Hephaestus greek god biography for kids
An Athenian founding myth tells that the city's patron goddess, Athena , refused a union with Hephaestus because of his unsightly appearance and crippled nature, and that when he became angry and forceful with her, she disappeared from the bed. He created Pandora of the famous box; some tales give him as the father of Eros, though most ascribe this love-god to the union of Ares and Aphrodite. Hera was even more powerful than she was.
This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 8 October For other uses, see Hephaestus disambiguation. Mycenaean gods Decline of Hellenistic polytheism Julian restoration. Greek mythology portal Hellenismos portal.
Primary Sources in translation. Chadwickp. BeekesEtymological Dictionary of GreekBrill,p. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges. United States of America: Greek Gods and Heroes. Phaidon Press Limited, p. The World Publishing company. See also CiceroDe Natura Deorum 3. Apollodorus confounds the two occasions on which Hephaestus was thrown from Olympus.
The Journal of Hellenic Studies The Journal of Hellenic Studies85pp. Eldridge An Unpublished Calpis. American Journal of Archaeology Webster Some thoughts on the pre-history of Greek drama. Harmon The Paintings of the Grotta Campana. Cunning Intelligence in Greek Culture and Society.
Cited by Silver, Morris Taking Ancient Mythology Economically. Hephaestus, History, and the Body of Rhetoric". Retrieved 21 March Civilization Before Greece and Rome. Dictionary of Minor Planet Names 5th ed. Primordial deities Titan deities Aquatic deities Chthonic deities Mycenaean deities. Ancient Greek religion and mythology. Greek mythological creatures Greek mythological figures List of minor Greek mythological figures. Aphrodite Aphroditus Philotes Peitho. It was believed that the family of Greek gods lived in a cloud palace above Mount Olympus the highest mountain in Greece.
These gods were thought to have special powers, and each had control over a different aspect of life. Many of them also appear in the hephaestuses of Greek mythology. Zeus was the king of the biographies for kids, and the most powerful. He was the god of the sky and greek god, and controlled the weather. He had different powers, his most famous being the ability to hurl lightning bolts at those who displeased him! He hated dishonesty, and would punish those who lied or broke promises. She was the goddess of women, marriage and family.
Hera was well worshipped by the Ancient Greeks, and the oldest and most important temples of the region were built in honour of her. Her sacred animals were the cow, lion and peacock.The Greek Gods
Poseidon was the brother of Zeus, and god of the sea and earthquakes. Although one of the gods of Mount Olympus, he spent most of his time in the ocean.
His weapon was a trident which was said to be so powerful it could biography the earth and shatter any object! He had a reputation for being bad-tempered and moody, and would seek revenge on those who angered him. Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty. The Greeks believed Aphrodite was created from the foam of the sea on the shores of Paphos, Cyprus. She was considered the most beautiful of the gods, and later married Hephaestus, god of metalwork and fire. Her sacred animal was the dove. Because he represented death, Hades was the most feared of the Ancient Greek gods — some people even refused to say his name!
Hades was aided in the hephaestus greek by his three headed dog, Cerberus. A son of Zeus, Hermes was the messenger of the hephaestuses greek god. Feeling rejected by his mother Hera, Hephaestus made a lovely throne for her and sent it to Olympus. She sat in it and discovered she could not get up again. Then the chair levitated.
The other Olympian gods tried to reason with Hephaestus, but even Ares was driven off with his flames. He finally was given wine by Dionysus and, drunk was brought to Olympus. Drunk or not, he still refused to free Hera unless he could have either Aphrodite or Athene as his wife.
He ended up with Aphrodite, who in this instance was not a quick learner. Poor Sisyphus had to do this again and again forever. At least it kept him from causing Hades any more trouble. Eventually, the world of the dead itself came to be called Hades, after its king. A fierce three-headed dog named Cerberus guarded Hades.
The river Styx flowed between Hades and the world of the living. A ferryman named Charon rowed dead souls across the Styx. A plutocracy is a government based on wealth. Today Pluto is no longer considered to be a planet at all. The farthest planet from the sun is called Neptune. This was the Roman for kids for Poseidon, the god of the sea. Apollo was the twin brother of Artemis, the goddess of the hunt and the Moon. Like his sister, Apollo loved hunting with a bow and arrow. He was the god of wisdom, poetry, and music. Apollo was a god god, with long black hair. He drove a golden chariot drawn by swans.
He was the leader of the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts. This god liked lions, wolves, stags, crows, and dolphins. He also liked biography for kids, and once had a herd of his own. The baby Hermes stole that herd from him.
But Apollo let Hermes keep the cattle in return for his lyre. The lyre was a kind of harp that Hermes had made out of a tortoise shell. When Apollo was still a young god, he wanted to know his future. So he went to a town called Delphi, where a priestess was said to tell fortunes. When Apollo arrived in Delphi, he found trouble awaiting him. A monster named Python was supposed to guard the oracle. But Python had turned cruel and was terrorizing the people of Delphi.
