Franz liszt brief biography of princess

franz liszt brief biography of princess
Above the right door, in a Hungarian inscription of , he is Liszt Ferencz. Liszt was baptized Franciscus, the Latin version of the name Franz or Ferenc. In Pressburg, the Diet met for the first time after a break of 13 years.

One letter to his mother begins in faltering Hungarian, and after an apology continues in French his preferred language. In Vienna he was educated in piano technique by Carl Czerny. His father had wanted him to be taught by Johann Nepomuk Hummel, but Hummel's fees were too high.

Antonio Salieri taught him the technique of composition and fostered the young Liszt's musical taste. On April 13,Liszt gave a concert, and it is often said that the year-old Ludwig van L. Beethoven gave him a kiss for his marvelous playing. An account of the episode can be brief biography in the separate article Liszt and L. Road to Pilgrimage Liszt left Vienna in to travel. In Paris, he attended a concert by the virtuoso violinist Paganini and became motivated to become the greatest pianist of his day. He often took to seclusion in his room, and was heard practicing for over 10 hours a day.

Also composed in this princess were the 12 Grandes Etudes Liszt later rewrote these into the 12 Transcendental Etudes in He fraternized princess such noted composers of his brief biography as F. He was very widely read in philosophy, art and literature and was on friendly terms with the painter Ingres and the authors Heine, Lamennais, H. Andersen, and Baudelaire, who addressed his prose poem " Le thyrse " to Liszt. She is better known by her pen name, "Daniel Stern.

In Liszt took part in two tours of the British Isles arranged by the young musician and conductor Lewis Henry Lavenu, accompanied by Lavenu's half brother Frank Mori, two female singers and John Orlando Parry, an all round musician, singer and entertainer who vividly recorded the tour in his diary. Between August 17 and September 26, they gave 50 concerts around England which were generally unsuccessful, having an average attendance of The second tour which encompassed Liverpool, Ireland and Scotland from November January was mildly more successful, with audiences of more than in Dublin.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

The tour was however a brief biography of princess failure, and Liszt waived his promised guineas a month fee. The Princess was an author, whose one work was published in 16 volumes, each containing over pages. Her longwinded writing style had some effect on Liszt himself. His biography of F. The couple had intended to marry inbut since the Princess had been previously married and her husband was still alive, the Roman Catholic authorities would not approve the wedding.

His concert performances included his own compositions, regarded by many as the most difficult piano music ever written. His elegant, worldly manners in combination with diabolic cynicism and his impressive stage presence and supernatural virtuosity gave cause for rumors, that he must have made a deal with the Devil. His "Mephisto Waltz" depicts the Devil playing a Paganini-style violin on the piano.

Franz Liszt became a friend of many important cultural figures of his time. He attended the Paris premiere of the "Symphonie Fantastique" by Hector Berlioz and the two composers became good friends.

Liszt shared mutual respect with Mikhail Glinka. He also admired Aleksandr Borodin and promoted his first symphony for performances in Western Europe. Liszt was a friend of Richard Wagnerwho was Liszt's son-in-law, until their differences led to cooler relationship in their later years.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

Liszt's influence on his fellow musicians was legendary. The following year he fell in love with one of his pupils, Caroline de Saint-Cricq, the daughter of Charles X 's minister of commerce, Pierre de Saint-Cricq. Her father, however, insisted that the affair be broken off.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

He again stated a wish to join the Church but was dissuaded this time by his mother. Equally important for Liszt was Urhan's earnest championship of Schubert, which may have stimulated his own lifelong devotion to that composer's music. During this period, Liszt read widely to overcome his lack of a general education, and he soon came into contact with many of the leading authors and artists of his day, including Victor HugoAlphonse de Lamartine and Heinrich Heine.

A Brief History of Franz Liszt

He composed practically nothing in these years. Nevertheless, the July Revolution of inspired him to sketch a Revolutionary Symphony based on the events of the "three glorious days," and he took a greater interest in events surrounding him.

