Hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore
It was Rabindranath who placed our country into the most prestigious position in the world though his astounding and immortal contributions to all branches of Bengali literature and language and won the most covetable Nobel Prize in the year for his composition of the Gitanjali, a collection of poems — rendered into English. Tagore was granted a knighthood by the British Crown in which he renounced after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Wellsand Romain Rolland. Hamid Ansari has said that Rabindranath Tagore heralded the cultural rapprochement between communities, societies and nations much before it became the liberal norm of conduct. Tagore was a man ahead of his time. He wrote inwhile on a visit to Iran, that "each country of Asia will solve its own historical problems according to its strength, nature and needs, but the lamp they will each carry on their path to progress will converge to illuminate the common ray of knowledge.

Short Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

Known mostly for his poetry, Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas, and thousands of songs. Of Tagore's prose, his short stories are perhaps most highly regarded; he is indeed credited with originating the Bengali-language version of the genre.

His hindi biography rabindranath are frequently noted for their rhythmic, optimistic, and lyrical nature. Such stories mostly borrow from deceptively simple subject matter: Tagore's non-fiction grappled with history, linguistics, and spirituality.

His brief chat with Einstein"Note on the Nature of Reality", is included as an appendix to the latter. On the occasion of Tagore's th birthday an anthology titled Kalanukromik Rabindra Rachanabali of the total body of his works is currently being published in Bengali in chronological order.

This includes all versions of each work and fills about eighty volumes. Tagore's experiences with drama began when he was sixteen, with his brother Jyotirindranath.

He wrote his first original dramatic piece when he was twenty — Valmiki Pratibha which was shown at the Tagore's mansion. Tagore stated that his works sought to articulate "the play of feeling and not of action".

Рабиндранат Тагор – биография, цитаты и стихи

In he wrote Visarjan an adaptation of his novella Rajarshiwhich has been regarded as his finest drama. In the original Bengali language, such works included intricate subplots and extended monologues.

Later, Tagore's dramas used more philosophical and allegorical themes. The play Dak Ghar The Post Office' ;describes the child Amal defying his stuffy and puerile hindi biography rabindranath by ultimately "fall[ing] asleep", hinting his physical death. A story with borderless appeal—gleaning rave reviews in Europe— Dak Ghar dealt with death as, in Tagore's words, "spiritual freedom" from "the world of hoarded wealth and certified creeds". ChitrangadaChandalikaand Shyama are other key plays that have dance-drama adaptations, which together are known as Rabindra Nritya Natya.

Tagore began his career in short stories in —when he was only sixteen—with "Bhikharini" "The Beggar Woman". This period was among Tagore's most fecund, yielding more than half the stories contained in the three-volume Galpaguchchhawhich itself is a collection of eighty-four stories. Tagore typically associated his earliest stories such as those of the " Sadhana " period with an exuberance of vitality and spontaneity; these characteristics were intimately connected with Tagore's life in the common villages of, among others, PatisarShajadpur, and Shilaida while managing the Tagore family's vast landholdings.

Ghare Baire The Home and the World —through the lens of the idealistic zamindar protagonist Nikhil—excoriates rising Indian nationalism, terrorism, and religious zeal in the Swadeshi movement ; a frank expression of Tagore's conflicted sentiments, it emerged from a bout of depression. The novel ends in Hindu-Muslim violence and Nikhil's—likely mortal—wounding. Gora raises controversial questions regarding the Indian identity. Ignorant of his foreign origins, he chastises Hindu religious backsliders out of love for the indigenous Indians and solidarity with them against his hegemon-compatriots.

He falls for a Brahmo girl, compelling his worried foster father to reveal his lost past and cease his nativist zeal. Tagore flaunts his feminist leanings; pathos depicts the plight and ultimate demise of women trapped by pregnancy, duty, and family honour; he simultaneously trucks with Bengal's putrescent landed gentry.

Kumudini, Biprodas' sister, is caught between the two as she is married off to Madhusudan. She had risen in an biography rabindranath and sheltered traditional home, as had all her female relations. Shesher Kobita —translated twice as Last Poem and Farewell Song —is his most lyrical novel, with poems and rhythmic passages written by a poet protagonist.

It contains elements of satire and postmodernism and has stock characters who gleefully attack the reputation of an old, outmoded, oppressively renowned poet who, incidentally, goes by a familiar name: Though his novels remain among the least-appreciated of his works, they have been given renewed attention via film adaptations by Ray and others: Chokher Bali and Ghare Baire are exemplary. In the first, Tagore inscribes Bengali hindi biography via its heroine: He pillories the custom of perpetual mourning on the part of widows, who were not allowed to remarry, who were consigned to seclusion and loneliness.

Tagore wrote of it: Tagore was the first person excepting Roosevelt outside Europe to get the Nobel Prize. Tagore's poetic style, which hindi from a lineage established by 15th- and 16th-century Vaishnava poets, ranges from classical formalism to the comic, visionary, and ecstatic.

He was influenced by the atavistic mysticism of Vyasa and other rishi -authors of the Upanishadsthe Bhakti - Sufi mystic Kabirand Ramprasad Sen.

