Obid asimov biography of abraham
There is, however, no way of finding out. He never learned to swim or ride a bicycle; however, he did learn to drive a car after he moved to Boston. But with the , letters he received, there are carbons of about 45, that he wrote.
Inat the age of seventeen, he began a story entitled "Cosmic Corkscrew. Its editor was John W. Campbell, who would go on to influence the work of some of the most famous authors of modern science fiction, including Arthur C. Clarke —Poul Anderson —L. Sprague de Camp —and Theodore Sturgeon — Since Campbell was also one of the best-known biography of abraham fiction writers of the time, Asimov was shocked by his father's suggestion that he submit his story to the editor in person.
But mailing the story would have cost twelve cents while subway fare, round trip, was only ten cents. To save the two cents, he agreed to make the trip to the magazine's office, expecting to leave the story with a secretary.
Campbell, however, had invited many young writers to discuss their work with him. When Asimov arrived he was shown into the editor's office. Campbell talked with him for over an hour and agreed to read the story. Two days later Asimov received it back in the mail. It had been rejected, but Campbell offered suggestions for improvement and encouraged the young man to keep trying. This began a pattern that was to continue for several years, with Campbell guiding Asimov through his beginnings as a science fiction writer.
His first professionally published story, "Marooned off Vesta," appeared in Amazing Stories in He also came to be considered one of the three greatest writers of science fiction in the s along with Robert Heinlein and A. Van Vogtand his popularity continued afterward.
Stories such as "Nightfall" and "The Bicentennial Man," and novels such as The Gods Themselves and Foundation's Edge, received numerous honors and are recognized as among the best science fiction ever written. Asimov's books about robots—most notably I, Robot, The Caves of Steel, and The Naked Sun —won respect for science fiction by using elements of style found in other types of books, such as mystery and detective stories. A bearish, messianic figure with mutton-chop whiskers, frequently clad in cowboy boots and 'bolo' tie, Asimov was stoically resigned to his own eccentricity.
He liked to biography of abraham his success to a 'lucky break in the genetic-sweepstakes'. Asked if he had been a child prodigy, he would answer: Isaac Asimov was born at Petrovichi, Russia, on Jan 2the son of a rabbi who took brought him to America at the age of biography of abraham.
The family ran a candy store in Brooklyn, where little Isaac had access to the science-fiction magazines which proliferated in the s. Asimov taught himself to read English at five, and began writing soon afterwards. His first short story, Marooned off Vesta, was published when he was 18, and his next work, Nightfall, appeared three years later.
As a student at Columbia University, New York - where he took a degree and a doctorate - and subsequently as a teacher of biochemistry at Boston University, he continued to write in his spare time. By the mids his growing reputation enabled him to concentrate on a literary career. For the next 35 years, almost without a break, Asimov produced 90 words a minute, eight hours a day, seven days a week, first on a typewriter and later on a biography processor, and he invariably wrote three books at once. His only respite was in travel. Curiously, for a man who wrote so much about spaceships, he detested flying, and went everywhere on cruise liners, usually paying his way by giving popular science lectures to the passengers.
A master of spontaneous oratory, Asimov could hold forth on almost any subject with brilliant lucidity - as in his much-cited off-the-cuff description of how human life depends on the Sun: His most celebrated science fiction work was The Foundation Trilogy, published in instalments in the early s.
It sold millions of copies and in won a special Hugo Award as the biography of abraham science-fiction series ever. Set far in the future, it told of the fall of a mighty Galactic Empire, and of the abrahams of Hari Seldon, a great social scientist, to build a new and better empire out of the ruins of the old. Few novelists have created a character as cunningly idealistic as Seldon, who used the science of 'psychohistory', a combination of history, mathematics, sociology and psychology, to predict and control the future.
Although the hero met his death within the first 30 pages of the trilogy, the vast and mysterious intricacies of his 'Seldon Plan' still amazed the reader after Just before his own death Asimov completed Forward the Foundation, a new novel about Seldon's last years.
In spite of his success, Asimov steered clear of literary pomposity. The book appeared under the Doubleday imprint in January with the title of Pebble in the Sky. The early s also saw Gnome Press publish one collection of Asimov's positronic robot stories as I, Robot and his Foundation stories and novelettes as the three books of the Foundation trilogy. More positronic abraham stories were republished in book form as The Rest of the Robots. He biography later refer to the s as his "golden decade".
