Kang yu wei biography for kids

kang yu wei biography for kids
They have eaten suffering as if it were sweet- meats. It covers the first forty years of K'ang Yu-wei's life. Now, the awareness of living creatures [is like this]:

K'ang turned to Confucianism as a source of ideals and inspiration for the new form that Chinese government should take. He portrayed Confucius as a political and social reformer and not a reactionary, and even argued that the rediscovered versions of the Confucian classics were a forgery in order to bolster his claims.

K'ang Yu-wei; a biography and a symposium.

K'ang was a strong believer in constitutional monarchy and wanted to remodel the country after Meiji Japan. These ideas angered his scholarly colleagues, who had received a traditional Confucian education and regarded him as a heretic.

kang yu wei biography for kids

Due to his desire to end the traditional Chinese family structure, he is regarded as an advocate for women's rights in China. The literal meaning of the title is "The Book of Great Unity," but its meaning derives from the name of a utopian society imagined by Confucius. The book was based on notes from lectures he had given sincebut it wasn't until his exile in India that he finished the first draft.

Kang Yu-wei

The first two chapters were published in Japan in the s, and it was published in its kang yu wei biography for kids seven years posthumously, in It is a proposal for a utopian world, free of political boundaries and ruled by one central government. He also wanted to end the private ownership of property. In one part of the book he even advocated that government adopt the methods of " communism ," and although the sense in which he meant this term is debated, he was probably one of the first advocates of Western communism in China. Thompsom points out that his work is permeated with the Confucian ideal of ren, or humanity, and believes that his socialism was based on more traditional Eastern ideals.

He wholeheartedly embraced the modern idea that technology is integral to the advancement of mankind. In Da Tong Shu he showed enthusiasm for bettering humanity by the use of technology. He foresaw a global telegraphic and telephone network which connected everyone to everyone else.

kang yu wei biography for kids

He also believed that technology could reduce human labor, to the point kang wei biography each individual would only need to work three to four hours each day, a prediction that would be repeated by the most optimistic futurists later in the century. When the book was first published it was received with mixed reactions. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This renewed threat inspired K'ang Yu-wei to new reform endeavors. He formed several new societies, most prominent of which was the Pao-kuo hui Society for the Preservation of the Nation.

This organization was founded in April for kids the avowed goal of saving "the nation, the race, and the Confucian teaching. The Emperor had now also become convinced of the need for reform, and in January he commanded K'ang to elaborate his reform proposals. K'ang also wrote two short books for the Emperor, one on Peter the Great of Russia and one on the Japanese Meiji restoration, and these reportedly strengthened the Emperor's determination to modernize the nation.

And for the next 3 months the Emperor, much under K'ang's influence, issued a series of decrees designed to revamp the creaking dynastic system.

kang yu wei biography for kids

The reform movement was cut short by the dowager empress Tz'u-hsi and her conservative supporters on Sept. But K'ang, forewarned by the emperor, had left Peking for Shanghai the previous day, and he subsequently escaped to Hong Kong in a British gunboat. For the next 14 years K'ang—with a price on his head—lived the life of a fugitive and exile. His political activities, however, continued. During the first decade of the 20th century, K'ang wrote several scholarly commentaries on the classics and also some vehement denunciations of the anti-Manchu revolutionaries.

He also traveled in India, Europe, and the United States—gaining a familiarity with Western culture that, paradoxically, lessened his admiration for the West and increased his appreciation for the traditional culture of China.

The Role of Intellectuals in China's History, an Interview with Wang Hui

Following the establishment of the Chinese Republic inK'ang Yu-wei never became wholly reconciled to the revolutionary overthrow of the Confucian monarchy. By the time K'ang died on March 31,most Chinese intellectuals dismissed him as a hopeless relic of the past.

kang yu wei biography for kids

K'ang adhered consistently to a philosophy of evolutionary change. In K'ang's view, human nature was improving steadily with the progression of history; human institutions must similarly evolve so that they exactly suit the needs of man at every stage of his historical ascent. K'ang thought that the world, in his day, had reached the Age of Approaching Peace, for which the appropriate political institution was constitutional monarchy, and that the final Age of Universal Peace in which a republican form of government would exist would be realized only in the distant future.

Kang Yu-wei (Kang Youwei) 康有為

K'ang, then, actually viewed republicanism as the ideal form of government. But he opposed it in because he thought China and human nature were unprepared for that ideal.

As a practical reformer, K'ang Yu-wei always remained a convinced—if unorthodox—Confucian. As a utopian thinker, however, he transcended Confucianism, displaying an astounding independence of Chinese cultural values.

kang yu wei biography for kids

This appears in his most famous book, Ta-t'ung shu The Grand Unitywhich is one of the outstanding works in world utopian kang yu wei biography for kids. Essentially, this work is a description of K'ang's vision of the world order as it would exist during the Age of Universal Peace. K'ang envisaged that political boundaries would be abolished; government would consist of small self-ruling communities which would send representatives to a world parliament. The family system would disappear: To help the overseas Chinese and to unite them in a common effort, he and his colleagues founded an international business firm and established schools and newspapers.

These activities, conducted in the United StatesMexico, Japan, and Southeast Asiabrought them into sharp kang wei with the Chinese revolutionists. During his exile, Kang traveled extensively. His stay in Europe and his study of Western history moved him to shun the violence and destructiveness of revolution as means of political change, and he proposed as an biography for course the promotion of kid, technology, and industry to rebuild China.

After his return in to a weak and troubled China, he was soon involved in the campaign to thwart the monarchical scheme of the Chinese statesman Yuan Shikai. Inin line with his idea of a constitutional monarchy to bridge the transition to a truly democratic republic, he participated in the abortive restoration of the Qing ruler.

In the years that followed, animated by the fear of a divided country, he opposed the South China government of the revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen — Partisan writers have criticized him for holding to these views.

In his later years, he renewed his philosophic reflections, completing his last book, The Heavensin which he blended astronomy with his own metaphysical musing, a year before his death at Qingdao in Besides prolific writings on the Chinese Classics, politics, and economics, Kang also left travel accounts and an anthology of his poems; he was also a famous calligrapher.

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K'ang Yu-wei

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Kang Youwei

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their kang yu wei biography for kids. Internet URLs are the best. He established reform associations in the United States, Canada, and Australia, among Chinese residents there. After the overthrow of the Manchu Government and the establishment of the Republic, Mr. Kang returned to China. With the encouragement of the late President Yuan Shih-kaihe founded the society for the worship of Confucius; and he was been a persistent advocate of the adoption of Confucianism as the state religion in China.

His efforts in that direction have been unsuccessful, in spite of his influence over the literati. He played an important part in the movement, by General Chang Hsunto restore the dethroned Emperor, in July During the temporary success of this movement, Mr.