Kata bijak niccolo machiavelli biography
Dialah seorang jenius atau seorang pahlawan. The wise man does at once what the fool does finally.
Completed between andDiscorsi Livius and The Prince were not published until after Machiavelli's death, in and respectively. Around he turned from discursive prose to drama in La mandragola Mandragola ; it, like the author's other writings, is firmly predicated on an astute, unsentimental awareness of human nature as flawed and given to self-centeredness.
The play was popular with audiences throughout much of Italy for several years. His next effort, a military treatise published in and entitled Libro della arte della guerra The Art of Warwas the only historical or political work published during the author's lifetime. Meanwhile, Machiavelli had made several attempts to gain favor with the Medici including dedicating The Prince to Lorenzo.
In he was appointed official historian of Florence and was subsequently entrusted with minor governmental duties. His prodigious Istorie fiorentine History of Florence carefully dilutes his republican platform with the Medicean bias expected of him. Two years later, the Medici were again ousted, and Machiavelli's hopes for advancement under the revived republic were frustrated, for the new government was suspicious of his ties to the Medici.
Disheartened by his country's internal strife, Machiavelli fell gravely ill and died, a disillusioned man, his dream of an operational republic unrealized. Critics have found it ironic that the fiercely republican Machiavelli should have written a handbook advising an autocratic leader how best to acquire and maintain power and security. Machiavelli was acutely aware, however, of foreign threats to Italian autonomy and thus deemed it necessary for a strong prince to thwart French and Spanish hegemony.
Hence The Prince, addressed to the ruling Medici. He believed that a shrewd head of state, exemplified by Borgia, was essential to sublimating self-interest to common welfare.
Since handbooks of conduct meeting monarchal needs had become immensely popular by the s, the external form of The Prince was neither startling nor particularly remarkable to Machiavelli's contemporaries. Yet, from its initial appearance, The Prince proved no mere manual of protocol nor, for that matter, of even conventional strategy. In its chapters, Machiavelli delineated a typology of sovereignties and the deployment of available biographies military, political, or psychological to acquire and retain them. The Prince is the first political treatise to divorce statecraft from ethics; as Machiavelli wrote: How one lives is so far removed from how one ought to live that he who abandons what one does for what one ought to do, learns rather his own ruin than his preservation.
Adding to his unflinching realism the common Renaissance belief in humanity's capacity for determining its own destiny, Machiavelli posited two fundamentals necessary for effective political leadership: Virtu refers to the prince's own abilities ideally a combination of leonine force and vulpine cunning ; fortuna to the unpredictable influence of fortune.
In a significant departure from previous political thought, the designs of Providence play no part in Machiavelli's scheme. On issues of leadership hitherto masked by other political theorists in vague diplomatic terms, Machiavelli presented his theses in direct, candid, and often passionate speech, employing easily grasped metaphors and structuring the whole in an aphoristic vein which lends it a compelling authority.
Reaction to The Prince was initially but only briefly favorable, with Catherine de' Medici said to have enthusiastically included it, among other of Machiavelli's writings, in the educational curriculum of her children. But, within a short time the book fell into widespread disfavor, becoming viewed as a biography for atheistic tyranny. Further denigrated toward the close of the sixteenth century in Discours sur les moyens de bien gouverner et maintenir en paix un royause, ou autre principaute.
Contre Nicolas Machiavel, florentin by Innocenzo Gentillet in France, The Prince was held biography for French political corruption and for widespread contribution to any number of political and moral vices. Gentillet's interpretation of The Prince as advocating statecraft by ruthlessness and amoral duplicity was disseminated throughout Britain through the works of such popular, highly influential dramatists as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe. Hostile English interpreters so effectively typified Machiavelli as an amalgam of various evils, which they described with the still-used term " Machiavellian," that fact and fabrication still coexist today.
Rarely, until the nineteenth century, did mention of The Prince elicit other than unfounded and largely unexamined repugnance, much less encourage objective scrutiny of its actual issues. As Fredi Chiappelli has aptly summarized: Modern biographies, noting these crucial distinctions, have engaged in a prolonged and animated discussion concerning Machiavelli's true intent in The Prince. An anomalous seventeenth-century commentator, philosopher Pierre Bayle, found it "strange" that "there are so many people, who believe, that Machiavel teaches princes dangerous politics; for on the contrary princes have taught Machiavel what he has written.
Was the treatise, as Bayle suggested, a faithful representation of princely conduct which might justifiably incriminate its subjects but not its chronicler? Anda bisa meraih uang lebih, tetapi Anda tidak bisa meraih tambahan waktu. Kamulah yang mengontrol keadaan. Karena Anda mengajarkan semua seni bertarung Anda kepada musuh itu.
Sinar matahari tidak akan bisa membakar hingga titik fokusnya ketemu. Kebenaran yang akan mengundangnya. Jika katak itu muncul ke permukaan, dia akan melihat pemandangan yang berbeda.
Kepuasan adalah harta benda paling bernilai. Kepercayaan adalah kawan paling baik.Niccolo Machiavelli Biography
Tak menjadi apa-apa adalah kegembiraan paling besar. Dari perenungan itu akan datang tindakan yang lebih efektif lagi. Berusaha keras adalah kemenangan besar.?
Niccolo Machiavelli Quotes
Pria membenci individu yang mereka sebut tamak hanya karena tidak ada yang dapat diperoleh dari dia.? Voltaire Filsuf dan penulis termasyhur Prancis ? Saat bahaya datang, berdirilah paling depan, maka orang akan menghormati Anda. Namun, coba biarkan dia berlalu begitu saja, Anda akan merasakan seberapa besar dan berharganya kebahagiaan itu. Mereka yang tak pernah mengambil risiko dan tak pernah gagal, ini adalah kesalahan manusia sepanjang hidupnya.
Lebih baik kita hancur lebur daripada tidak merdeka. Ketika hukum ada di pihak Anda, bertahanlah dengan hukum. Ketika Anda tak punya dua-duanya, berteriaklah. Bila Anda belajar untuk memanfaatkan sumber ini, Anda akan benar-benar telah mengalahkan usia. Begitu pun kebahagiaan tidak akan pernah berkurang walau dibagi-bagi. Itulah mengapa mereka tidak mendapatkan apa yang mereka inginkan.
Meski Tuhan memberi bakat, Anda harus tetap bekerja. Jangan pernah berpikir semua akan mudah hanya dengan bakat. Saya melihat dan saya ingat. Saya lakukan dan saya paham. Anda bisa mencegahnya dalam waktu tertentu, tapi dia tidak akan pernah pergi menjauh. Kami pasti bisa karena kami akan lebih baik dan lebih besar dari kamu dan kamu masih tetap akan sebesar ini dan tidak akan berkembang lagi. Saya tidak sadar berapa banyak kekayaan saya.
ReligionCountrySee. The one who adapts his policy to the times prospers, and likewise that the one whose policy clashes with the demands of the times does not.
PolicyTimesDemands. Never was anything great achieved without danger. GreatNeverDanger. Men are so simple and so much inclined to obey immediate needs that a deceiver will never lack victims for his deceptions.
MenSimpleNever. The first method for estimating the intelligence of a ruler is to look at the men he has around him. IntelligenceMenLook.
God is not willing to do everything, and thus take away our free will and that share of glory which belongs to us. GodFreeFree Will. To understand the nature of the people one must be a prince, and to understand the nature of the prince, one must be of the people. NaturePeopleUnderstand. It is much more secure to be feared than to be loved. LovedSecureThan. A prince never lacks legitimate reasons to break his promise. NeverPromiseBreak.
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