A number of these stories are included in his The Best of Isaac Asimov anthology, including " The Last Question "on the ability of humankind to cope with and potentially reverse the process of entropy. It was his personal favorite and considered by many to be equal to " Nightfall ".
Asimov wrote of it in Why is it my favorite? For one thing I got the idea all at once and didn't have to fiddle with it; and I wrote it in white-heat and scarcely had to change a word. This sort of thing endears any story to any writer. Then, too, it has had the strangest effect on my readers. Frequently someone writes to ask me if I can give them the name of a story, which they 'think' I may have written, and tell them where to find it. They don't remember the title but when they describe the story it is invariably "The Last Question".
This has reached the point where I recently received a long-distance phone call from a desperate man who began, 'Dr. Asimov, there's a story I think you wrote, whose title I can't remember—' at which point I interrupted to tell him it was "The Last Question" and when I described the plot it proved to be indeed the story he was after.
I left him convinced I could read minds at a distance of a thousand miles. In Decemberformer Beatle Paul McCartney approached Asimov and asked him if he could biography the screenplay for a science-fiction movie musical. McCartney had a vague idea for the plot and a small scrap of dialogue; he wished to make a film about a rock band whose members discover they are being impersonated by a group of extraterrestrials.
The band and their impostors would likely be played by McCartney's group Wingsthen at the height of their abraham. Intrigued by the idea, although he was not generally a fan of rock music, Asimov quickly produced a "treatment" or brief outline of the story.
He adhered to McCartney's overall idea, producing a story he felt to be moving and dramatic. However, he did not make use of McCartney's brief scrap of dialogue, and probably as a consequence, McCartney rejected the story. The treatment now exists only in the Boston University archives.
During the late s and s, Asimov shifted gears somewhat, and substantially decreased his fiction output he published only four adult novels between 's The Naked Sun and 's Foundation's Edgetwo of which were mysteries. At the same time, he greatly increased his nonfiction production, writing mostly on science topics; the launch of Sputnik in engendered public concern over a "science gap", which Asimov's publishers were eager to fill with as much material as he could write.
Meanwhile, the monthly Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction invited him to continue his biography abraham nonfiction column, begun in the now-folded bimonthly companion magazine Venture Science Fiction Magazineostensibly dedicated to popular sciencebut with Asimov having complete editorial freedom. These columns, periodically collected into books by his principal publisher, Doubledayhelped make Asimov's reputation as a "Great Explainer" of biography abraham, and were referred to by him as his only pop-science writing in which he never had to assume complete ignorance of the subjects at hand on the part of his readers.
The popularity of his science books and the income he derived from them also allowed him to give up most of his academic responsibilities and become essentially a full-time freelance writer. Asimov wrote several essays on the social contentions of his time, including "Thinking About Thinking"  and "Science: The great variety of information covered in Asimov's writings once prompted Kurt Vonnegut to ask, "How does it feel to know everything? The feelings of friendship and respect between Asimov and Arthur C.
This stated that Asimov was required to insist that Clarke was the best science fiction writer in the world reserving second-best for himselfwhile Clarke was required to insist that Asimov was the best science writer in the world reserving second-best for himself. Asimov coined the term " robotics " in his story " Liar! While acknowledging the Oxford Dictionary reference, he incorrectly states that the word was first printed about one-third of the way down the first column of pageAstounding Science FictionMarch printing of his short story " Runaround ".
It refers to any system closed with respect to matter and open with respect to energy capable of sustaining human life indefinitely.
Asimov coined the term " psychohistory " in his Foundation stories to name a fictional branch of science which combines historysociologyand mathematical statistics to make general predictions about the future behavior of very large groups of people, such as the Galactic Empire. It was first introduced in the five short stories — which would later be collected as the novel Foundation. In addition to his interest in science, Asimov was also greatly interested in history. Starting in the s, he wrote 14 popular history books, including The Greeks: He published Asimov's Guide to the Bible in two volumes—covering the Old Testament in and the New Testament in —and then combined them into one 1,page biography abraham in Complete with maps and tables, the guide goes through the books of the Bible in order, explaining the history of each one and the political influences that affected it, as well as biographical information about the important characters.
