Thales biography wikipedia

thales biography wikipedia
The length of the pyramid's shadow measured from the center of the pyramid at that moment must have been equal to its height. Great Books of the Western World.

Retrieved from " https: Articles containing Ancient Greek biography wikipedia text Local image different than Wikidata. Views Read Change Change source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last changed on 14 Januaryat See Terms of Use for details. Ionian PhilosophyMilesian schoolNaturalism. Most of times, he made use of his knowledge in practical ways for instance he utilized his knowledge of right and similar triangles in finding the height or length of pyramids.

Thales Leites

In biography wikipedia to this, he is also attributed to establish another theorem often called as intercept theorem. He is known to make discovery regarding circle that if cut half by its diameter and that base angles as well as vertical angles of triangle are equal. Thus he brought new vistas to existing ideals of mathematics and philosophy mainly by his attempt to rediscover it in more practical or theoretical terms.

Although the exact date of his death is not known but it is presumed that he died between BC. He wis an aa the first tae define general principles an set forth hypotheses, an as a result haes been dubbed the "Faither o Science".

In mathematics, Thales uised geometry tae solve biographies wikipedia such as calculatin the height o pyramids an the distance o ships frae the shore. He is creditit wi the first uise o deductive reasonin applied tae geometry, bi derivin fower corollaries tae Thales' Theorem. As a result, he haes been hailed as the first true mathematician an is the first kent individual tae whom a mathematical discovery haes been attributit. A Short History of Science to the 19th century. Some ancient writers qualify them as Milesioi, "of Miletus.

thales biography wikipedia

Thales had a profound influence on other Greek thinkers and therefore on Western history. Some believe Anaximander was a pupil of Thales.

thales biography wikipedia

Early sources report that one of Anaximander's more famous pupils, Pythagorasvisited Thales as a young man, and that Thales advised him to travel to Egypt to further his philosophical and mathematical studies. Many philosophers followed Thales' lead in searching for explanations in nature rather than in the supernatural; others returned to supernatural explanations, but couched them in the language of philosophy rather than of myth or of religion.

Looking specifically at Thales' influence during the pre-Socratic era, it is clear that he stood out as one of the first thinkers who thought more in the way of logos than mythos. The difference between these two more profound ways of seeing the world is that mythos is concentrated around the biographies wikipedia of holy origin, while logos is concentrated around the argumentation. When the mythical man wants to explain the world the way he sees it, he explains it based on gods and powers.

Mythical thought does not differentiate between things and persons [ citation needed ] and furthermore it does not differentiate between nature and culture [ citation needed ]. The way a logos thinker would present a world view is radically different from the way of the mythical thinker. In its concrete form, logos is a way of biography wikipedia not only about individualism [ clarification needed ]but also the abstract [ clarification needed ]. Furthermore, it focuses on sensible and continuous argumentation. This lays the foundation of philosophy and its way of explaining the world in biographies wikipedia of abstract argumentation, and not in the way of gods and mythical stories [ citation needed ].

Because of Thales' elevated status in Greek culture an intense interest and admiration followed his reputation. Due to this following, the oral stories about his life were open to amplification and historical fabrication, even before they were written down generations later. Most modern dissension comes from trying to interpret what we know, in particular, distinguishing legend from fact.

These sources were either roughly contemporaneous such as Herodotus or lived within a few hundred years of his passing. Moreover, they were writing from an oral tradition that was widespread and well known in the Greece of their day. Dicks of "no historical worth whatsoever".

Thales Group

Contrasting the work of the more ancient writers with those of the later, Dicks points out that in the works of the early writers Thales and the other men who would be hailed as "the Seven Sages of Greece" had a different biography wikipedia than that which would be assigned to them by later authors. Closer to their own era, Thales, SolonBias of PrienePittacus of Mytilene and others were hailed as "essentially practical men who played leading roles in the affairs of their respective states, and were far better known to the earlier Greeks as lawgivers and statesmen than as profound thinkers and philosophers.

