Versos sinceros jose marti biography

versos sinceros jose marti biography
Molina de Galindo , Isis And for the cruel person who tears out the heart with which I live, I cultivate neither nettles nor thorns:

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Retrieved October 24, from Encyclopedia. One of the greatest prose writers of Spanish America, he is noted for his fluent style and vivid imagery.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

As a poet he wrote the famous IsmaelilloVersos libres c. His disregard for the stilted rhetoric of most 19th-century Spanish literature made him a precursor of the modernismo movement.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

At the age of 16 he was arrested and exiled. He earned his living mostly by contributing articles including some perceptive appraisals of literary, artistic, and political life in the United States to South American newspapers and to the New York Sun.

Simple Verses

A great admirer of the United States, he nevertheless feared the effect of U. Ensayos sobre literatura y sociedad Madrid: Agramonte y PichardoRoberto Daniel Universidad de Puerto Rico. Revista Iberoamericana 41 CruzJacqueline Marzo de Archivado desde el original el 27 de noviembre de Consultado el 20 de mayo de FrancoJean Historia de la literatura hispanoamericana.

Jose Marti

En Tenenbaum, Barbara A. Revista Cubana La Habana, Cuba: Delgado CorreaWilkie KirkJohn M. University Presses of Florida. MasielloFrancine junio de Centro de Estudios Martianos Consultado el 23 de agosto de Retrieved December 20, Retrieved 20 December Retrieved from " https: Modernismo Cuban verso sinceros jose marti biography collections poems Poetry collection stubs. CS1 Spanish-language sources es All stub articles.

On the positive side, Marti was astonished by the "inviolable right of freedom of speech which all U.

Marti applauded the United States' Constitution which allowed freedom of speech to all its citizens, no matter what political beliefs they had. In Maywhile attending political meetings he heard "the call for revolution — and more specifically the destruction of the capitalist system". Marti could not believe that revolution was advocated and was amazed that this could happen because this "could have led to its own destruction". Marti also gave his support to the women's suffrage movements, and was "pleased that women here [took] advantage of this privilege in order to make their voices heard".

According to Marti, free speech was essential if any nation was to be civilized and he expressed his "profund admiration for these many basic liberties and opportunities open to the vast majority of American citizens". The works of Marti contain many comparisons between the ways of life of North and Latin America. The former was seen as "hardy, 'soulless', and, at times, cruel society, but one which, nevertheless, had been based upon a firm foundation of liberty and on a tradition of liberty". Although Marti admired the United States and its society, he thought that America's "dealings with 'Nuestra America' left a great deal to be desired".

Marti alerted and informed Latin Americans that the United States was "totally ignorant of the culture and history of her southern neighbours, and this, combined with the ever increasing phenomenon regarded euphemistically as 'pioneer spirit', augured badly for future relations between the Americas". By the end ofMarti had changed his "sympathetic attitude" towards the United States. This was due to the U. By this time, Marti was getting ready to prepare a campaign that would liberate Cuba. However, this campaign was in danger as talks "re-surfaced in the United States as to whether that country should purchase Cuba from the Spanish government in order to turn the Island into an American protectorate".

Marti argued that "any attempt to sell his patria as if it were some negotiable merchandise, and of verso sinceros jose marti, without taking into account the wishes of people, was completely unacceptable — particularly when the prospective purchaser was the United States". Once it was apparent that the United States verso sinceros jose marti biography actually going to purchase Cuba and intended to Americanize it, Marti "spoke out loudly and bravely against such action, stating the opinion of many Cubans on the United States of America.

Marti became distressed as he knew that in order for him to gain independence for Cuba not only did he have to defeat the Spanish, but also had to keep the Americans out. He insisted on the necessity of building institutions and laws that matched the natural elements of each country, and recalled the failure of the applications of French and American civil codes in the new Latin American republics. In biography to producing newspaper articles and keeping up an extensive correspondence his letters are included in the collection of his complete workshe wrote a serialized novel, composed poetry, wrote essays and published four issues of a children's magazine, La Edad de Oro [64] The Golden Age, His essays and articles occupy more than fifty volumes of his complete works.

José Martí

The rest an enormous amount was left dispersed in numerous newspapers and magazines, in letters, in diaries and personal notes, in other unedited texts, in frequently improvised speeches, and some lost forever. Five years after his death, the first volume of his Obras was published.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

A novel appeared in this collection in Inalso in this edition, his third poetic collection that he had kept unedited: Over the course of his journalistic career, he wrote for numerous newspapers, starting with El Diablo Cojuelo The Limping Devil and La Patria Libre The Free Fatherlandboth of which he helped to verso in in Cuba and which established the extent of his political commitment and vision for Cuba.

Volume two of his Obras Completas includes his famous essay 'Nuestra America' which "comprises a variety of subjects relating to Spanish America about which Marti studied and wrote. Here it is noted that after Cuba his biography was directed mostly to Guatemala, Mexico and Venezuela. The various sections of this part are about general matters and international conferences; economic, social and political questions; literature and art; agrarian and industrial problems; immigration; education; relations with the United States and Spanish America; travel notes".

José Martí (Yo Soy Un Hombre Sincero)

According to Marti, the intention behind the publication of "La edad de oro" was "so that American children may know how people used to live, and how they live nowadays, in America and in biography countries; how many things are made, such as glass and iron, steam engines and suspension bridges and electric light; so that when a child sees a coloured stone he will know why the stone is coloured We shall tell them about everything which is done in factories, where things happen which are verso sinceros jose marti and more interesting than the magic in fairy stories.

These things are real magic, more marvelous than any We write for children because it is they who know how to love, because it is children who are the hope for the world".

Marti's " Versos Sencillos " was written "in the town of Haines Falls, New York, where his doctor has sent [him] to regain his strength 'where streams flowed and clouds gathered in upon themeselves'". Within the poem, he talks about how regardless of the person, whether kind or cruel he cultivates a white rose, meaning that he remains peaceful.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

This coincides with his ideology about establishing unity amongst the people, more so those of Cuba, through a common identity, with no regards to ethnic and racial differences. The kindness of one person should be shared with all people, regardless of personal conflict.

He is considered a major contributor to the Spanish American literary movement known as Modernismo and has been linked to Latin American consciousness of the modern age and modernity.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

His poetry contained "fresh and astonishing images along with deceptively simple sentiments". More important than his style is how he uses that style to put into service his ideas, making "advanced" convincing notions. Throughout his writing he made reference to historical figures and events, and used constant allusions to literature, current news and cultural matters.


For this reason, he may be difficult to read and translate. This is his style to teach delightfully.

versos sinceros jose marti biography

Although he translated literary material for the sheer joy of it, much of the translating he did was imposed on him by economic verso sinceros jose marti biography during his many years of exile in the United States. He continued translating for the rest of his life, including his time as a student in Spain, although the period of his greatest productivity was during his stay in New York from until he returned to Cuba in In New York he was what we would call today a " freelancer " as well as an " in house " translator.

He translated several books for the publishing house of D. Appletonand did a series of translations for newspapers. As a revolutionary activist in Cuba's long struggle for independence he translated into English a number of articles and pamphlets supporting that movement. Like many professionals, he undertook for money translation tasks which had little intellectual or emotional appeal for him. The modernists, in general, use a subjective language.

There is the deliberate intention and awareness to expand the expressive system of the language. The style changes the form of thinking. Modernism mostly searches for the visions and realities, the expression takes in the impressions, the state of mind, without reflection and without concept.

This is the law of subjectivity.