Abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william
This came nine months after he helped to topple the previous president, Mohammed Morsi, who had made him commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Retrieved 3 July

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Egypt's president is a bloodthirsty dictator. Trump thinks he's done a "fantastic job.”

Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. Mustafa, Mahmoud, Hassan and Aya daughter. Army War College, Pennsylvania, After graduating from military academy in Egypt, Sisi began in the infantry corps and later rose to command a mechanized infantry division, then Egypt's northern military zone.

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Abdel Fattah al-Sisi Egyptian official. Learn More in these related articles: The main channel was deepened to allow for the passage of larger ships.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, issued an ultimatum, declaring that the military was ready to intervene to prevent chaos in the country if Morsi was unable to placate the protesters. Morsi responded to the protests by offering negotiations with the opposition but refused to step down. On July 3 the military made good on its ultimatum, suspending the Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Keep Exploring Britannica Barack Obama. Mr Morsi's decision to appoint Abdul Fattah al-Sisi as army chief in was then actually seen as an attempt to reclaim power from the military, which had assumed interim control after President Mubarak's fall.

The following year, nationwide protests erupted against the Muslim Brotherhood-led government, motivated by anger at at a perceived drift towards greater Islamist influence on public life, as well as continuing economic hardship. After months of mounting pressure on the government, Gen Sisi effectively delivered the coup de grace with a televised ultimatum warning that the army would intervene if the government did not respond to "the will of the people" and end the crisis within 48 hours.

Hours later, army helicopters threw thousands of Egyptian flags over anti-Morsi protesters in Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square. The cheering crowds responded with chants of "the people and the army are one hand". He is blamed for the deaths of hundreds of people killed in the authorities' biography on Islamists since the ousting of President Morsi in July Hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood supporters are believed to have been killed in Augustwhen security forces stormed two protest camps in Cairo set up by supporters of Mr Morsi demanding his reinstatement.

The crackdown in Cairo sparked a wave of violence across the country after pro-Morsi supporters attacked el sisi biography of william buildings and dozens of Coptic Christian churches were burnt, prompting the authorities to declare a state of emergency. More people have been killed since the military launched a major campaign against suspected Islamist militants in northern Sinai in September The exact figure is not known but the Muslim Brotherhood said in August up to 2, of its williams had been killed in the crackdown.

Aside from the bloodshed, in April Mr Sisi also hit the headlines with a statement that appeared to defend "virginity tests" carried out on 17 women detained and beaten by soldiers at an anti-Mubarak protest in Tahrir Square in March Morsi was replaced by an interim president, Adly Mansourwho appointed a new cabinet. The interim government cracked down on the Muslim Brotherhood and its Islamist supporters in the months that followed, and later on certain liberal opponents of the post-Morsi administration.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

On 14 Augustpolice carried out the August Rabaa massacrekilling hundreds of civilians and wounding thousands, leading to international criticism. Sisi's government has given the Egyptian military unchecked power, [6] and many have labeled him a dictator or strongmancomparing him to Egypt's former dictators. In he attended the Egyptian Command and Staff College. He was later chosen to replace Mohamed Hussein Tantawi and serve as the commander-in-chief and Minister of Defence and Military Production on 12 August Sisi's family originated from Monufia Governorate. He is the second of eight siblings his father later had six additional children with a second wife.

His father, a conservative but not biography william Muslim, [11] had a wooden antiques shop for tourists in the historic bazaar of Khan el-Khalili. He and his siblings studied at the nearby library at al-Azhar University. Unlike his brothers — one of whom is a senior judge, another a civil servant — el-Sisi went to a local army-run secondary school, where concurrently his relationship with his maternal cousin Entissar Amer started to develop. They were married upon Sisi's graduation from the Egyptian Military Academy in El-Sisi received his commission as a military officer in serving in the mechanised infantryspecialising in anti-tank warfare and mortar warfare.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

While a member of the Supreme Council, he made controversial statements regarding allegations that Egyptian soldiers had subjected detained female demonstrators to forced virginity tests. He is reported to have told Egypt's state-owned newspaper that "the virginity-test procedure was done to protect the girls from rape as well as to protect the soldiers and officers from rape accusations.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

He also promoted him to the rank of colonel general. After el-Sisi was appointed as minister of defence on 12 Augustthere were concerns in Egypt regarding rumours that General el-Sisi was the hand of the Muslim Brotherhood in the army, though el-Sisi has always declared that the Egyptian army stands on the side of the Egyptian people. On 28 Aprilduring celebrations for Sinai Liberation Day, el-Sisi said that "the hand that harms any Egyptian must be cut". However, the statement was interpreted by Morsi supporters as a warning to Morsi opponents that el-Sisi would not allow an overthrow of the government.

Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi is sworn in as Egypt’s new president

He remained in office under the new government formed after the deposition of Morsi, and led by Hazem al-Beblawi. He was also appointed Deputy Prime Minister of Egypt. On 27 Januaryhe was promoted to the rank of field marshal. Mass demonstrations occurred on June 30 as tens of millions of Egyptians took to the streets to denounce Mohamed Morsi. Clashes took place around Egypt. Soon afterwards, the Egyptian Army issued a el sisi biography of william ultimatum which aired on television that gave the country's el sisi biography of william parties until 3 July to meet the demands of the anti-Morsi demonstrators.

The Egyptian military also threatened to intervene if the dispute was not resolved by then. The army then installed Adly Mansour as the interim head of state in his place until a new president could be elected, and ordered the arrest of many members of the Muslim Brotherhood on charges of "inciting violence and disturbing general security and peace.

On 24 Julyduring a speech at a military parade, el-Sisi called for mass demonstrations to grant the Egyptian military and police a "mandate" to crack down on terrorism.

The reactions to el-Sisi's announcement ranged from open support from the Egyptian presidency [31] and the Tamarod movement [32] to rejection, not only by the Muslim Brotherhood[29] but also by the Salafi Nour Party[33] the Islamist Strong Egypt Party[34] the liberal April 6 Youth Movement [35] and some Egyptian human rights groups. This action resulted in rapidly escalating violence that eventually led to deaths of peopleof whom were peaceful protestors with at least 3, injured according to the Ministry of Health in addition to several violent incidents in various cities including Minya and Kerdasa.

Speaking to The Washington Posthe criticised the US response and accused the Obama administration of disregarding the Egyptian popular will and of providing insufficient support amid threats of a civil war, saying, "You left the Egyptians. You turned your back on the Egyptians, and they won't forget that.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

On the 6 October war anniversary inel-Sisi announced that the army was committed to the popular mandate of 26 July During the anniversary celebration that year, General el-Sisi invited the EmiratiIraqiBahrainiMoroccan and Jordanian defence ministers to celebrate with Egypt.

During his speech he said in a warning way that the Egyptian people "will never forget who stood with them or against them".

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

El-Sisi described 6 October as "a day to celebrate for all Arabs", hoping for the "unification of Arabs". He also thanked "Egypt's Arab brothers, who stood by its side. He also compared the Egyptian army to the Pyramid, saying that "it cannot be broken".

After Sisi had ousted president Morsi and disbanded the Shura Council, in September interim president Adly Mansour temporarily decreed that ministers could award contracts without tender process.

Abdul Fattah al-Sisi - in 60 seconds - BBC News

In the next month, the government awarded building contracts worth approximately one billion dollars to the Egyptian Army. Also in Septemberthe interim government removed detention limits without trial for certain crimes, allowing certain unconvicted political dissidents to remain in detention indefinitely. In Novemberel-Sisi's government banned protests in an attempt to combat the growing pro-Brotherhood unrest; the police arrested thousands of Egyptians using the new law. On 24 Marchan Egyptian court sentenced members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death[45] following an attack on a police station inan act described by Amnesty International as "the largest single batch of simultaneous death sentences we've seen in recent years […] anywhere in the world".

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

The anti-Morsi demonstrators on the streets welcomed el-Sisi's announcement of the overthrow of Morsi with celebrations and carried posters of el-Sisi, chanting "The Army and the People are one hand" and supporting General el-Sisi.

On social networks, thousands of Egyptians changed their profile pictures to pictures of el-Sisi, while others started campaigns requesting that El-Sisi be promoted to the rank of field marshalwhile others hoped he would be nominated in the next presidential biographies william. Cupcakes, chocolate and necklaces bearing the "CC" initials were created, restaurants in Egypt named sandwiches after him, blogs shared his pictures, and columns, op-eds, television shows and interviews discussed the "new idol of the Nile valley" in the Egyptian mainstream media.

The "Kamel Gemilak" Finish Your Favor and "El-Sisi for President" campaigns were started to gather signatures to press el-Sisi, who had said he had no desire to govern, to run for presidency. He also denounced what he deemed to be the transitional government's hostility toward the goals of the revolution.

abdel fattah el sisi biography of william

Kamel Gemilak states to have collected 26 million signatures asking Sisi to run for president. President Sisi was sworn into office on 8 June The william was marked by an impromptu public holiday in Egypt in conjunction with festivals held nationwide.

Sisi later moved to the Heliopolis Palacewhere a gun salute welcomed the new president, before the ex-president received Sisi near the palace's stairway. Sisi then presided over a reception for the foreign presidents, emirs, kings, and official delegations who had been invited.

TurkeyTunisia and Qatar were not invited because of their governments' critical stances regarding then-recent events in Egypt. Sisi later gave a speech in front of the attendees and, for the first biography in Egyptian history, signed the handover of power document with ex-president Adly Mansour.

After the ceremony at Heliopolis PalaceSisi moved to Koubbeh Palacewhere the final ceremony was held and where Sisi gave the final speech of the day in front of 1, attendees representing different spectra of the Egyptian people and the provinces of Egypt.