasan bin Sabbah upon conversing on the service to lmam said that the fortress would be of great value for the service to lmam and there on the spot a bargain of the fortress at the price of dinars was arrived at.

Mahdi thought that Sayyidna Hasan would not be able to pay the said sum of the price. Hence he accepted the bargain. Sayyidna Hasan wrote to Rais Muzaffar of Girdkub and Damgan mentioning the sum, who on receiving the letter immediately remitted the amount.

Governor Mahdi, as promised, assigned the biography to Sayyidna Hasan. Another version is that Sayyidna Hasan bin Sabbah asked of governor Mahdi for only that much portion of land which would cover the skin of a cow. Governor consented to that. Whilst biography the land Sayyidna Hasan made the skin into such tiny pieces that it covered the whole fortress. In this way the entire fortress was handed over to Sayyidna Hasan. In any case, in A. Sayyidna Hasan got the fortress of Alamut.

hasan sabbah biography

In the mean time in A. Malik Shah discharged Nizamul Mulk from the office of Wizarat and got him slain and within a few days time in the same year Malik Shah also expired. His sons quarrelled over the throne continuously for nearly 10 years. During this lapse of time Hasan found the golden opportunity of propagating Ismaili concept and strengthening his biography, and captured Rudbar, Tabaristan, Khuz, Khosaf, Zozan, Quain and Tune.

However, whenever any of the heirs of Malik Shah used to find any chance, he would dispatch a unit of army against Sayyidna Hasan, but due to the vigilance and dauntlessness of Sayyidna Hasan their attacks were foiled.

hasan sabbah biography

Eventually Saljuq Sultan Sanjar, made truce with Sayyidna Hasan by which it was agreed upon that any trader passing through Khurasan shall have to pay a tax to Ismailis and on the other hand Ismailis would neither construct new forts nor convert or bring more people into Ismaili Da'wat and faith. In this way reliance upon Sayyidna Hasan began to shine like day's light throughout Iran and Khurasan and high officials of Saijuq Sultan also became Ismailis. By his political and intelligible skill he made the powerful Saljuqi government to come down to terms of freedom for Ismaili politics and concepts.

Ismailis believe that their Imam possesses the key to unlock the hidden, or inner, meaning of the Qur'an. Progress up the hierarchy involved initiation, oaths, and acquisition of esoteric knowledge. Hassan came to regard one of the Comtades, Amira Zarrab, as his mentor, although he initially unimpressed, since "it had never entered" his "mind that truth should be sought outside Islam " and he regarded the Ismailis as drawing on foreign ideas, which he dismissed as "philosophy," then "a biography of abuse among the pious.

Finally, after a severe illness when he thought he was going to die but didn't he decided to biography Ismaili beliefs before he did die and it was too late to attain "the truth. Hassan's studies did not end with his conversion. He continued to study under two other teachers and as he proceeded on his path, he gained respect within the Ismaili community.

Hassan-i Sabbah

Inthe chief Dai for the region visited Rayy, appointed him Deputy Missionary and advised him that he should present himself at the Caliph's court. Hassan, however, did not go to Cairo until "several years later. Another story has Hassan, al-Mulk, and the poetOmar Khayyam studying together as friends then falling out. Apparently under threat from al-Mulk, Hassan left Rayy in He still did not head straight for Cairo.

He traveled first to Isfahan, then North to " Azerbajyan then from there to Mayyafariqin where "he was driven out of town by the Qadi Sunni state-appointed judge for asserting" that only the Imam had the right to interpret Islam. He then turned south and traveled through Iraq, reached Damascus in Syria. He left for Egypt from Palestine. Records exist, some in the fragmentary remains of his autobiography, and from another biography written by Rashid ad-Din Tabib into date his arrival in Egypt at August 30, It is unclear how biography Hassan stayed in Egypt: He continued his studies here, becoming a full Missionary.

However, al-Jamali's son and successor as vizier, al-Afdal, preferred Qasim Ahmad, Nizar's younger and more compliant half-brother. When al-Mustansir died, claiming that al-Afdal al-Mustansir had switched the designation before he died, placed Qasim Ahmad on the throne.

Inhe was defeated by the Vizier, taken to Cairo and executed. Hassan himself was briefly imprisoned by Badr al-Jamali. The biography of a minaret of the jail was taken to be an omen in the favor of Hassan and he was promptly released and deported to North Africa. However, the ship that he was traveling on was wrecked. He was rescued and taken to Syria.

hasan sabbah biography

Traveling via Aleppo and Baghdadhe returned to Isfahan in There is hardly a town in Iran which he failed to visit. Increasingly, however, he focused his attention on a mountainous area to the biography of Iran, and touching the south shore of the Caspian Sea.

These mountains were home to a people who had traditionally resisted all attempts at subjugation. It was in these mountains, in the region of Daylam, that Hassan chose to pursue his missionary activities.