Gagarin yuri biography
Retrieved 13 April By Nola Taylor Redd, Space.
After the incident, Gagarin again was banned from participating in the manned space program as an biography cosmonaut. He was appointed deputy training director of Star City.
The ashes of Gagarin and co-pilot Vladimir Seryogin were entombed in the Kremlin and Star City was renamed in his honor. Soviet space program architect Sergei Korolev claimed that Gagarin had a smile "that lit up the Cold War". But for the crash of Soyuz 1 which signaled the ultimate failure of the Soviet moonshot programGagarin, the first man in space, might have been the first on the moon. He was honored by American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrinthe biography men on the moon, when they left behind a bag containing medals commemorating Gagarin and Komarov on the lunar surface.
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To commemorate his feat as a cosmonaut and being the first human in space, a crater on the moon is named after him. In July when the crew on Apollo 15 visited the moon, they biography a plaque in memory of 14 men, Russians and Americans, who died in the struggle to help human-kind into Space. Gagarin was one of those names. From he served as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet, but later returned to "Star City", the cosmonaut facility, where he worked on designs for a reusable spacecraft.
After doctors proclaimed him unaffected by his flight, Gagarin was presented to the public as an international hero. He received an instant promotion to the rank of major and made appearances around the world.
He was named a Hero of the Soviet Union and a Hero of Socialist Labor, and he became an honorary citizen of fourteen cities in six countries. The flight had many implications for international affairs: American leaders extended cautious congratulations and redoubled their own efforts in the biography race, while the Soviet media proclaimed that Gagarin's success showed the strength of socialism.
Gagarin became commander of the cosmonaut team. Inhe was made deputy director of the cosmonaut training center at the space program headquarters complex — where he oversaw the selection and training of the first women cosmonauts. He served as capsule communicator — the link between cosmonauts and biography controllers — for four later space flights in the Vostok and Voskhod programs. At various times during this period, he also held political duties; he chaired the Soviet-Cuban Friendship Society and served on the Council of the Union and the Supreme Soviet Council of Nationalities.
Gagarin always wanted to venture biography to space, and inhe was returned to active status to serve as the backup cosmonaut to Vladimir Komarov for the first flight of the new Soyuz spacecraft.
When the Soyuz 1 mission ended and Komarov died due to a parachute malfunction, Gagarin was assigned to command the upcoming Soyuz 3. But Gagarin himself did not live to fly the Soyuz 3 mission. On March 27,he took off for a routine proficiency flight in a two-seat MiG — 15 trainer. He and his flight instructor became engaged in low-level maneuvers with two other jets. Gagarin's plane crossed close behind another jet and was caught in its vortex; he lost control and the jet crashed into the tundra at high speed, killing both occupants instantly. Gagarin was given a hero's funeral.
The Cosmonaut Training Center was renamed in his honor, as were his former hometown, a space tracking ship, and a lunar crater. His wife continued to work as a biomedical laboratory assistant at Zvezdniy Gorodok, and Gagarin's office there was preserved as a museum; a huge statue of him was erected in Moscow.
His book Survival in Space was published posthumously.
First Man in Space: Yuri Gagarin
Written with space-program physician Vladimir Lebedev, the work outlines Gagarin's views on the problems and requirements for successful long-term space flights. On April 12,thirty years after Gagarin's flight, his cosmonaut successors, along with eighteen American astronauts, gathered at Baikonur to salute his achievements. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Retrieved October 28, from Encyclopedia.
Yury Alekseyevich Gagarin
The son of a carpenter on a collective farm, Yury Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino, Smolensk Province. Gagarin briefly attended a trade school to learn foundry work, then entered a technical school.
He joined the Saratov Flying Club in and learned to fly the Yak Gagarin graduated November 7,four days after Sputnik 2 was launched.
He married Valentina Goryacheva, a nursing student, the day he graduated. Gagarin flew for two years as a fighter pilot above the Arctic Circle.Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin — biography
In space officials recruited air force pilots to train as cosmonauts. Gagarin applied and was selected to train in the first group of sixty men. Only twelve men were taken for further training at Zvezdograd Star Citya training field outside Moscow.
The men trained for nine months in space navigation, physiology, and astronomy, and practiced in a mockup of the spacecraft Vostok. Space officials closely observed the trainees, subjecting them to varied physical and mental stress tests. They finally selected Gagarin for the first spaceflight. Capable, strong, and even-tempered, Gagarin represented the ideal Soviet man, a peasant farmer who became a highly trained cosmonaut in a few short years. Sergei Korolev, the chief designer of spacecraft, may have consulted with Nikita KhrushchevRussia 's premier, to make the final selection.
The Vostok spacecraft included a small spherical module on top of an instrument module containing the engine system, with a three-stage rocket underneath. Gagarin was strapped into an ejection seat.
He did not control the spacecraft, due to uncertainty about how spaceflight would affect his physical and mental reactions.
The United States and the Soviet Union vigorously competed to biography the boundaries of mankind's exploration of space. The Russians scored a victory when they launched a small craft carrying cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin to new heights. His minute flight gave him a permanent place in the history books as the first man in space. With the launch of Sputnik 1, the world's biography manmade satellite, the Russians took an early lead in the space race.
The next step was to send a human off the planet. The American plan to send a man into space by created a deadline that the Russian team worked hard to beat. The development of the Vostok spacecraft became paramount.
With these successes, the vessel was considered ready to take a living, breathing human into space. How the First Human Spaceflight Worked ]. More than Russian Air Force fighter pilots were selected as biography candidates. Such pilots were considered optimum because they had exposure to the forces of acceleration and the ejection process, as well as experience with high-stress situations.
The third of four children, Gagarin was born on March 9,in a small village a hundred miles from Moscow.