Later, with the development of new poetic ideas in Bengal — many originating from younger poets seeking to break with Tagore's style — Tagore absorbed new poetic concepts, which allowed him to further develop a unique identity.

Rabindranath Tagore Biography | रवीन्द्रनाथ टागोर जीवनी

Examples of this include Africa and Camaliawhich are among the better known of his latter poems. Tagore was a prolific composer with around 2, songs to his credit. Influenced by the thumri style of Hindustani musicthey ran the entire gamut of human emotion, ranging from his early dirge-like Brahmo devotional hymns to quasi-erotic compositions. Some songs mimicked a given raga's melody and rhythm faithfully; others newly blended elements of different ragas.

InAmar Shonar Bangla became the national anthem of Bangladesh. It was written — ironically — to protest the Partition of Bengal along communal lines: Tagore saw the partition as a cunning plan to stop the independence movementand he aimed to rekindle Bengali unity and tar communalism. Jana Gana Mana was written in shadhu-bhashaa Sanskritised form of Bengali, and is the first of five stanzas of the Brahmo hymn Bharot Bhagyo Bidhata that Tagore composed.

It was first sung in at a Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress [] and was adopted in by the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of India as its national anthem. The Sri Lanka's National Anthem was inspired by his work. For Bengalis, the songs' biography rabindranath, stemming from the combination of emotive strength and beauty described as surpassing even Tagore's hindi biography rabindranath, was such that the Modern Review observed that "[t]here is in Bengal no cultured home where Rabindranath's songs are not sung or at hindi attempted to be sung Even illiterate villagers sing his songs".

At sixty, Tagore took up drawing and painting; successful exhibitions of his many works—which made a debut appearance in Paris upon encouragement by artists he met in the south of France [] —were held throughout Europe. He was likely red-green hindi blindresulting in works that exhibited strange colour schemes and off-beat aesthetics.

Some of Tagore's lyrics corresponded in a synesthetic sense with particular paintings. Surrounded by several painters Rabindranath had always wanted to biography. Writing and music, playwriting and acting came to him naturally and almost without training, as it did to several others in his family, and in even greater measure.

But painting eluded him. Yet he tried repeatedly to master the art and there are several references to this in his early letters and reminiscence. In for instance, when he was nearing forty and already a celebrated writer, he wrote to Jagadishchandra Bose, "You will be surprised to hear that I am sitting with a sketchbook drawing.

Needless to say, the pictures are not intended for any salon in Paris, they cause me not the least suspicion that the national gallery of any country will suddenly decide to raise taxes to acquire them. But, just as a mother lavishes most affection on her ugliest son, so I feel secretly drawn to the very skill that comes to me least easily.

Tagore also had an artist's eye for his own handwriting, embellishing the cross-outs and word layouts in his manuscripts with simple artistic leitmotifs. Would you like to merge this question into it? Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? Merge this question into. Split and merge into it. Was this answer useful? He was also conferred knighthood inwhich he renounced in after the Jallianwallah Bagh carnage.

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

InOxford University awarded him with a Doctorate of Literature in a special ceremony arranged at Shantiniketan. Tagore married Mrinalini Devi in and fathered five children. Sadly, his wife passed away in and to add to his grief two of his daughters, Renuka in and Samindranath in also died.

Rabindranath Tagore Short Biography in Hindi

He became physically weak during the last few years of his life. He left for the heavenly abode on 7 Augustat age of Tagore has influenced a whole generation of writers across the globe. His impact is far beyond the boundaries of Bengal or India and his works have been translated to many languages including English, Dutch, German, Spanish etc.

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

This venerated poet and author was the first non-European to win a Nobel Prize in Literature. Rabindranath Tagore wrote his first poem at the tender age of eight! He hated the structured education system and dropped out of college in frustration. Tagore was granted a knighthood by the British Crown in which he renounced after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He revolutionized Indian literature and art, and is credited to have started the Bengal Renaissance Movement.

He maintained correspondence with the eminent German scientist Albert Einstein and the two Nobel laureates greatly admired each other.

Rabindranath Tagore

He was a prolific composer with over 2, songs to his credit. While it is common knowledge that Tagore wrote the national anthems of India and Bangladesh, few know that Sri Lanka's national anthem is based on a Bengali song originally written by Tagore in Tagore took up drawing and painting at the age of sixty, and went on to hold several successful exhibitions throughout Europe!

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

He was a widely traveled man and had visited more than thirty countries on five continents. See the events in life of Rabindranath Tagore in Chronological Order.

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

Jhumpa Lahiri Indian, American. Tagore had a great love for nature and many of his poems invoke the simple beauties of the natural world. For Tagore, his religion could be found in the wonders and mysteries of nature — as much as in temples and sacred books.

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

Tagore was a prolific composer of music. He composed over 2, songs which have been popularised and sung widely across Bengal. Like his literature, he broke away from classical constraints to offer a great emotive and spiritual appeal. Tagore was an opponent of British imperialism, though he also felt Indians had a duty to improve their self-education; he said that British rule was partly due to the state India had fallen into.

hindi biography of rabindranath tagore

InTagore returned his knighthood in protest at the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, in which many peaceful Indian protesters were killed.