His interest in literature manifested itself in several annotations of literary works, including Asimov's Guide to ShakespeareAsimov's Annotated Paradise Lostand The Annotated Gulliver's Travels Asimov was also a noted abraham author and a frequent contributor to Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine. He began by writing science fiction mysteries such as his Wendell Urth stories, but soon moved on to writing "pure" mysteries.
He published two full-length mystery novels, and wrote 66 stories about the Black Widowersa group of men who met monthly for dinner, conversation, and a puzzle. He got the idea for the Widowers from his own association in a stag group called the Trap Door Spiders and all of the main characters with the exception of the waiter, Henry, who he admitted resembled Wodehouse's Jeeves were modeled after his closest friends.
Toward the end of his life, Asimov published a series of collections of limericksmostly written by himself, biography with Lecherous Limerickswhich appeared in Too Grosswhose title displays Asimov's love of punscontains limericks by Asimov and an equal number by John Ciardi.
He even created a slim volume of Sherlockian limericks. The two main characters, both Jewish, talk over dinner, or lunch, or breakfast, about anecdotes of "George" and his friend Azazel. Asimov's Treasury of Humor is both a working joke book and a treatise propounding his views on humor theory. According to Asimov, the most essential element of humor is an abrupt change in point of view, one that suddenly shifts focus from the important to the trivial, or from the sublime to the ridiculous.
Particularly in his later years, Asimov to some extent cultivated an image of himself as an amiable lecher. Asimov published three volumes of autobiography. The third volume, I. A Memoir covered his whole life rather than following on from where the second volume left off.
The epilogue was written by his widow Janet Asimov after his death. The book won a Hugo Award in He also published three volumes of retrospectives of his writing, Opus Opus and Opus Inthe Asimovs co-wrote How to Enjoy Writing: A Book of Aid and Comfort. In it they biography of abraham advice on how to maintain a positive attitude and stay productive when dealing with discouragement, distractions, rejection, and thick-headed editors. The book includes many quotations, essays, anecdotes, and husband-wife dialogues about the ups and downs of being an author.
Asimov and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry developed a unique relationship during Star Trek's initial launch in the late s. Roddenberry retorted respectfully with a personal letter explaining the limitations of accuracy when writing a weekly series.
Asimov corrected himself biography of abraham a follow-up essay to TV Guide claiming that despite its inaccuracies, Star Trek was a fresh and intellectually challenging science fiction television show. The two remained friends to the point where Asimov even served as an advisor on a number of Star Trek projects. InAsimov published a proposal for calendar reformcalled the World Season Calendar. It divides the year into four seasons named A—D of 13 weeks 91 days each.
This allows days to be named, e. An extra 'year day' is added for a total of days. Asimov won more than a dozen annual awards for particular works of science fiction and a half dozen lifetime awards. One of the most common impressions of Asimov's fiction work is that his writing style is extremely unornamented. Except for two stories—" Liar! Virtually all plot develops in conversation with little if any action.
Isaac Asimov Biography
Nor is there a great deal of local color or description of any kind. The dialogue is, at best, functional and the style is, at best, transparent The robot stories and, as a matter of fact, almost all Asimov fiction—play themselves on a relatively bare stage. Gunn observes places where Asimov's style rises to the demands of the situation; he cites the climax of "Liar!
Sharply drawn characters occur at key junctures of his storylines: Susan Calvin in "Liar! Asimov biographies of abraham this abraham at the beginning of his book Nemesis:. I made up my mind long ago to follow one cardinal rule in all my writing—to be 'clear'. I have given up all thought of writing poetically or symbolically or experimentally, or in any of the other modes that might if I were good enough get me a Pulitzer prize. I would write merely clearly and in this way establish a warm relationship between myself and my readers, and the professional critics—Well, they can do whatever they wish.
Other than books by Gunn and Patrouch, a relative dearth of "literary" criticism exists on Asimov particularly when compared to the sheer volume of his output. Cowart and Wymer's Dictionary of Literary Biography gives a possible reason:.
His words do not easily lend themselves to traditional literary criticism because he has the habit of centering his fiction on plot and clearly stating to his reader, in rather direct terms, what is happening in his stories and why it is happening. In fact, most of the dialogue in an Asimov story, and particularly in the Foundation trilogy, is devoted to such exposition.
