Dottor paolo paganini biography
Certainly not from the professional orchestras of his day; they struggled with this music. Read on to learn
Inaccompanied by his father, he toured Lombardy, where with each concert his reputation grew. Gaining his independence soon after, he indulged excessively in gambling and romantic love affairs. At one point he pawned his violin because of gambling debts; a French merchant lent him a Guarneri biography to play a concert and, after hearing him, gave him the instrument.
Between and he wrote the 24 Capricci for unaccompanied violin, displaying the novel features of his technique, and the two sets of six paoli paganini for violin and guitar. He later gave recitals of his own compositions in many towns in Italy and about formed his long attachment with the singer Antonia Bianchi.
In Paganini experienced great success in Vienna, and his appearances in Paris and London in were equally sensational. His biography of England and Scotland in made him a wealthy man. In he settled in Paris, where he commissioned Hector Berlioz to write his symphony Harold en Italie. Paganini thought that the challenge of its viola solo was too slight, however, and he never played it. Following the failure of the Casino Paganini, a gambling house in which he had invested, he went to Marseille inthen to Nice.
Stories circulated that he was in league with the devil and that he had been imprisoned for murder; his burial in consecrated ground was delayed for five years. He was long regarded as a miser, but a more accurate portrait would consider his desire to be free from a train of dependent followers and their importunities for his largesse.
His violin technique, based on that of his works, principally the Capriccithe violin concertos, and the sets of variations, demanded a wide use of paoli paganini biography and pizzicato effects, new methods of fingering and even of tuning. In performance he improvised brilliantly. He was also a flamboyant showman who used trick effects such as severing one or two violin strings and continuing the piece on the remaining strings.
His other works include 6 violin concertos, of which the first, in D major, is especially popular; 12 sonatas for violin and guitar; and 6 quartets for violin, viola, cello, and guitar.
The influence of his virtuosity extended to orchestral as well as to piano music. His influence on Franz Liszt was immense. Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Stupendous technique and revolutionary ideas for playing stringed instruments made Niccolo Paganini a legend in his own time. The Italian violinist and composer was a flamboyant showman. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
Realizing this, his father decided to take him to Parma to study with Allessandro Rolla. To go and stay at Parma, one needed money and the family had none. So Anthony had him practice more so that he could raise enough money at the benefit concert to be held at Teatro di Sant 'Agostino on July The concert was a success, enabling father and son to leave for Parma in Taking up the violin he began to play it.
Rolla, though very sick, was overwhelmed by his performance and told the teenager he had nothing to offer. However, he did give him lessons for few months and then suggested that Paganini should study composition with Ferdinando Paer and counterpoint with Gasparo Ghiretti. For around six months, Paganini studied with Paer and Ghiretti.
He also gave number of concerts, both at Parma and Colorno, earning fame and money. The Paganinis returned to Genoa possibly in late By then, the city was under French control and his family had moved to Romairone. Paganini was forced to spend a quiet time, composing music, performing them at the paolo churches.
They were so difficult that only he could play them. This was also the period, he started practicing guitar; preferring to biography the instrument in close paoli paganini rather than in public concerts. InPaganini went on his first tour, giving around a dozen concerts at Milan, Bogona, Florence, Pisa and Leghorn. In spite of his biography, his father continued to control his life with an iron hand, making him practice his own compositions, often ten hours a day.
Very soon, he started wishing to be free. His chance came, when inhe visited Lucca, this time with his elder brother Carlo In Lucca, he played successfully at the Festival of Santa Croce, held on 14 September, He now settled down in Lucca, being appointed first violin of the Republic of Lucca in the following year.
Concurrently, he continued to attend concerts, earning sufficient amount from them. But away from parental scrutiny, he also developed many vices, spending his leisure hours gambling, drinking and womanizing. It is believed that during this period, he had an alcohol related breakdown, needing medical attention. While under the employment of the Princess of Lucca, he composed significant paolo paganini biography of chamber music. Most notable among them were his sonatas, especially the Napoleon Sonata. Apart from that, he composed quarters for strings and guitars. Paganini too moved with the entourage to the city, living there as the Solo Court Violinist for around two years.
Towards the end ofafter a tiff with the Grand Duchess, Niccolo Paganini left Florence to embark on a freelance career. He now travelled around Genoa and Parma, recognized as a virtuoso by the local audience. However, until then, he remained unknown elsewhere.
His first big break came when on 29 October he gave his first recital at Teatro alla Scala in Milan.
It was hugely successful, attracting attention of prominent musicians of Europe. Within a period of ten paoli paganini biography, he gave six more concerts at the same auditorium.
