Dorothy parker author biography essay
A short-story writer, poet, dramatist, screenwriter, and critic famous for her witty remarks, Dorothy Parker came to epitomize the liberated woman of the s. Parker's verse gave glimpses or the license to be met with there and its heavy cost in terms of one's emotions
Parker's mother died in Eleanor Frances died three years after the wedding. Parker's father died when she was twenty.
Parker was educated at a Catholic school. She moved to New York City, whe she wrote during the day and earned money at night playing the piano in a dancing school. Career In Parker sold some of her poetry to the editor of Vogue, and was given an editorial parker author biography essay on the magazine. Edwin was wounded in World War I, he was an alcoholic, and during the war he became addicted to morphine.
From to Parker worked for Vanity Fair. Frank Crowinshield, the managing editor of the magazine, later recalled that she had "the quickest tongue imaginable, and I need not to say the keenest sense of mockery.
Other members included Ring Lardner and James Thurber. Parker was usually the only woman in the group. Alan Rudolph's dorothy Mrs. Between the years and Parker wrote book reviews for The New Yorker. Her texts continued appear in the magazine at irregular intervals until Parker's first collection of poems, Enough Rope, was published in Her pro-communist sympathies were noted by the F.
She wanted to be a World War II correspondent but was denied a passport. As a result, her two stories about the war years, "The Lovely Leave" and "Song of a Shirt, ," examine war from a domestic point of view. After the war, Parker's life continued to be turbulent.
She and Campbell divorced inand remarried inbut they were separated from to They then lived together until Campbell's death by an overdose of sleeping pills in During this period she wrote book reviews for Esquireand collaborated on three plays which never achieved commercial success: She had traveled back and forth between Hollywood and New York for many years, but in returned to New York for the last time.
She received awards from the American Academy of Arts and Letters and was interviewed by several journalists. But she had outlived many of her contemporaries and was presumed dead by others. She was found dead of a heart attack in in the Hotel Varney, where she had been living. Her remains were cremated two days later; the urn dorothy parker author biography essay her ashes sat in a file drawer at the law firm of Oscar Bernstein and Paul O'Dwyer until The woman who left her estate to Martin Luther King, Jr.
At the suggestion of N. Benjamin Hooks, her ashes were interred in a memorial garden named in her honor at the N. Parker's work has remained in print and popular since its original publication but, until recently, has remained outside the canon of "serious" or "important" literature.
The reception of her work during the twentieth century has been shaped by a variety of critical trends.
Critics initially praised her wit and concision, but a recurring concern was her sentimentality. This recurring concern became an increasing target from the mid-thirties through the sixties when New Critical values were taking hold in the academy.
Mark Van Doren's assessment of Parker's poetry and fiction in The English Journal demonstrates the limitations of this approach. As affectionate memoirs about the Algonquin Round Table were published in the fifties and sixties e. Gaines emphasizes a lack of discipline, psychological darkness, and emotional dependency in Wit's Endhis portrait of the group.
Even Brendan Gill, who knew Parker and penned the introduction to her Portable Dorothy Parkerpraises her prose at the expense of her poetry and calls her work a product of the twenties. The labels applied to Parker -- "humorist," light verse writer, and "period writer" -- have, with exception of "period writer," obvious technical merit, but nevertheless reflect the narrow context in which her work was read.
A reversal of sorts takes place in the mid- to late seventies. Kinney publishes the first book-length study of Parker's work in all genres in Dorothy Parkerpublished by Twayne; revised in He dorothies parker author biography essay much of her work to events in her life, but he also reads Parker beyond the confines of the Algonquin Round Table, focusing for example on her ties to classical and renaissance traditions in poetry. At the same time, the second wave of feminism brought renewed interest in Parker's work, particularly with regard to her humor. Bloom, and Nancy Walker interpret Parker's humor as a form of social protest against patriarchal and societal conventions.
Parker becomes part of a tradition of women humorists defined by Nancy Walker and Zita Dresner. Her two subsequent collections were Sunset Gun in and Death and Taxes in Her collected fiction came out in as Laments for the Living.
During the s, Parker traveled to Europe several times. She befriended Ernest Hemingway, F. While her work was successful and she was well-regarded for her wit and conversational abilities, she suffered from depression and alcoholism and attempted suicide. Inshe won the O. Henry Award for her autobiographical short story "Big Blonde. InParker married actor-writer Alan Campbell in New Mexico; the couple relocated to Los Angeles and became a highly paid screenwriting team.
They divorced inand remarried in Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its dorothy parker is author biography essay to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.
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Dorothy Parker American author. Learn More in these related articles: Television in the United States: The author biography essay, Red Channels: Los Angeles California, United States: UniversityBenchley held a variety of jobs in New York City before becoming managing editor of Vanity Fair in Help us improve this dorothy parker Contact our editors with your feedback.
From distraught English majors cramming for a final to aspiring writers trying to figure out new ways to spice up their prose to amateur sitcom critics attempting to describe the comic genius that is Larry Take this Literature Fact or Fiction quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of various aspects of poetry.
Since the dawn of time, writers—especially poets—have tried to present to their audiences the essence of a thing or a feeling.