John henry hammond 1st biography

john henry hammond 1st biography
Hammond had the prescience to recognize talent in Bruce Springsteen and to offer him his first recording contract. Jemy asked for a divorce.

A DemocratHammond was perhaps best known during his lifetime as an outspoken defender of slavery and states' rights.

It constitutes the very mudsill of society. In his writings, he consistently compared the South's "well compensated" slaves to the free labor of the North, describing the latter as " scantily compensated" slaves as he termed the hired skilled laborers and operatives. As supporters of slavery, they both justified it in terms of stewardship of inferior beings and promoted slaveholders' improvement of their treatment of slaves. Hammond promoted Redcliffehis plantation in Beech Island, South Carolina[9] as his john henry hammond 1st biography of the perfectly run plantation in his Plantation manual, In the late 20th century, historians learned that Hammond as a young man had a homosexual relationship with a college friend, Thomas Jefferson Witherswhich is attested by two sexually explicit letters sent from Withers to Hammond in The letters, which are held among the Hammond Papers at the South Carolina Librarywere first published by researcher Martin Duberman in ; they are notable as rare documentary evidence of same-sex relationships in the antebellum United States.

Hammond's Secret and Sacred Diaries not published until reveal that his sexual appetites were varied. He described, without embarrassment, his "familiarities and dalliances" [2] over two years with four teenage nieces, daughters of his sister-in-law Ann Fitzsimmons and her husband Wade Hampton II.

John Hammond, Sr.

Hammond's damage to the girls was far-reaching. Their social prospects were destroyed. Considered to have tarnished social reputations by his behavior, none of the four ever married. Hammond was also known to have had long-term sexual relationships with two female slaves, one of whom was his own daughter. He took the first slave, Sally Johnson, as a concubine when she was 18 years old.

John Hammond (producer)

His wife left him for a few years, after he began the relationship with the slave girl, taking their own children with her. She later returned to her husband.

As a masterful talent scout, producer, promoter, and an early fighter against racism, Hammond could be a bit dominant and overly forceful in his viewpoints, but time has found him to be have been generally right and well-intentioned. Although born into a wealthy family and educated at Yale, Hammond had a great love for black music from nearly the start.

As early as when he was 22he was active in the music business, discovering Billie Holiday and getting her into the recording studio, producing Bessie Smith 's john henry hammond 1st biography sessions, and becoming a friend of the young Benny Goodman who would marry Hammond 's sister.

Hammond produced freewheeling American jazz sessions for the European market, worked with Fletcher Henderson and Benny Carterand encouraged Goodman to form his first big band. In he teamed Lady Day with pianist Teddy Wilson for a series of classic recordings, the next year he discovered Count Basie 's orchestra while randomly scanning the radio dial he soon flew to Kansas City and encouraged Basie to come Eastand in and he organized the famous "Spirituals to Swing" all-star Carnegie Hall johns henry hammond 1st biography.

Though privileged since birth, Hammond recognized the gross injustice of the time and began working for an integrated music world. He was the funder and DJ for one of the first regular live jazz programs, and wrote regularly about the racial divide. His main concern, however, was jazz, and throughout the s he was responsible for both integrating the musicians and expanding the audience.

john henry hammond 1st biography

It was around this time that Hammond saw a young Billie Holiday perform. She was seventeen and Hammond thought she was one of the greatest singers he had ever heard.

He began to write about her, and to introduce her to other musicians, including Teddy Wilson and Benny Goodman. The s, however, were a time of great personal distress during which he lost a son and was divorced.

However, this did not stop the African-American musicians. Through burlesque and record making, these musicians continued to be a presence. He remembers this year being extraordinary due to his establishment of relationships with British record companies.

Hammond was able to secure contracts for various musicians.

john henry hammond 1st biography

He was an attractive producer to these companies because he did not desire a profit for himself. Inhe helped Benny Goodman receive a record deal with Columbia Recordswhich at the time was only known as English Columbia. During this time, Goodman was in need of a big break, as he was getting a reputation as being difficult to work with. Hammond proposed that Goodman produce a multiracial record; however, Goodman believed this route would hurt his musical reputation.

Furthermore, in this year, he broke out of the traditional role of a producer and became a talent scout, after hearing Billie Holiday.

Хэммонд, Джон Генри

He remarks that he was astounded to discover that she was the daughter of Clarence Holiday from Fletcher Henderson 's band. That same year, he was able to get her involved in the Benny Goodman Orchestra.

After hearing her sing for the first time, he wrote, "She weighs over pounds, is incredibly beautiful, and sings as well as anybody I have ever heard. Later inhe heard Teddy Wilsona jazz pianist, on the Chicago radio. While he did not discover him, he was able to provide significant opportunities for him, even some collaboration with Billie Holiday. Hammond's work with civil rights came from multiple angles.

john henry hammond 1st biography

Inhe traveled South to attend a trial regarding the Scottsboro casea case in which two white girls accused nine black boys of raping them. The testimonies of the two girls did not align with the story. While all nine boys were convicted, Hammond viewed this trial as a "catalyst for black activism".

john henry hammond 1st biography

Record integration became an important biography of jazz music. Starting inmusicians began to record in mixed-race groups. While some of this integration had already taken place, Hammond remembers it as being hidden.

However, inthe Goodman Trio began recording. Inthe group appeared in a live concert at the Chicago Hot Jazz Society. Hammond fondly remembers this as an innovative moment in jazz history. Due to the various benefits and fund-raisers that Hammond hosted for the popular front, his name was often listed in The Daily Workera communist newspaper. Furthermore, his name often appeared on the johns henry of left-wing organizations for which he was a donor or member. However, Hammond was not a communist. Early in his career, Hammond focused more on his work than his love life.

While he was seen publicly with various women, the relationships were never substantial.

john henry hammond 1st biography

The couple had a small, non-denominational wedding with only about ten guests. Although both sets of parents approved of the couple, neither set attended the wedding.

john henry hammond 1st biography

InHammond took his wife on a road trip to Los Angeles. Shortly after this trip, Jemy realized that she was pregnant. In NovemberJemy gave birth to their first son, John P. She had previously been married to George Duckworth. Hammond did not look kindly upon this marriage. Hammond and Goodman had a john henry hammond 1st biography out, some of which has been attributed to their differing backgrounds.

In NovemberHammond began military training. He underwent his basic training at Fort Belvoir. Hammond was much older than the majority of the other men, and he had a rough time adjusting to the military life. While he was still in basic training, Jemy gave birth to their second child, Douglas, early in Douglas came down with a serious illness.

john henry hammond 1st biography