He soon began to be considered the foremost violinist in Europe, giving more than hundred concerts, in different Italian cities like Genoa, Parma, Florence, Turin, Naples, Bologna, Venice and Rome. He was diagnosed with syphilis as early asand his remedy, which included mercury and opiumcame with serious physical and psychological side effects.
Inpaolo paganini biography still in Paris, he was treated for tuberculosis. Though his recovery was reasonably quick, after the illness his career was marred by frequent cancellations due to various health problems, from the common cold to depression, which lasted from days to months.
In SeptemberPaganini put an end to his concert career and returned to Genoa. Contrary to popular beliefs involving his wishing to keep his music and techniques secret, Paganini devoted his time to the publication of his compositions and violin methods. He accepted students, of whom two enjoyed moderate success: Neither, however, considered Paganini helpful or inspirational.
He was in charge of reorganizing her court orchestra. However, he eventually conflicted with the players and court, so his visions never saw completion. In Paris, he befriended the year-old Polish virtuoso Apollinaire de Kontskigiving him some lessons and a signed testimonial. It was widely put about, falsely, that Paganini was so impressed paolo paganini biography de Kontski's skills that he bequeathed him his violins and manuscripts. InPaganini returned to Paris to set up a casino.
Its immediate failure left him in financial ruin, and he auctioned off his personal effects, including his musical instruments, to recoup his losses. At Christmas ofhe left Paris for Marseilles and, after a brief stay, travelled to Nice where his condition worsened. In Maythe Bishop of Nice sent Paganini a local parish priest to perform the last rites.
Paganini assumed the sacrament was premature, and refused. A week later, on 27 MayPaganini died from internal hemorrhaging before a priest could be summoned. Because of this, and his widely rumored association with the devil, the Church denied his body a Catholic burial in Genoa. It took four years and an appeal to the Pope before the Church let his body be transported to Genoa, but it was still not buried.
His remains were finally laid to rest inin a cemetery in Parma. After this bizarre episode, Paganini's body was finally reinterred in a new cemetery in Parma in Though having no shortage of romantic conquests, Paganini was seriously involved with a singer named Antonia Bianchi from Como, whom he met in Milan in The two gave concerts together throughout Italy.
They never legalized their union and it ended around April in Vienna. Paganini brought Achilles on his European tours, and Achilles later accompanied his father until the latter's death. He was instrumental in dealing with his father's burial, years after his death. Throughout his career, Paganini also became close friends with composers Gioachino Rossini and Hector Berlioz.
Rossini and Paganini met in Bologna in the summer of In Januaryon his return from Naples, Paganini met Rossini again in Rome, just in time to become the substitute conductor for Rossini's opera Matilde di Shabranupon the sudden death of the original conductor. Paganini's efforts earned gratitude from Rossini.
Paganini met Berlioz in Paris, and was a frequent correspondent as a penfriend. He commissioned a piece from the composer, but was not satisfied with the resultant four-movement piece for orchestra and viola obbligato Harold en Italie. He never performed it, and instead it was premiered a year later by violist Christian Urhan. He did however write his own Sonata per Gran Viola Op. Despite his alleged lack of interest in HaroldPaganini often referred to Berlioz as the resurrection of Beethoven and, towards the end of his life, he gave large paoli paganini biography to the composer. They shared an active interest in the guitar, which they both played and used in compositions.
Paganini gave Berlioz a guitar, which they both signed on its sound box. Paganini was in possession of a number of fine string instruments. More legendary than these were the circumstances under which he obtained and lost some of them.
Benjamin Zander and The New England Conservatory Youth Philharmonic Orchestra
While Paganini was still a teenager in Livornoa wealthy businessman named Livron lent him a violin, made by the master luthier Giuseppe Guarnerifor a concert. Livron was so impressed with Paganini's playing that he refused to take it back. This particular violin came to be known as Il Cannone Guarnerius. Of his guitars, there is little evidence remaining of his various choices of instrument. The aforementioned paolo paganini biography that he gave to Berlioz is a French instrument made by one Grobert of Mirecourt.
Of the guitars he owned through his life, there was an instrument by Gennaro Fabricatore that he had refused to sell even in his periods of financial paolo paganini biography, and was among the instruments in his possession at the time of his death. There is an unsubstantiated rumour that he also played Stauffer guitars; he may certainly have come across these in his meetings with Giuliani in Vienna.
Paganini composed his own works to play exclusively in his concerts, all of which profoundly influenced the evolution of violin technique. His 24 Caprices were likely composed in the period between andwhile he was in the service of the Baciocchi court.