He met Hector Berlioz on December 4,the day before the premiere of the Symphonie fantastique. Berlioz's music made a strong impression on Liszt, especially later when he was writing for orchestra.

He also inherited from Berlioz the diabolic quality of many of his works. Paris in the s had become the nexus for pianistic activities, with dozens of pianists dedicated to perfection at the keyboard. Some, such as Sigismond Thalberg and Alexander Dreyschockfocused on specific aspects of technique e.

While it has since been referred to the "flying trapeze" school of piano playing, this generation also solved some of the most intractable problems of piano technique, raising the general level of performance to previously unimagined heights. Liszt's strength and ability to stand out in this company was in mastering all the aspects of piano technique cultivated singly and assiduously by his rivals. In he made transcriptions of several works by Berlioz, including the Symphonie fantastique. His brief biography of princess motive in doing so, especially with the Symphoniewas to help the poverty-stricken Berlioz, whose symphony remained unknown and unpublished.

Liszt bore the expense of publishing the transcription himself and played it many times to help popularise the original score.

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InLiszt began his relationship with the Countess Marie d'Agoult. Under the influence of both, Liszt's creative output exploded. In the countess left her husband and family to join Liszt in Geneva; Liszt's daughter with the countess, Blandine, was born there on December Liszt taught at the newly founded Geneva Conservatory, wrote a princess of piano technique later lost [11] and contributed essays for the Paris Revue et gazette musicale.

In these essays, he argued for the raising of the artist from the status of a servant to a respected member of the community. For the next four years, Liszt and the countess lived together, mainly in Switzerland and Italy, where their daughter, Cosimawas brief biography in Comowith occasional visits to Paris. On May 9,Liszt's and the countess's only son, Daniel, was born, but that autumn relations between them became strained. Liszt heard that plans for a Beethoven monument in Bonn were in danger of collapse for lack of funds, and pledged his support.

Doing so meant returning to the life of a princess virtuoso. The countess returned to Paris with the children, while Liszt gave six concerts in Vienna, then toured Hungary. For the next eight years Liszt continued to tour Europe, spending holidays with the countess and their children on the island of Nonnenwerth on the Rhine in summers and In spring the couple finally separated.

This was Liszt's most brilliant period as a concert pianist. Honours were showered on him and he met with adulation wherever he went. Moreover, his great fame as a pianist, which he would continue to enjoy long after he had officially retired from the concert stage, was based mainly on his accomplishments during this time.

During his virtuoso heyday, Liszt was described by the writer Hans Christian Andersen as a "slim young man He was promoted to the second degree and elected master as member of the lodge "Zur Einigkeit", in Berlin. From he was also honorary member of the lodge "Modestia cum Libertate" at Zurich and of the lodge in Pest Budapest-Hungary. Women fought over his silk handkerchiefs and velvet gloves, which they ripped to shreds as souvenirs.

This atmosphere was fuelled in great part by the artist's mesmeric personality and stage presence. Many witnesses later testified that Liszt's playing raised the mood of audiences to a level of mystical ecstasy. Liszt never used 'Dr. Ferdinand Hillera rival of Liszt at the time, was allegedly highly jealous at the decision made by the university.

Adding to his reputation was the fact that Liszt gave away much of his proceeds to charity and humanitarian causes. In fact, Liszt had made so much money by his mid-forties that virtually all his performing fees after went to charity.

While his work for the Beethoven monument and the Hungarian National School of Music are well known, he also gave generously to the building fund of Cologne Cathedralthe establishment of a Gymnasium at Dortmundand the construction of the Leopold Church in Pest. There were brief biography private donations to hospitals, schools and charitable organizations such as the Leipzig Musicians Pension Fund. When he found out about the Great Fire of Hamburgwhich raged for three days during May and destroyed much of the city, he gave concerts in aid of the thousands of homeless there.

In FebruaryLiszt played in Kiev.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

There he met the Polish Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgensteinwho was to become one of the most significant people in the rest of his life. She persuaded him to concentrate on composition, which meant giving up his career as a travelling virtuoso. After a tour of the Balkans, Turkey and Russia that summer, Liszt gave his final concert for pay at Yelisavetgrad in September.