Apollo killed Python with his bare hands.
Then the citizens of Delphi built a temple in his honor. After that, Apollo became known as the god of prophecy—which means the ability to foretell the future.
He was believed to always hephaestus greek god biography the truth. Apollo was also known as great healer. However, he sometimes caused disease as well. His son, Asclepius, was the god of medicine for a while. But Asclepius grew so powerful that he could raise the dead. Because Apollo was called the god of light, he was sometimes mistaken for the sun god.
The real god of the sun was Helios, who drove a flaming chariot across the sky. Helios once made a terrible for kids. He allowed his half-mortal son Phaeton to drive his chariot. He almost destroyed the world with that flaming chariot.
Its ruins are still visited today. They were named after the monster slain by Apollo. The earliest Olympic games were also played in Ancient Greece.
Once she was asked about the Athenian philosopher Socrates. She said that no one in the world was wiser than he.
The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece!
Socrates was surprised, because he thought he knew nothing at all. He soon noticed that people who thought themselves wise knew no more than he did. So Socrates was truly wise in knowing himself to be ignorant. The god Dionysus was thought to be reckless and unruly, most unlike the calm and sensible Apollo. So the word Dionysian means wild, uncontrolled, and lacking reason. Hephaestus was the god of fire. He was a blacksmith whose forge was in a volcano. His helpers were one-eyed giants called Cyclopes. He worked in bronze, iron, silver, and gold. He also made things out of clay, including living creatures.
From clay he made Pandora, the hephaestus greek god biography for kids mortal woman in the world. Hephaestus made many useful things for the gods. For the messenger god Hermes, he made a winged hat and winged sandals. For the sun god Helios, he made a golden chariot to ride across the sky. For the Eros, the god of love, he made a silver bow with silver arrows. Hephaestus was a good-natured god who usually got along hephaestus greek god biography for kids with everybody. Even so, his mother, Hera, once got angry with him.
She threw him off Olympus, the mountain where the gods lived. When he hit the ground, he broke his foot. A goddess named Thetis nursed him back to health. But he walked with a limp ever after that. And he finally got even with her. He made a beautiful throne out of gold and offered it to her as a gift. When she sat on it, invisible chains wrapped around her wrists. All the gods tried to talk Hephaestus into letting Hera loose.
Hephaestus finally did when the beautiful goddess Aphrodite agreed to marry him. Aphrodite was really in love with Ares, the god of war. The goddess Thetis had a half-mortal son named Achilles. When Achilles was a baby, she bathed him in the river Styx. This was supposed to make him invulnerable, meaning impossible to hurt or kill. Even so, Thetis worried when Achilles got ready to go fight in the Trojan War.
Hephaestus made the best weapons and armor in the world. So Thetis asked Hephaestus to make a shield and armor for Achilles. Hephaestus was still grateful to Thetis for helping him after his fall from Olympus. So he was happy to do as she asked. But Thetis had made one mistake. When she had dipped Achilles in the river Styx, she had held him by the heel. So his heel was not invulnerable. Achilles was killed by an arrow in his heel. She opened the box, letting all those evils loose in the world. Vulcanization is a process for hardening rubber, especially for tires.
It uses extreme heat and sulfur.
These are named after the materials most used for tools in those times. The stories about Hephaestus were told in the Iron Age, when blacksmithing was very important. The beautiful Hestia was the oldest of the gods of Olympus. She disliked gossip, so hardly any stories were told about he.
In some ways, she was the most important of all the gods. From the earliest times, the other gods of Olympus all had duties. Hermes carried messages, Ares was in charge of war, Artemis watched over all hunters, and Zeus ruled over everybody. Other gods had other jobs. But for a time, no one seemed to know what Hestia was supposed to do.
One day the gods Poseidon and Apollo told Zeus that they both loved Hestia. Both of them wanted to marry her. They demanded that Zeus choose between them.
Otherwise, war would break out among the gods. And such a war would have been terrible indeed. But Hestia solved the whole problem very simply.
She refused ever to have a husband. Zeus was relieved and grateful to avoid a war. As a reward, he gave Hestia the keys to Olympus. Hestia made sure that the gods always had plenty of food, clothing, and money. After all, even gods have to worry about such things! Zeus also made Hestia the goddess of homes everywhere.
It was she who taught mortals how to build houses. And every house had a sacred spot for her. That was the hearth, the center of family life. Mortals prayed to Hestia more than to any of the other gods. Every family meal began and ended with a prayer to Hestia. Whenever a baby was born, the parents carried it around the hearth and prayed to Hestia. Mortals had a saying: Hestia lived a quiet life, leaving fame and adventure to others. He wanted to have a throne like the other important gods. Hestia gladly gave up her own throne for him. After all, she was too busy to spend much time sitting there.