Autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia

autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia
Over 2 lakh people gathered at his residence in Bombay to have the last glimpse of their beloved leader. Pages in category "Bal Gangadhar Tilak" The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total.

Following his father's transfer, the family shifted to Poona now Pune. In Tilak was married to Tapibai who was later rechristened as Satyabhamabai.

Tilak was a brilliant student. As a autobiography bal, he was truthful and straightforward in nature. He had an intolerant attitude towards injustice and had independent opinions from an early age. He received his law degree in After finishing his education, he started teaching English and Mathematics at a private school in Poona. Following a disagreement with the school authorities he quit and helped found a school in that laid emphasis on nationalism.

Though, he was among India's first generation of youths to receive a modern, college education, Tilak strongly criticised the educational system followed by the British in India. According to him, the education was not at all adequate for Indians who remained woefully ignorant about their own origins. He started the Deccan Educational Society with college batchmates, Vishnu Shastry Chiplunkar and Gopal Ganesh Agarkar for the purpose of inspiring nationalist education among Indian students. Gangadhar Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in He soon started vocalizing his strong opposition to the moderate views of the party on self-rule.

autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia

He maintained that simple constitutional agitation in itself was futile against the British. This subsequently made him stand against the prominent Congress leader, Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia

He wanted an armed revolt to broom-away the British. Due to this fundamental difference in outlook, Tilak and his supporters came to be known as the extremist wing of Indian National Congress Party.

autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia

The act raised the age at which a girl could get married from 10 to 12 years. During latea bubonic plague spread from Bombay to Puneand by Januaryit reached epidemic proportions. British troops were brought in to deal with the emergency and harsh measures were employed including forced entry into private houses, examination of occupants, evacuation to hospitals and segregation camps, removing and destroying personal possessions, and preventing patients from entering or leaving the city. By the end of May, the epidemic was under control. Though the British authorities' measures were well-meant, they were widely regarded as acts of tyranny and oppression.

Tilak took up this issue by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari Kesari was written in Marathiand Mahratta was written in Englishquoting the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gitato say that no blame could be attached to anyone who killed an oppressor without any thought of reward. Ayerst were shot and killed by the Chapekar brothers and their other associates. According to Barbara and Thomas R.

MetcalfTilak "almost surely concealed the identities of the perpetrators". When he emerged from autobiography bal in present-day Mumbai, he was revered as a martyr and a national hero.

Following the Partition of Bengalwhich was a strategy set out by Lord Curzon to weaken the nationalist movement, Tilak encouraged the Swadeshi movement and the Boycott movement. The Swadeshi movement consisted of the usage of natively produced goods. Once foreign goods were boycotted, there was a gap which had to be filled by the production of those goods in India itself.

Tilak said that the Swadeshi and Boycott movements are two sides of the same coin. They were referred to as the " Lal-Bal-Pal triumvirate ". Inthe annual session of the Congress Party was held at SuratGujarat. Trouble broke out over the selection of the new president of the Congress between the moderate and the radical sections of the party.

The party split into the autobiographies bal faction, led by Tilak, Pal and Lajpat Rai, and the moderate faction. Nationalists like Aurobindo GhoseV. Chidambaram Pillai were Tilak supporters. During his lifetime among other political cases, Bal Gangadhar Tilak had been tried for Sedition Charges in three times by British India Government—in[13][14] and Inhe was again charged with sedition and intensifying racial animosity between Indians and the British.

The Bombay lawyer Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Tilak's defence could not annul the evidence in Tilak's polemical articles and was sentenced to six years in prison in Burma.

Тилак, Бал Гангадхар

On 30 Apriltwo Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bosethrew a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafarpurto kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford of Calcutta fame, but erroneously killed two women traveling in it.

While Chaki committed suicide when caught, Bose was hanged. Tilak, in his paper Kesaridefended the revolutionaries and called for immediate Swaraj or self-rule.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

The Government swiftly charged him with sedition. At the conclusion of the trial, a special jury convicted him by 7: The judge, Dinshaw D. Davar [16] gave him a six years jail sentence to be served in Mandalay, Burma and a fine of Rs 1, On being asked by the judge whether he had anything to say, Tilak said:. All that I wish to say is that, in spite of the verdict of the jury, I still maintain that I am innocent. There are higher powers that rule the destinies of men and nations; and I think, it may be the will of Providence that the cause I represent may be benefited more by my suffering than by my pen and tongue.

Template:Bal Gangadhar Tilak

In passing sentence, the judge indulged in some scathing strictures against Tilak's conduct. He threw off the judicial restraint which, to some extent, was observable in his charge to the jury.

He condemned the articles as "seething with sedition", as preaching violence, speaking of murders with approval.

autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia

I say, such journalism is a curse to the country". Tilak was sent to Mandalay from to While in the prison he wrote the Gita Rahasya. Many copies of which were sold, and the money was donated for the Indian Independence movement. Tilak developed diabetes during his sentence in Mandalay prison. This and the general ordeal of prison life had mellowed him at his release on 16 June It was his conviction that acts of violence actually diminished, rather than hastening, the pace of political reforms.

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Category:Memorials to Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Even people who were not infected were carried away and in some cases, the carriers even looted property of the affected people.

When the authorities turned a blind eye to all these excesses, furious Tilak took up people's autobiography bal gangadhar by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari, quoting Hindu Scripture Bhagwat Gita to take up arms. Following this, on 27 June, Rand and his assistant were killed. Tilak was charged with incitement to murder and sentenced to 18 months imprisonment. On 30 April two Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Kudiram Bose, threw a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafurpur in order to kill a District Judge Douglass Kenford but erroneously killed some women travelling in it.

While Chaki committed suicide when caught, Bose was tried and hanged. British papers screamed for vengeance and their shrill cries became even more insistent when Police raided and autobiography of bal gangadhar tilak wikipedia a cache of arms at Calcutta.

But Tilak in his paper Kesari defended the revolutionaries and called for immediate Swaraj or Self-rule. The Government swiftly arrested him for sedition. He asked a young Muhammad Ali Jinnah to represent him. But the British judge convicted him and he was imprisoned from to in MandalayBurma. Upon his release, Tilak re-united with his fellow nationalists and re-joined the Indian National Congress in Tilak, who started his political life as a Maratha Protagonist, during his later part of life progressed into a fine nationalist after his close association with Bengal nationalists following the partition of Bengal.

When asked in Calcutta whether he envisioned a Maratha type of government for Free India, Tilak replied that the Maratha dominated Governments of 16th and 17th centuries were outmoded in 20th century and he wanted a genuine federal system for Free India where every religion and race were equal partners.