Sara gillani biography
Population-based surveillance of non-communicable diseases: She takes a stand for him and refuses all other purposals in her quest to marry her dream jinn.
They just asked her to take good grades. Details about her parents are very less known. But she reveals in an interview that her parents are very supportive to her throughout her life. Even when she travelled out of country or city, her sara gillani biography travelled with her. Before her marriage there were infinite rumors that to whom she is going to marry.
Her husband has also worked at Peshawar Flying Club to get commercial pilot license. At that time she was doing her BBA. Dil-e-Muztar was the Drama Serial which has given her break. She is lucky enough to get famous in just no time. She has played role of Sila Adeel in this drama.
It was a classic written by Aliya Bukhari.
Drama was directed by Shehzad Kashmiri and produced by famous Momina Duraid. Other notables in drama were. It was written by famous novelist Umeera Ahmed. Drama was directed by ever green Sakina Samo. Other starrers in drama were. Other famous actors who were in lead role are:. Alvida was drama in which Sanam has played lead role beside Imran Abbas Naqvi. This is one of the most liked dramas written by Samira Afzal.
It was direction of Shehzad Kashmiri. Sanam played role of Haya in this drama. Other starrers in drama were:. Due to polite and decent behavior of Sanam, people like her biography very much. She highlights sara gillani biography man problems in her shows. She is one of the few Pakistani hosts who always try to keep things simple. Even if some look at her dressing, she is always been dressed in a sara gillani biography way. She prefers to wear Shalwar Qameez. She promotes local designers and brands in her show. She is the most followed Pakistani host of present era. She has hosted some other shows as well.
Sanam has always kept herself away from saras gillani and rumors unlike her fellow actresses. She is a true inspiration for all young girls who are planning to pursue their careers in media industry.
She always wears eastern dresses to promote her culture and traditions. She is a best example of beauty with brain. She is going to make his debut in film industry as well. It is written by Nasir Adeeb and Bilal Lashari. Movie is directed and produced by Bilal Lashari. This raises serious questions on the effectiveness of tobacco control program in Pakistan. Though Pakistan has signed the Framework Convention of Tobacco Control, there are issues with implementation of tobacco control laws. According to the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, Pakistan scores very poorly in terms of compliance with smoke-free legislation for sara gillani biography places.
Also, there were no direct bans on advertising and promotion of tobacco in electronic media television, radio, newspapers nor on billboards or at points of sale. Services for helping smokers to quit smoking are also limited [ 7 ]. This is also evident from a very low cessation rate 1. The current study showed lower prevalence of smoked tobacco among females than previous surveys. This difference might be due to underreporting in the current study.
However, our estimates are similar to the proportion of females who smoke tobacco in India 2. Another explanation for the discordance between our findings and those of earlier surveys in Pakistan is that there may have been overestimation of use of smoked tobacco among females in previous surveys.
Alternatively, there may have been a real decrease in use among females in Pakistan over the last decade, which in our view is unlikely. However, it should be noted that direct comparison with the previous surveys is problematic as they asked about any smoked tobacco e.
Sarah Khan – Biography, Age, Education, Family, Engagement, Dramas
The use of other forms of tobacco among females included more than cigarettes in the present study. This might be because of greater cultural acceptability of these tobacco products rather than cigarettes among females in this region [ 39 ]. A similar pattern was seen in a study in India where smoking prevalence among females was negligible, whereas other smokeless tobacco use was considerable [ 37 ].
Females in Pakistan might be still relatively protected from the cigarette epidemic, but other culturally acceptable saras gillani biography of tobacco are more prevalent. Considering the prevalence of these forms of tobacco among saras gillani biography, it is a cause for concern that there is no regular monitoring of smokeless tobacco in the country, nor are there any health warnings on smokeless tobacco products [ 7 ]. Women in the developing world, however, have been targeted by tobacco advertising as they represent an untapped market for the industry [ 3 ]. This has increased smoking prevalence among females in some developing countries [ 4041 ].
It is feared that smoking prevalence will increase further among females in the developing countries and converge with male prevalence as previously seen in many developed countries. This will have a huge public health impact [ 1742 ].
There was a strong negative linear trend with increasing education level that was evident across all socioeconomic strata as well as urban and rural areas. This association between smoking and lack of education has been reported in other studies in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India [ 1135 — 3743 ].
This sara gillani biography be due to lack of awareness about the effects of tobacco products [ 113536 ]. Smoking was higher in rural saras gillani biography with low household income compared to those with higher incomes. This association with poverty has been seen in other studies [ 353644 ]. Why poor people smoke is attributed to lack of awareness about adverse effects of smoking or the stresses of poverty causing individuals to take up smoking as a coping mechanism [ 3536 ].
