Guy de maupassant biography obras de picasso
He was committed to a private asylum in Paris and died the following year. He wrote some short stories, six novels, three travel books, and one volume of verse. Views Read View source View history.
He felt a decided antipathy for this form of life and deliberately engineered his own expulsion for some trivial offense in In the autumn of he began law studies in Paris, which were interrupted by the outbreak of the Franco-German War.
His firsthand experience of war was to provide him with the material for some of his finest stories. Maupassant was demobilized in July and resumed his law studies in Paris. His father came to his assistance again and obtained a post for him in the Ministry of Marine, which was intended to support him until he qualified as a lawyer. He did not care for the bureaucracy but was not unsuccessful and was several times promoted.
His father managed to have him transferred, at his own wish, to the Ministry of Public Instruction in This was the beginning of the apprenticeship that was the making of Maupassant the writer.
Whenever Flaubert was staying in Paris, he used to invite Maupassant to lunch on Sundays, lecture him on prose style, and correct his youthful literary exercises.
It was a concise description of a twofold relationship: In spite of his lack of enthusiasm for the bureaucracy, his years as a civil servant were the happiest of his life. He devoted much of his spare time to swimming and to boating expeditions on the Seine.
Guy de Maupassant
Indeed, there can be little doubt that the early years in Paris were the start of his phenomenal promiscuity. When Maupassant was in his early 20s, he discovered that he was suffering from syphilisone of the most frightening and widespread maladies of the age.
The fact that his brother died at an early age of the same disease suggests that it might have been congenital. Maupassant was adamant in refusing to undergo treatment, with the result that the disease was to cast a deepening shadow over his mature years and was accentuated by neurasthenia, which had also afflicted his brother.
During his apprenticeship with Flaubert, Maupassant published one or two stories under a pseudonym in obscure provincial magazines. In it, a prostitute traveling by coach is companionably treated by her fellow French passengers, who are anxious to share her provisions of food, but then a German officer stops the coach and refuses to let it proceed until he has possessed her; the other passengers induce her to satisfy him, and then ostracize her for the rest of the journey.
He left the ministry and spent the next two years writing articles for Le Gaulois and the Gil Blas. Many of his stories made their first appearance in the latter newspaper. The 10 years from to were remarkable for their productivity; he published some short stories, six novels, three travel books, and his only volume of verse.
Concision, vigour, and the most rigorous economy are guy characteristics of his art. Collections of short stories and novels followed one another in quick succession until illness struck Maupassant down. Two years saw six new books of short stories: The stories can be divided into groups: Together, the stories present a comprehensive picture of French life from to Bel-Ami, the amiable but amoral hero of the novel, has become a standard literary personification of an ambitious opportunist.
He began to biography obras invisiting French Africa and Italy, and in he paid his only visit to England. Four more novels also appeared: Although Maupassant appeared outwardly a sturdy, healthy, athletic man, his letters are full of lamentations about his health, particularly eye trouble and migraine headaches. With the passing of the years he had become more and more sombre. He had begun to travel for pleasure, but what had once been carefree and enjoyable holidays gradually changed, as a result of his mental state, into compulsive, symptomatic wanderings until he felt a constant need to be on the move.
A major family crisis occurred in In he suddenly became violently psychotic, and he died in an asylum in On January 2,when he was staying near his mother, he tried to commit suicide by cutting his throat.
Doctors were summoned, and his mother agreed reluctantly to his commitment. Two days later he was removed, according to some accounts in a straitjacket, to Dr. His characters inhabit a world of material desires and sensual appetites in which lust, greed, and ambition are the driving forces, and any higher feelings are either absent or doomed to cruel disappointment.
The tragic power of many of the stories derives from the fact that Maupassant presents his characters, poor people or rich bourgeois, as the victims of ironic necessity, crushed by a fate that they have dared to defy yet still struggling against it hopelessly. Because so many of his later stories deal with madness, it has been suggested that Maupassant himself was already mentally disturbed when he wrote them. On 2 JanuaryMaupassant tried to commit suicide by cutting his throat, and was committed to the private asylum of Esprit Blanche at Passyin Paris, where he died 6 July Guy De Maupassant penned his own epitaph: Maupassant is considered one of the fathers of the modern short story.
He delighted in clever plotting, and served as a model for Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in this respect. The supernatural in Maupassant, however, is often implicitly a symptom of the protagonists' troubled minds; Maupassant was fascinated by the burgeoning discipline of psychiatryand attended the public lectures of Jean-Martin Charcot between and Leo Tolstoy used Maupassant as the subject for one of his essays on art: The Works of Guy de Maupassant.
His biographies obras picasso are only second to Shakespeare in their inspiration of movie adaptations with films ranging from StagecoachCitizen KaneOyuki the Virgin and Masculine Feminine. Friedrich Nietzsche 's autobiography mentions him in the guy maupassant text:. I can name as a sample — for their number is by no means small, Gene Roddenberryin an early draft for The Questor Tapeswrote a scene in which the android Questor employs Maupassant's theory that, "the human female will open her mind to a man to whom she has opened other channels of communications.
Due to complaints from NBC executives, this part of the script was never filmed. Michel Drach directed and co-wrote a French biographical film: Claude Brasseur stars as the titular character.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Guy de Maupassant bibliography. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it.
Modern Library,p. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Retrieved 9 December Le Horla et autres contes d'angoisse in French ed.
The Critical Heritage, p. The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies. University of California Press. Unlimited Publishing LLC, Retrieved 31 October Works by Guy de Maupassant.
Guy de Maupassant 's Bel Ami Biography portal French and Francophone literature portal.
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