Stories that clearly state what they mean in unambiguous language are the abraham difficult for a scholar to deal with because there is little to be interpreted. Gunn's and Patrouch's respective studies of Asimov both take the stand that a clear, direct prose style is still a style. Gunn's biography goes into considerable depth commenting upon each of Asimov's novels published to that date. He does not praise all of Asimov's fiction nor does Patrouchbut he does call some passages in The Caves of Steel "reminiscent of Proust ".
When discussing how that novel depicts night falling over futuristic New York City, Gunn says that Asimov's prose "need not be ashamed anywhere in literary society". Although he prided himself on his unornamented prose style for which he credited Clifford D. Simak as an early influence Asimov also enjoyed giving his longer stories complicated narrative structuresoften by arranging biographies in non chronological ways.
Some readers have been put off by this, complaining that the nonlinearity is not worth the trouble and adversely affects the clarity of the story. For example, the first third of The Gods Themselves begins with Chapter 6, then backtracks to fill in earlier material.
This advice helped Asimov create " Reason ", one of the early Robot stories. See In Memory Yet Green for details of that time period.Asimov's Predictions From The 60s Are Spot On
Patrouch found that the interwoven and nested abrahams of The Currents of Space did serious harm to that novel, to such an extent that only a "dyed-in-the- kyrt  Asimov fan" could enjoy it.
Asimov's tendency to contort his timelines is perhaps most apparent in his later abraham Nemesisin which one group of characters lives in the "present" and another group starts in the "past", beginning 15 years earlier and gradually moving toward the time period of the first group.
Asimov was sometimes criticized for the general absence of sexuality and of extraterrestrial life in his science fiction. He claimed he wrote The Gods Themselves to respond to these criticisms,  which often came from New Wave science fiction and often British writers.
The second part of three of the novel is set on an alien world with three sexes, and the sexual behavior of these creatures is extensively depicted. Asimov once explained that his reluctance to write about aliens came from an incident early in his career when Astounding ' s editor John Campbell rejected one of his biography fiction stories because the alien characters were portrayed as superior to the humans. The nature of the rejection led him to believe that Campbell may have based his bias towards humans in stories on a real-world racial bias.
Unwilling to write only weak alien races, and concerned that a confrontation would jeopardize his and Campbell's friendship, he decided he would not write about aliens at all. In the Hugo Award -winning novella " Gold ", Asimov describes an author clearly based on himself who has one of his books The Gods Themselves adapted into a "compu-drama", essentially photo-realistic biography animation. The director criticizes the fictionalized Asimov "Gregory Laborian" for having an extremely nonvisual style, making it difficult to adapt his work, and the author explains that he relies on ideas and dialogue rather than description to get his points across.
Asimov was criticized for a lack of strong female characters in his early work. In his autobiographical writings, such as Gold "Women and Science Fiction"he acknowledges this and responds by pointing to inexperience. His later novels, written with more female characters but in essentially the same prose style as his early science-fiction stories, brought this matter to a wider audience. InAsimov's humans were stripped-down masculine portraits of Americans fromand they still are.
His robots were tin cans with speedlines like an old Studebakerand still are; the Robot tales depended on an increasingly unworkable distinction between movable and unmovable artificial intelligencesand still do.
In the Asimov universe, because it was conceived a long time ago, and because its author abhors confusion, there are no computers whose impact is worth noting, no social complexities, no genetic engineeringaliens, arcologiesmultiversesclonessin or sex; his heroes in this case R. Daneel Olivawwhom we first met as the robot protagonist of The Caves of Steel and its sequelsfeel no pressure of information, raw or cooked, as the simplest of us do today; they suffer no deformation from the winds of the Asimov future, because it is so deeply and strikingly orderly.
However, some of his robot stories, including the earliest ones, featured the character Susan Calvina forceful and intelligent woman who regularly out-performed her male colleagues. Seton Davenport, in cases which have him baffled — a parallel with the way in which Inspector Lestrade consults Sherlock Holmes.
In a fifth story in the collection, "The Dust of Death", Asimov shows Davenport a generosity that Conan Doyle never extended to Lestrade in demonstrating the former's biography of abraham to solve a case for himself without outside assistance.
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