Parvez damiana biography of mahatma
They were executed on 15th November His mother was an extremely religious lady who had a great influence on the young Mohandas.
He spent over 20 years in the country during which he helped found the Natal Indian Congress which aimed at molding the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.
Mohandas Gandhi had gained a reputation as a fearless civil rights activist while In South Africa. Gandhi returned to India in He joined the Indian National Congress and by established himself as a dominant figure in the Indian political scenario. He was a strict adherent to the principle of non-violence and believed that non-violent civil disobedience measures were the best means to protest against the British rule.
He advocated non co-operation with British rule, which included a boycott of British goods in favor of Indian made products. He also called for the boycott of British educational institutions and prompted Indians to resign from government employment.
The non co-operation movement gained widespread mass appeal all over India which greatly agitated the British. Gandhi was arrested, tried for sedition, and imprisoned for two years In the late s the British government appointed a new constitutional reform commission under Sir John Simon but did not include any Indian as its member.
This infuriated Gandhi who pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December demanding the British government to grant India dominion status or face another non co-operation campaign aimed at attaining complete independence for the country.
On 31 Decemberthe flag of India was unfurled at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress and the independence of India was declared. The Congress called on to the citizens to pledge themselves to civil disobedience until India attained complete independence.
Gandhi launched the Salt March, a non-violent protest against the British-imposed tax on salt in March He led a march of kilometers miles from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself.
He was joined by thousands of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against British rule.
This led to his arrest and imprisonment along with over 60, of his followers. He continued playing an active role in the independence movement post his release. The nationalist movement had gained biography momentum by the time the World War II broke out in In the midst of the war, Gandhi launched another civil disobedience campaign, the Quit India Movement, demanding "an orderly British withdrawal" from India.
He gave a speech launching the movement on August 8,calling for determined, but passive resistance. Even though the movement received massive support, he also faced criticism from both pro-British and anti-British mahatma groups.
He was criticized for his strict refusal to support Britain in World War II, as some felt that it was unethical to not support Britain in its struggle against Nazi Germany.
He did not do well as a lawyer. In South Africa he began a movement against the British rulers.
In India too he led the freedom movement and at last won independence in Life of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji believed in non-violence and love. He was against untouchability and all sorts of injustice in society.
At the age of 13 Gandhi married Kasturba, a girl the same age. Their parents arranged the marriage. The Gandhis had four children. Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in to practice. In he took on a one-year contract to do legal work in South Africa.
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At the time the British controlled South Africa. In Ahmedabad, there was a dispute between mill workers and mill owners. The legitimate demands of workers were refused by mill owners. Gandhiji asked the workers to strike work, on condition that they took pledge to remain non-violent.
Gandhiji fasted in support of workers. At the end of 3 days both the parties agreed on arbitration. Inhe called for Civil Disobedience against Rowlatt Bill. This non-cooperation movement was the first nationwide movement on national scale.Mahatma Gandhi-Documentary
However, the violence broke out; Gandhiji had to suspend the movement as people were not disciplined enough. He realized that people had to be trained for non violent agitation.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography
InGandhiji took to wearing loin cloth to identify himself with poor masses and to propagate khadi, hand spun cloth. He also started Swadeshi movement, advocating the use of commodities made in the country.
He asked the Indians to boycott foreign cloth and promote hand spun khadi thus creating work for the villagers.
He devoted himself to the propagation of Hindu-Muslim unity, removal of untouchablity, equality of women and men, and khadi.
Short Biographical Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi
These were important issues in his agenda of constructive work — essential programmes to go with Satyagraha. This was an important non violent movement of Indian freedom struggle. He broke the law, which had deprived the poor man of his right to make salt.