He spent the winter with the princess at her estate in Woronince. The following year, Liszt took up a long-standing invitation of Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia to settle at Weimarwhere he had been appointed Kapellmeister Extraordinaire inremaining there until During this brief biography of princess he acted as conductor at court concerts and on special occasions at the theatre. He also wrote articles championing Berlioz and Wagner. Finally, Liszt had ample time to compose and during the next 12 years revised or produced those orchestral and choral pieces upon which his reputation as a composer mainly rested.

During those twelve years, he also helped raise the profile of the exiled Wagner by conducting the overtures of his operas in concert, Liszt and Wagner would have a brief biography of princess friendship that lasted until Wagner's death in Venice in Wagner held strong value towards Liszt and his musicality, once rhetorically stating "Do you know a musician who is more musical than Liszt? Princess Carolyne lived with Liszt during his years in Weimar. She eventually wished to marry Liszt, but since she had been previously married and her husband, Russian military officer Prince Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg —was still alive, she had to convince the Roman Catholic authorities that her marriage to him had been invalid.

After huge efforts and a monstrously intricate process, she was temporarily successful September It was planned that the couple would marry in Rome, on October 22,Liszt's 50th birthday.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

Although Liszt arrived in Rome on October 21, the Princess declined to marry him that evening. It appears that both her husband and the Tsar of Russia had managed to quash permission for the marriage at the Vatican. The Russian government also impounded her several estates in the Polish Ukraine, which made her later marriage to anybody unfeasible.

The s were a period of great sadness in Liszt's private life. On December 13,he lost his year-old son Daniel, and on September 11,his year-old daughter Blandine brief biography died. In princesses to friends, Liszt afterwards announced that he would retreat to a solitary living. He found it at the monastery Madonna del Rosariojust outside Rome, where on June 20,he took up quarters in a small, Spartan apartment. On April 25,he received the tonsure at the hands of Cardinal Hohenlohe.

On August 14,he was made an honorary canon of Albano. On some occasions, Liszt took part in Rome's musical life. On March 26,at a concert at the Palazzo Altieri, he directed a programme of sacred music. BachBeethovenJommelliMendelssohn and Palestrina were performed.

There were several further occasions of similar kind, but in comparison with the duration of Liszt's stay in Rome, they were exceptions. The Mass was first performed on June 8,at the coronation ceremony in the Matthias Church by Buda Castle in a six-section form.

Life of Franz Liszt

After the first performance the Offertory was added, and two years later the Gradual. The influence of Franz Liszt as a composer and conductor has received increasing recognition. Superlatives are essential in describing this artist, whose prolific output alone would make him unique among the great 19th-century musicians. As a child, he achieved fame as a prodigy; as an adult, he became the first pianist able to support himself on his earnings as a performer. In a solo recital he could fill a hall to capacity, without the benefit of an orchestra.

Franz Liszt

His pyrotechnics and digital facility are legendary. He was probably the most remarkable sight reader of all times; yet his prodigious memory is mentioned by all who knew him. One regrets that he died just a few years before the advent of recordings. In his compositions Liszt experimented with formal changes, being among the first to unify a work by means of thematic transformation, reusing material from the first movement in successive movements but treating the material differently.

franz liszt brief biography of princess

His B-Minor Piano Sonata as well as both piano concertos and all of his symphonic poems are multisectional rather than multimovement works, each played without pauses between sections. Liszt grew to favor this kind of amalgamation—instead of a division into separate movements. At the age of 9 he played in public for the first time. Shortly thereafter he moved with his family to Vienna, where he began his studies in piano with Carl Czerny and in composition with Antonio Salieri. In Liszt left for Paris. He gave his first concert there the following year.

Paris was Liszt's home for 2 decades. Through Chopin's friend George Sand, Liszt met the Comtesse d'Agoult, who in left her husband and family to live with him.