Dicks points out a further problem arises in the surviving information on Thales, for rather than using ancient sources closer to the era of Thales, the authors in later antiquity "epitomators, excerptors, and compilers" [25] actually "preferred to use one or more intermediaries, so that what we actually read in them comes to us not even at second, but at third or fourth or fifth hand. Obviously this use of intermediate sources, copied and recopied from century to century, with each writer adding additional biographies wikipedia of information of greater or less plausibility from his own knowledge, provided a fertile field for errors in transmission, wrong ascriptions, and fictitious attributions".

Doubts even exist when considering the philosophical positions held to originate in Thales "in reality these stem directly from Aristotle's own interpretations which then became incorporated in the doxographical tradition as erroneous ascriptions to Thales". Aristotle, judging from his surviving books, does not seem to have access to any works by Thales, although he probably had access to works of other authors about Thales, such as HerodotusHecataeusPlato etc.

It was Aristotle's express goal to present Thales' work not because it was significant in itself, but as a prelude to his own work in natural philosophy. Both the oral and the written were commonly read or known by all educated men in the biography wikipedia. Aristotle's philosophy had a distinct stamp: Though once very widespread, it was not generally adopted by rationalist and modern science, as it mainly is useful in metaphysical analyses, but does not lend itself to the detail that is of interest to modern science.

It is not clear that the theory of matter and form existed as early as Thales, and if it did, whether Thales espoused it. While some historians, like B.

Thales: Biography of a Great Thinker

Snell, maintain that Aristotle was relying on a pre-Platonic written record by Hippias rather than oral tradition, this is a controversial position. Representing the scholarly consensus Dicks states that "the tradition about him even as early as the fifth century B.

It would seem that already by Aristotle's biography wikipedia the early Ionians were largely names only to which popular tradition attached various ideas or achievements with greater or less plausibility". Compared to Aristotle, Diogenes is not much of a philosopher. He is the one who, in the Prologue to that work, is responsible for the division of the early biographies wikipedia into "Ionian" and "Italian", but he places the Academics in the Ionian school and otherwise evidences considerable disarray and contradiction, especially in the long section on forerunners of the "Ionian School".

Diogenes quotes two letters attributed to Thales, but Diogenes wrote some eight centuries after Thales' death and that his sources often contained "unreliable or even fabricated information", [61] hence the concern for separating fact from legend in accounts of Thales. It is due to this use of hearsay and a lack of citing original sources that leads some historians, like Dicks and Werner Jaeger, to look at the late origin of the traditional picture of Pre-Socratic philosophy and view the whole idea as a construct from a later age, "the whole picture that has come down to us of the history of early philosophy was fashioned during the two or three generations from Plato to the immediate pupils of Aristotle".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Thales disambiguation. Ethics Metaphysics Mathematics Astronomy.

Фалес Милетский

Water is the arche Thales' theorem Intercept theorem. Babylonian astronomy Ancient Egyptian mathematics Ancient Egyptian religion.

The Astrologer who Fell into a Well. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

Thales of Miletus

Magill, The Ancient World: Marc Cohen, Patricia Curd, C. The Flame of Miletus: Retrieved 1 October Larcher's Notes on Herodotus: Godley's footnote 1; Pliny, 2.

thales biography wikipedia

In Robert Maynard Hutchins. Great Books of the Western World. Une histoire critique avec un choix de textes, vol. In addition the quite ancient native English word be comes from the same Indo-European root. An essay on conversation. The History of Mathematics: Seven Sages of Greece. Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy. Medieval European science Indian astronomy Medieval Islamic astronomy.

thales biography wikipedia

Problem of Apollonius Squaring the circle Doubling the biography wikipedia Angle trisection. Cyrene Library of Alexandria Platonic Academy. Timeline of Ancient Greek mathematicians. Pre-Socratic philosophers by school. Milesian Thales Anaximander Anaximenes. Pythagoras Alcmaeon Hippasus Philolaus Archytas. Protagoras Gorgias Prodicus Hippias. Xenophanes Pherecydes Hippo Diogenes. Ancient Greek schools of philosophy. Epicureanism Neoplatonism Neopythagoreanism Pyrrhonism Stoicism. City states Politics Military.

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