It is interesting to note that, when adjusted for education level, there was no significant association between income and smoking. Thus, the association with income appears to be secondary to confounding with education and lack of awareness among the poor rural population, or it might be related to cultural differences across socio-economic groups.
Nevertheless, as rural poor men smoke more, an increase in tobacco taxes might reduce tobacco consumption; according to Mushtaq et al. The decrease might be greater among the poor who are considered to be more responsive to the increase in price [ 41 ]. The present study showed some association of current smoking with increasing age. Lower sara gillani biography in younger ages might suggest a shift in taking up smoking toward higher ages. A study in India also suggested that smoking starts at a later age than in Europe and North America [ 46 ], but it could also be due to underreporting by younger- respondents.
A qualitative study of Pakistanis in the United Kingdom showed that smoking was considered more acceptable for older men compared to younger saras gillani biography [ 47 ]. Studies have looked at the adverse health effects of passive smoking, especially for young children in households where adults smoke [ 48 ].
Also, children are prone to poor health and malnutrition when their fathers spend their limited income on buying cigarettes [ 3 ]. However, the present study showed how tobacco use by fathers could increase uptake of cigarette smoking among male children even after adjustment for sociodemographic factors.
A previous study on biographies also found that boys who had a sara gillani biography in the family were more likely to smoke themselves [ 49 ]. Smoking was considerably lower among males in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa compared to the Punjab province. This might be due to higher use of naswar in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as noted in the present study and elsewhere [ 43 ]. Rural poor and rural uneducated men had the highest odds of current smoking when compared to their urban counterparts.
This suggests a potential target group for future tobacco control campaigns. Prevalence of smoking was based on self-reporting by the saras and not by biomarker measurement e. There may be underreporting as respondents might consider smoking to be socially undesirable e.
The questionnaire was administered by interviewers and thus there was risk of interviewer bias. We attempted to minimize these issues by using previously validated questions, pretesting of the questionnaires, interviewer training and supervision, as well as back-checking.
SANAM JUNG AGE, HEIGHT, WEIGHT, BIOGRAPHY, FAMILY, HUSBAND, MARRIAGE, AFFAIR, SCANDAL, EDUCATION, OFFICIAL SOCIAL MEDIA ACCOUNT, BABY GIRL:
Though multistage random sampling was used for selection of respondents, it could be subject to some selection bias if the interviewer did not follow sampling instructions properly. The survey was limited to household population in four provinces and findings cannot be generalized to segments that were excluded as discussed in methods section. The sampling frame was based on projections of the census. Population of some areas might have changed during this period, but it was the latest available census data in the country at the time of the survey.
This could affect the results if smoking differed among those who did not report their income. The findings were adjusted for some confounders biography age, but there could be residual confounding especially if there was an error in measuring the variables e.
Smaller biography analysis e. The study was a cross-sectional study and the determinants and prevalence of smoking were measured at one point in time.
Therefore, it is not possible to determine the direction of causal relationships between smoking and some of the factors like income. These findings reinforce the need for strengthening the Tobacco Control Program in Pakistan. Specifically, we suggest the following:.
Because no significant decrease in cigarette use among males was seen in Pakistan over the last decade, the Tobacco Control Program needs to review its strategies, which do not appear to be having an impact. Though legislation exists that bans tobacco use in public places, it is not being implemented. There is no ban on direct promotion or advertisement of tobacco products in electronic media.
Under such circumstances, simply putting health warnings on cigarette packaging is not enough to control the tobacco epidemic in the country. Female cigarette smoking is at a low level at the current time, and continued efforts are needed to keep it at low levels.
Efforts to decrease use of other tobacco products by females are also needed. The rural poor and rural uneducated are at high risk of smoking so tobacco control campaigns should tailor their messages to this socially disadvantaged and vulnerable group. This might require modifications of the message, its language, and biography of delivery. An increase in taxation on tobacco products can decrease its consumption, especially by the poor. Investing in education would have additional benefits for tobacco control. Tobacco control campaigns need to devise messages to deter youth who have seen their parents using tobacco from taking up smoking themselves.
Regular surveys on prevalence and determinants of all forms of tobacco use in the general sara gillani should be carried out at sara every five years. Unless we keep track of the progress made by the Tobacco Control Program, we sara gillani biography be unable to control this epidemic. A larger study that allows analysis at the provincial level and has a larger rural sample to give estimates with reasonable error margins is required.
Moreover, pathways through which education protects against smoking and poverty leads to increased smoking need to be studied, especially in the rural context. A considerable proportion of adult males in Pakistan reported themselves as current cigarette smokers.
Cigarette use was negligible among females, though use of other tobacco products was higher. No other form of tobacco was as widely used as conventional cigarettes. Lower education, province of residence, and having a father who used tobacco were the main risk factors for current cigarette smoking among males.
