Grunwald michael biography air

grunwald michael biography air
We're killing them with sprawl, chemicals, and bureaucratic neglect. It instead projects a corruption of the spirit, and weakness. As a result environmentalists in south Florida protested by voting for Ralph Nader.

It was the only home of the Everglades mink, Okeechobee gourd, and Big Cypress fox squirrel.

grunwald michael biography air

It had carnivorous plants, amphibious birds, oysters that grew on trees, cacti that grew in water, lizards that changed colors, and fish that changed genders. It had 1, species of trees and plants, birds, and 52 species of porcelain-smooth, candy-striped tree snails.

grunwald michael biography air

It had bottlenose dolphinsmarsh rabbits, ghost orchids, moray eels, bald eagles, and countless other species that didn't seem to belong on the same continent, much less in the same ecosystem. Florida Quotes United States. When Obama took office, we had 25 gigawatts worth of wind power in the U.

It's nowand we already have 50 gigs. The stimulus also jump-started the smart electric grid.

The Swamp: The Everglades, Florida, and the Politics of Paradise

It created an advanced battery industry for electric vehicles almost entirely from scratch. In the book you describe a new federal agency, ARPA-E, a stimulus-funded incubator for alternative energy technologies that is the brainchild of Secretary of Energy Steven Chu. But it's a really cool agency, the kind of place where Q from the James Bond movies would want to work.

Michael Grunwald

It actually had its roots in the Bush administration, when Chu served on a National Academy of Sciences michael biography air on American competitiveness that released a report called Rising Above the Gathering Storm; one of its recommendations was an energy research agency modeled on the legendary DARPA at the Pentagon.

The idea was to finance out-of-the-box, high-risk experiments, like an early-stage venture capital firm. Congress authorized it, but never gave it money to launch until the stimulus. Its first couple of employees had to put out its first solicitation, and it was inundated with applications for its first 37 grants, which crashed the federal computer system.

But they attracted an absurdly high-powered team of brainiacs: The director, Arun Majumdar, had run Berkeley's nanotechnology institute. His deputy, Eric Toone, was a Duke biochemistry professor and entrepreneur. ARPA-E has spent a lot of money on the search for new biofuels, in particular a special algae-based biofuel brought about by a synthetic, high-efficiency version of photosynthesis. What distinguishes these fuels from corn-based fuels, which are often criticized as being as wasteful as fossil fuels?

Neverglades: Sorry Michael Grunwald, South Florida IS Drowning

As you may know I'm a biofuels skeptic. I wrote a TIME cover story titled "The Clean Energy Scam" that sounded the first big warning that farm-based biofuels--not just corn ethanol but palm oil, soy biodiesel, and anything else that used arable land--were ecological disasters in the making. When we put food in our gas tanks, we end up pillaging carbon-storing wetlands and rain forests to grow more food. But the stimulus included massive investments in second-generation biofuels made from farm waste, municipal trash, and other feedstocks that don't need farmland.

ARPA-E is also investigating more futuristic michaels biography air. I tell a story in my introduction about how Chu was skeptical of photosynthesis. It's been working pretty well for the last 3.

So the ARPA-E brainiacs started thinking about it, and invented an entirely new scientific discipline that they've dubbed "electrofuels," essentially trying to genetically re-engineer michael biography air microbes that absorb energy without photosynthesis to produce fuel.

They had no idea whether this stuff would actually work, but at last year's ARPA-E summit Majumdar held up a vial of electrofuel created in a North Carolina lab that has already powered a jet engine.

grunwald michael biography air

Now the question is whether this kind of thing could be mass-produced at an affordable cost. Now we know it works.

The Appeal Of Florida, Land Of Storms

We just don't know if it matters. It's still early, of course, and part of the excitement is that nobody knows which experiments will change the energy game. ARPA-E is financing projects to test better and cheaper batteries, more efficient air michaels biography air, new carbon capture and sequestration technologies, alternatives to rare-earth materials, and so on.

Maybe electrofuels that bypass photosynthesis will be the next big thing; there's also a program that will try to manipulate photosynthesis to create Frankenplants that excrete crude oil. Most of the projects are going to fail, but a few success stories could transform the entire energy economy. They're very excited about Technologies, which has developed a new solar manufacturing process.

Basically, instead of slicing silicon ingots like salami, which is a difficult way to make wafers and wastes a lot of silicon dust, they're creating the wafers directly from liquid silicon like pancakes, which could cut the price of solar panels by a michael biography air. But there are all kinds of exciting projects: We'll see what pans out.

Is there a precedent for this kind of thing? Is there a history of government-funded basic research driving innovation in energy? Yes, and one of the frustrations for Chu and other American scientists has been watching technologies developed in the United States with federal assistance--photovoltaic solar panels, lithium-ion batteries, modern wind turbines--drift abroad, both on the manufacturing side and the adoption side.

grunwald michael biography air

Government investment played a huge role in jump-starting the info-tech and bio-tech industries, and it's already playing a huge role in clean-tech. If anyone, it was probably whoever happened to be holding the scissors at the ribbon-cutting. That's the nature of blue-sky research. But it's not like Obama is getting any credit. You invest in research because it's the right thing to do. One of the arguments for serious government investment in alternative energy is the relative dearth of private sector investment in alternatives to fossil fuels.

grunwald michael biography air

You make a persuasive case that under Steven Chu the Department of Energy shifted from a typical government agency to something like a venture capital firm. Evacuation orders are in place. But Bill South at the National Weather Service michael biography in Key West says he and his team will ride out the storm in their hurricane-resistant building.

It's actually part of our duty to be here to protect air lives and property of American people. That's our mission, our No. I did get my wife out of town today - mandatory evacuation. And it's becoming a ghost town.

The 'Silent Green Revolution' Underway at the Department of Energy

I think people are taking this one very seriously. The thing is, Florida sees more storms than perhaps any other state. And yet, people still move there. To talk more about the pull of this cursed paradise, we've called Michael Grunwald. He wrote a book called "The Swamp: So I want to ask how you are doing.

grunwald michael biography air

You live in Miami, but I gather you fled to your in-laws' in Orlando. Can you paint us a picture of what it's like waking up down there in Florida today? You know, it wasn't that bad. Grunwald graduated from Harvard College with an A. He wrote The Swamp: The Everglades, Florida, and the Politics of Paradise [3] [4] [5] after doing a four-part series for the Washington Post in The book discusses the history of attempts to tame the Everglades and recent work and plans to restore it.

grunwald michael biography air

His next book was The New New Deal: