Biography about mark antony and octavian

biography about mark antony and octavian
In addition to significant financial resources, Cleopatra's backing of his Parthian campaign allowed Antony to amass the largest army Rome had ever assembled in the East. After a largely misspent youth, he was sent east as a cavalry officer, where he won important victories in Palestine and Egypt. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

In the clash that followed, Antony's forces attacked Decimus Brutus a leader of the plottersbut he was in turn attacked by the armies of Octavian and the consuls. He was defeated and forced to retreat north.

In the following months Antony strengthened himself with the armies of the western Roman Empire; while Octavian, realizing that the Senate was trying to use him, began to establish an alliance with Antony. As a triumvirate consisting of three governing officials called triumvirsthey assumed biography about mark antony and octavian authority for ruling the empire, although Anthony and Octavian soon edged Lepidus out of power.

Unlike an earlier triumvirate consisting of Caesar, Pompey, and the politician Crassus c. Octavian assumed control in the west, Antony in the east, and Lepidus for a time in Africa. Antony and Octavian now moved eastward to face the army of those who had killed Caesar.

Ancient Rome

The two forces met at Philippi, Greece, in 42 B. After this battle Antony's career entered its most famous period. While Octavian returned to Italy, Antony went east to put affairs in order in the eastern provinces. He also prepared a war against Parthia located in present-day Iranand, needing Egyptian support, he met with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, in 41 B.

An immediate romance followed. This was interrupted when the news arrived that Antony's brother and wife were openly defying Octavian in Italy.

Mark Antony Biography

Antony moved back west and peace was patched up in 40 B. Antony soon went east again, beating back the Parthians. Cleopatra saw her alliance with Antony as a wonderful opportunity to revive the past glories of the Ptolemies, the royal family biography about mark antony and octavian from which she was descended.

What Antony's ideas were is not clear. He was certainly was dependent on Cleopatra for money, and he did cede give territory and grant titles to Cleopatra's family. At the close of 33 B. At the same time the crisis between Octavian and Antony was reaching a climax.

Lepidus was given Africa to rule, Octavian the west, from Rome, and Antony the east. He planned on charging Cleopatra with sedition against Rome in order to fine her a substantial sum to help pay his army. Cleopatra, however, manipulated her entrance to Tarsus in such a way that she immediately cast a spell over Antony which he would never be able to break.

biography about mark antony and octavian

She received several letters, both from Antony and from his friends, to summon her, but she took no account of these biographies about and at last, as if in antony and of them, she came sailing up the river Cydnus, in a mark with gilded stern and outspread sails of purple, while oars of silver beat time to the music of flutes and fifes and harps. She herself lay all along under a canopy of cloth of golddressed as Venus in a picture, and beautiful young boys, like painted Cupids, stood on each side to fan her.

Her maids were dressed like sea nymphs and gracessome steering at the rudder, some working at the ropes. She thought it fitter he should come to her; so, willing to show his good-humour and courtesy, he complied, and went. He found the preparations to receive him magnificent beyond expression, but nothing so admirable as the great number of lights; for on a sudden there was let down altogether so great a number of branches with lights in them so ingeniously disposed, some in squares, and some in circles, that the whole thing was a spectacle that has seldom been equaled for beauty.

biography about mark antony and octavian

Antony and Cleopatra immediately began their famous love affair, though he was at that time married to Fulvia, and he considered her his wife even before legally marrying her. The relationship between Octavian and Antony deteriorated further as the years passed and Antony continued his relationship with Cleopatra while married to Octavia.

Leaving Athens on campaign, Antony successfully subdued and annexed Armenia to Rome. Instead of returning to the city of Rome for his triumphhowever, Antony held his parade and celebration in Alexandria with Cleopatra at his side.

biography about mark antony and octavian

Wisely deciding to avoid declaring war on Antony which could have alienated some members of the senate and the populace Octavian had the senate declare war on Cleopatra.

For the next year, Antony would fight a series of small, futile battles with Octavian until, in 30 BCE, upon hearing that Cleopatra was dead, he stabbed himself. The rumor was false, however, and, dying, he was brought to Cleopatra where he died in her arms. She killed herself shortly afterwards through poison. The two young twins were brought to Rome where they were raised by Octavia along with her own children by Antony, one of which, Antonia Major, would later be grandmother of the emperor Nero.

biography about mark antony and octavian

We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers. Last modified December 20, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 20 Dec Mark Antony Author History. What does it mean to cross the Rubicon? Mark Antony and Octavian In his will Caesar had bequeathed his wealth and title to his posthumously adopted son Octavian. Mark Antony and Cleopatra In 41 B. We know you love history. Sign up for more! You can opt out at any time. Oops, there's a problem.

biography about mark antony and octavian

He failed to do this and was probably removed from his post in 47; he was without employment until 44, when he became consul as colleague and later priest flamen of Caesar. In June 44 the Senate granted him north and central Gaul and northern Italy as his province for five years. Cicerohowever, fiercely attacked him in the Philippic orations antony and September 44 and April 43, and Octavian joined forces with the consuls in Their combined forces twice defeated Antony, who was besieging Brutus Albinus at Mutina present-day Modena.

Antony managed to withdraw into mark Gaul. The opposing armies broke up after the deaths of both consuls, and Antony was joined by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Lucius Munatius Plancus with their armies. In early November, Octavian—at this point leading the consular armies—met Antony and Lepidus in Bononia present-day Bologna. The three entered into a five-year pact, soon ratified by a biography about, conferring on them a joint autocracy, the triumvirate. More than men were proscribed and when captured killed Cicero was one of themeither because they were enemies of the triumvirs or in order to confiscate their wealth.

In 42 Gaius Cassius and Marcus Brutusdefeated in two battles at Philippi Macedonia in which Antony distinguished himself as commander, killed themselves and, with these acts, the republican cause.

Rome - From Republic to Empire: Octavian vs Mark Antony (part 1)

The triumvirs had agreed to divide the empire, so Antony proceeded to take up the administration of the eastern provinces. He first summoned Cleopatrathe queen of Egyptto Tarsus southeastern Asia Minor to answer reports that she had assisted their enemies.

biography about mark antony and octavian

She successfully exonerated herself, and Antony spent the biography about mark antony and octavian of 41—40 as her lover at Alexandria, Egypt. In spite of the romantic accounts of ancient authors, however, he made no move to see her again for more than three years, although he greatly increased her territorial possessions during that interval. Octavian defeated the rebellion, capturing and destroying Perusia present-day Perugia. Antony had to return to Italy, leaving his general Ventidius to deal with a Parthian invasion of Asia Minor and Syria.

Lepidus, who had earlier been confined to Africa, was allowed to keep it. Antony and Octavia went to Athens, where they were deified; Antony was declared the New Dionysusmystic god of wine, happiness, and immortality. Antony then organized the East. Ventidius, meanwhile, pushed the Parthians out of Asia Minor in 40 and drove them back beyond the Euphrates River 39— Herod —the son of a prominent Palestinian Jewish friend of Rome, Antipater —was set up in Jerusalem as king of Judaea in When Octavian had problems in Italy and the West in 37, Antony met him at Tarentumsupplied him with ships, and agreed to renew the triumvirate for another five years.

Lepidus was perhaps not included.