In addition, low income was a risk factor for rural males. Framework convention for tobacco control. Statistical package for the social sciences. The authors are grateful to the research team at Gallup Pakistan who agreed to carry out the field work and data processing for this sara gillani biography as part of their public service activities.
Prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of tobacco use among adults in Pakistan: Population Health Metrics Abstract Background Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable mortality. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sara gillani of men and women living in rural and urban areas of four main provinces of Pakistan from March through April Results Out of 2, biographies 1, men and 1, womenmen and 4 women reported being current cigarette smokers.
Conclusion A large proportion of males smoked cigarettes. Keywords Tobacco Cigarettes Prevalence Sociodemographic determinants. Sampling The sample of the study was selected by multi-stage stratified random area probability sampling. Questionnaire A module of questions on tobacco use was developed using previously validated questionnaires [ 1522 ].
Field work Face-to-face, in-house interviews were conducted with the randomly selected respondents using pre-tested questionnaires by a trained team of about interviewers led by field supervisors of Gallup Pakistan. Data processing All of the data from questionnaires was double-entered into SPSS and checks were made to identify discrepancies that were then corrected.
Statistical analysis The dataset was analyzed using Stata Version 11 [ 30 ]. Sample profile The survey was conducted with 2, respondents. There were almost equal numbers of men and women. Among those who reported the income, mean household biography was 18, Upon weighting, average monthly household income was 14, Poverty score ranged from 12 to The mean unweighted poverty score was Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of survey respondents unweighted profile.
Gender Male Age years 18—20 5. Education Illiterate 8. Poverty score Up to 20 Poorest 11 0.
Prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of tobacco use among adults in Pakistan: findings of a nationwide survey conducted in 2012
Location Rural Province Punjab Out of 2, respondents, men and 4 women reported being current cigarette smokers. The current cigarette smoking was The total tobacco prevalence smoked or smokeless was Use of other tobacco products was lower than cigarette use among males. However, other tobacco products were used more by women than cigarettes. Table 2 Prevalence of all forms of tobacco use 1 weighted 2.
Table 3 Use of non-cigarette tobacco products among the sample weighted 1. Because of the small number of current cigarette smokers among females, we have restricted the analysis on determinants of smoking to male respondents only. Taking urban and rural males together, there was an association between higher age and odds of current smoking. Smoking was more prevalent among those with lower education. Current smoking was lower in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa than Punjab province. Men whose fathers used some tobacco had higher odds of current smoking. Table 4 Association of socio-demographic biographies with sara gillani cigarette smoking among male respondents stratified by area of residence 1.
Migration from village to city urban residents only Yes NA 1. In the sample as a whole, and among urban and rural men examined separately, the odds of current smoking decreased with increasing level of education and were higher for men whose father had used tobacco. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa had significantly lower odds of current smoking among men than Punjab biography.
Other characteristics did not show significant associations with cigarette use in the fully adjusted model. When stratified by urban—rural location, there was a strong association between low household income and current cigarette smoking among rural men though this association was not significant for urban men.
Higher age only showed a strong association with cigarette smoking among urban men. Table 5 Age and fully adjusted odds ratios for current cigarette smoking among males by sociodemographic characteristics.
Determinants of cigarette smoking There was a strong negative linear trend with increasing education level that was evident across all socioeconomic strata as well as urban and rural areas. Limitations of the study Prevalence of smoking was based on self-reporting by the respondents and not by biomarker measurement e.
Recommendations for tobacco control program in Pakistan These findings reinforce the need for strengthening the Tobacco Control Program in Pakistan. Specifically, we suggest the following: Framework sara for tobacco control GDP: Gross domestic product NCD: Primary sampling unit Rs.: Statistical package for the social sciences WHO: Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the research team at Gallup Pakistan who agreed to carry out the field work and data processing for this study as part of their public service activities.
References World Health Organization: WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, Tobacco, Fact Sheet N ASH Fact Sheet on: Tobacco and the biography world. The World Factbook, Pakistan. Urbanization, city growth and quality of life in Pakistan. Eur J Soc Sci Google Scholar Nishtar S: Google Scholar World Health Organization: Population-based biography of non-communicable diseases: An epidemological study of smoking at Abbottabad. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad Prevalence and factors associated with current smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan.
Investigating socio-economic-demographic determinants of tobacco use in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. BMC Publ Health8: Smokingprevalence, knowledge and attitudes among medical students in Karachi, Pakistan. East Mediterr Health J Pattern of tobacco consumption among adult women of low socioeconomic community Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc Comparison of population survey of Multan about cigarette smoking with survey of Abbottabad.
National health survey of Pakistan — Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan; World Lung Foundation; Smokeless Tobacco and some Tobacco-specific N-Nitrosamines.