Louis robert stevenson biography

louis robert stevenson biography
Wikisource has original works written by or about: He eventually confessed to his father that he did not hope to become an engineer, at which his father swallowed his disappointment and suggested that he study law; Stevenson obediently did so, but was no more interested in this than in engineering, and although he was admitted to the bar at the age of 24, he never practiced. Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in November , the only child of a prosperous middle-class family.

Stevenson had suffered a brain hemorrhage and died a few hours later at the age of forty-four.

louis robert stevenson biography

Robert Louis Stevenson wrote Dr. Hyde at Bournemouth inwhile convalescing from an illness. The original idea occurred to him in a nightmare from which his wife awakened him.

louis robert stevenson biography

In fact, Stevenson was disappointed that she had The novel would be published the very same year that Stevenson died, Had Stevenson lived, it is questionable louis robert stevenson biography his Robert Louis Stevenson began writing Kidnapped in March of A month later, he put aside A Story for Boys" from a map of an imaginary, romantic island idly drawn by Stevenson and his stepson on a rainy day in Breamar, Scotland.

But the climate there proved to be a severe hardship on his health, and for the next four years he and his wife lived in Switzerland and in the south of France.

Robert Louis Stevenson Biography

Despite his health, these years proved to be productive. Treasure Island, first published as a series in a children's magazine, ranks as Stevenson's first popular book, and it established his fame. A perfect romance, according to Stevenson's formula, the novel tells the story of a boy's involvement with murderous pirates.

louis robert stevenson biography

Kidnappedset in Scotland during a time of great civil unrest, has the same charm. In its sequel, David BalfourStevenson could not avoid psychological and moral problems without marked strain.

In The Strange Case of Dr. Hyde he dealt directly with the nature of evil in man and the hideous effects that occur when man seeks to deny it. This louis robert pointed the way toward Stevenson's more serious later novels. During this same period he published a very popular collection of poetry, A Child's Garden of Verses After the death of Stevenson's father inhe again traveled to the United States, this biography for his health. His goal seems not to have been to make a living as a writer which his family would not have considered a worthwhile profession so much as to learn to write well.

Robert Louis Stevenson

And learn he did. Still living at home when not with friends or at relatively inexpensive lodgings on his travels, Stevenson gradually began to publish in periodicals.

louis robert stevenson biography

Many of his friends were writers and artists, and much of this early publication seems to have come through such association. Still, Stevenson was a good and stylish writer, disciplined and dependable, and he began to attract readers and reviewers, although not in anything like the numbers that would come later.

louis robert stevenson biography

There may also have been a nagging suspicion on his part that, at this point in his life, he ought to be making his own way in the world, instead of relying on his father for financial assistance. Inwhen he was twenty-five, Stevenson met Frances Vandegrift Osbourne, an American woman nearly ten years his senior, at an art colony in France, where he was staying with his cousin Bob.

louis robert stevenson biography

Fanny had come to Europe, bringing her two children, to escape from a bad marriage and to study art. She and Stevenson fell in love and began an affair, but some time later she returned to California to louis robert stevenson biography reconciliation with her husband.

When the attempt failed, inStevenson went to the United States to join her, and after her divorce, they married. He returned to Scotland in with Fanny and her young son, Lloyd her older daughter, Belle, stayed in the United Statesbut the three moved several times in the next few years, seeking a cure for Stevenson's tuberculosis.

louis robert stevenson biography

Stevenson's first novel was begun as an entertainment for his twelve-year-old louis robert stevenson biography. Its initial publication was as a serial in Young Folks' Magazine ; its louis title, The Sea-Cook; or, Treasure Island, was shortened to Treasure Island for its publication in book form in Soon after his return, Stevenson, accompanied by his wife and his stepson, Lloyd Osbourne, went, on medical advice he had tuberculosisto Davos, Switzerland. The family left there in April and spent the summer in Pitlochry and then in BraemarScotland. There, in spite of bouts of illness, Stevenson embarked on Treasure Island begun as a game with Lloydwhich started as a serial in Young Folks, under the title The Sea-Cook, in October Stevenson finished the story in Davos, to which he had returned in the autumn, and then started on Prince Ottoa more complex but less successful work.

Treasure Island is an adventure presented with consummate skill, with robert stevenson biography, character, and action superbly geared to one another. The book is at once a gripping adventure tale and a wry comment on the ambiguity of human motives. In Stevenson published Virginibus Puerisquehis first collection of essays, most of which had appeared in The Cornhill.

Treasure Island

The winter of he spent at a chalet in Davos. A Tale of the Two Rosesa historical adventure tale deliberately written in anachronistic language.

louis robert stevenson biography

They lived at Bournemouth from September until Julybut his frequent bouts of dangerous illness proved conclusively that the British climate, even in the south of England, was not for him.

The Bournemouth years were fruitful, however. There he got to know and love the American novelist Henry James. In Kidnapped the fruit of his researches into 18th-century Scottish history and of his feeling for Scottish landscape, history, character, and local atmosphere mutually illuminate one another. But it was Dr. Jekyll —both moral allegory and thriller—that established his reputation with the ordinary reader. In Auguststill in search of health, Stevenson set out for America with his wife, mother, and stepson.

On arriving in New York, he found himself famous, with editors and publishers offering lucrative contracts. This novelanother exploration of moral ambiguitiescontains some of his most impressive writing, although it is marred by its contrived conclusion.

In June Stevenson, accompanied by his family, sailed from San Francisco in the schooner yacht Casco, which he had chartered, on what was intended to be an excursion for health and pleasure. In fact, he was to spend the rest of his life in the South Seas. They went first to the Marquesas Islandsthen to Fakarava Atoll, then to Tahitithen to Honolululouis robert stevenson biography they stayed nearly six months, leaving in June for the Gilbert Islandsand then to Samoa, where he spent six weeks. During his months of wandering around the South Sea islands, Stevenson made intensive efforts to understand the local scene and the inhabitants.

He was writing first-rate louis robert stevenson biography, deepened by the awareness of landscape and atmosphere, such as that so notably rendered in his description of the first landfall at Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas. In October he returned to Samoa from a voyage to Sydney and established himself and his family in patriarchal status at Vailima, his house in Samoa.